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This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for
Shoreham-by-Sea and the Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England

 17 April 2003  :  Volume 5  Issue 4

Local News

Thousands of tonnes of spoil is dumped on New Monks Farm, Lancing, and diggers are rearranging the land. 

Clubs and societies are invited to hold an evening Adur World Oceans Day event.
See below for the AWOD events pencilled in for the Adur Festival 2003.

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

Wildlife Notes
25 April 2003
Badge design by Andy HortonAdur World Oceans Day 2003
The next meeting of the Adur World Oceans Day group. All the major participants should confirm their attendance before this day so that the organisation for publicity, planning logistics and other arrangements can be  progressed. 
Acrobat Information File on Adur World Oceans Day 2003



30 March 2003
An Osprey flew in quite low off the sea, this was just east of Widewater, it circled round and round gaining height over the sea and beach, then circled over towards the Adur estuary where what I think was a Sparrowhawk sparred briefly with it, the Osprey then came back towards me circling higher and higher, before embarking on one of those flapless, effortless glides on slightly angled wings NNE into the wind, it gave only two flaps before it vanished as a speck in the distance inland, in all I guess I watched it for around 15 mins - absolutely splendid! 

Report by Colin Holter on Sussex Ornithological Society News
A sunny spring day with a handful of Small White and Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies were in flight over Buckingham Park, Shoreham. 

28 March 2003
Short Eared Owl was seen twice in the early evening over New Monks Farm, Lancing. 

Report by Bob Kent (Lancing) on the Sussex Birds Yahoo Group

27 March 2003
I spotted by first white butterfly of the year, probably a Small White Butterfly over the Hamm Road allotments (Eastern Avenue) Shoreham.
Adur Butterflies

24 March 2003
It seemed as though the Little Egret flying over the Old Fort was following a small fishing boat up the River Adur. Was it same one feeding in the stream next to the towpath by Shoreham Airport? Spring seems to have finally arrived. It looked like a couple of Swallows diving rather low over the same unappealing stream. There was a local buff coloured Meadow Pipit with its dipping flight over the Sea Purslane at low tide. 
Lesser Celandine (Photograph by Andy Horton)Scores of Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies and Buff-tailed Bumblebees were around the fringes of Shoreham town and on the Coombes road and a single Peacock Butterfly settled on the cycle path by the Cement Works. The yellow flowers by the roadside were Lesser Celandine. There were hundreds of sheep and newly born lambs (with blue tags in their ears) in the fields adjoining the road especially near Church Farm, Coombes. 
Vernal Equinox
Bumble Bee Page

23 March 2003
A Comma Butterfly was in in my south Lancing garden pond (TQ 186 044) nectaring on Viburnum xbodnantense. This is the earliest in the year that I have seen this species of butterfly.

Butterflies of Lancing

20 March 2003
A Brimstone Butterfly was seen near to Lancing Manor Allotments at the foot of McIntyres field.

19 March 2003
A steady stream of orange-tailed bumblebees were observed flying eastwards over the shingle beach to the seaward edge of Widewater Lagoon. Over a period of two hours, a bee must have passed every 30 seconds and I estimated the total numbers passing at about 136. Later in the afternoon a smaller fly-pass occurred. 

Report by Bob Kent (Lancing) via the Lancing Nature Smart Group
NB: The species was probably the Red-tailed (Jewel) Bumble Bee, Bombus lapidarius.
Shoreham Beach page

Frog tadpoles (pic) hatch out in my south Lancing garden pond (TQ 186 044) and a pair of Magpies, from the Hawthorn tree, pinched the turf from the pond's edge.

Small-headed Clingfish (Photograph by Andy Horton)

        The Small-headed Clingfish is about 10 mm long

Acanthochitona crinitus (Photograph by Andy Horton)The low equinoctial spring tide receded as far as I have known it uncovering all the rocks on Lancing Beach. It was too dark to explore the exposed shore properly, but juvenile Small-headed Clingfishes (probable ident.) were present under rocks, with hundreds of crabs and a chiton, a full sized Acanthochitona crinita. The chiton is 29 mm long and 20 mm at its widest part. The sea anemone Sagartia troglodytes was common and the Snakelocks Anemone frequently seen.
Species List
BMLSS Chiton page
BMLSS Molluscs

There were two pairs of Shelducks at the eastern end of Widewater Lagoon.
Buff-tailed Bumble Bee (Photograph by Andy Horton)The bumblebee on the railway path near the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham, was striped orange and black. This was a queen (the orange pollen basket indicates) of the Buff-tailed Bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, which is the commonest species locally. The white (not buff) tail is usually very clear with this species: its most distinguishing feature. (The White-tailed Bumblebee, Bombus locurum is similar but smaller with a lemony coloured band.)

The chirrupy calls of the Robin Redbreast were noticeable north of the Toll Bridge, and a particularly colourful Chaffinch singing from a tree on the short path from Botolphs to the River Adur (just to the north of the South Downs Way bridge). To the north of the path it appears to be recently (2001?) neglected or set-aside land, notably better in wildlife than the adjacent arable lands. Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies were seen near shelter in the valley, but only about six of these butterflies were flying strongly and not settling. 
A Little Egret was the only bird in the first flood plain field north of the Toll Bridge (field artificially seeded for cattle). This field tends to be damp with deep drainage streams around the edge. 
Adur Levels

17 March 2003  
My first butterfly of the year was a Small Tortoiseshell flying strongly over Gordon Road, Shoreham town centre, on a sunny hazy day. Of the birds calling during the day, the Collared Doves, Herring Gulls and Song Thrush were the loudest and most strident, joined by the melody of the Blue Tit on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, south of the by-pass. 

Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies (Photographs by Andy Horton)
It was is in this area that a group of three Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies, were seen and photographed and another three on Mill Hill near the reservoir. The shade air temperature reached 13° C.

Jewel Bumble Bee (Photograph by Andy Horton)A Red-tailed (Jewel) Bumble Bee, Bombus lapidarius, crawled out of the long grass just south of the reservoir. There was a small orange mite on its abdomen. This species of bumblebee is the second commonest locally throughout the year. 
Bumble Bees
Social Bees
Parasites on Bumblebees
Classification of Acari
Six Common Species of Bumblebees (UK)
World List of Bumblebees (NHM)

16 March 2003
As the sun set and full moon illuminated the early evening, there was an astonishing amount of bird song in the scrubs from Withy Patch with birds communicating over four lanes of the A27, and various bird calls were heard continuously all the way down the path south of Toll Bridge in the bushes by the old railway track, and again in the scrub and small trees by the railway main line at the southern end of Raven's Road, Shoreham. It appeared that most of the singing came from Blackbirds and other thrushes
On beach near the Brooklands outfall pipe, three Turnstones could be approached quite closely before they flew off calling. Twenty Sanderlings pattered over the sand surface and there was a few Ringed Plover as well. Alas the low tide of 1.06 metres did not uncover as many rocks as known before, and the intertidal fauna was exiguous, limited to a few common species including the Hairy Crab and small sea anemones Sagartia troglodytes, Beadlet Anemone and a single Snakelocks Anemone. There were numerous Dogwhelks on the mussel beds on the Brooklands pipe. 
BMLSS Rockpooling Page
A flock of about a dozen Jackdaws perched on the Linde trees (Small-leaved Lime) in The Drive (near Buckingham Park), Shoreham-by-Sea, (TQ  219 063).

15 March 2003
One Red Admiral Butterfly, very large and perfect, was hovering in the sun and five Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies were seen in my Lancing garden.

Report by Gary Lane via the UK-Leps EForum
Adur Butterflies

14 March 2003
The first Small Tortoiseshell Butterfly of the year visited my south Lancing garden in the sunshine with a gentle north-east breeze. (TQ 186 044).

British Butterflies Flight Times
On the mud flats south of Old Shoreham Toll Bridge the low spring tide had receded a low way so in the fading light it was difficult to identify some of the wading birds through my low powered (10 x 25) binoculars. There were fifteen medium-sized wading birds in the shallows on the water's edge. At least three were Redshanks as the red colour of their legs discerned as they trotted quickly over the mud itself, but the other waders appeared to be a different species, with black legs and bill and a dark head (possibly Godwits?). They were very active wading in water up to their knees, probing very deeply into the mud. They were probably all Redshanks, but it is unusual to see them on Adur in small flocks - they are usual single, with perhaps a couple more in close proximity. Much easier to recognise, were a pair of Shelducks, just a solitary Dunlin, three Mute Swans, a couple of feeding Little Egrets and a couple of Great Black-backed Gulls
A flock of about a dozen Jackdaws foraged around the green mown grass of the Holmbush roundabout, north-east Shoreham. 

8 March 2003
There were five ducks up-ending themselves to feed in Widewater Lagoon (eastern end). Some 25% smaller than Mallards, I have penned these in as Teals. One of them was chased by an aggressive Black-headed Gull.

5 March 2003
A pair of Mandarin Ducks were seen on Brooklands Boating Lake this evening. This is a "naturalised" alien species from the Far East (China and Japan) has escaped from captivity and breeds in south-east England. 
At 3:30 pm a single Swallow flew up the Adur then low across the Shoreham Airport heading north west. A real early bird?

Reports by Bob Kent (Lancing) on the Sussex Birds Yahoo Group

4 March 2003
A Goldcrest was in in my south Lancing garden in the rain, again. (TQ 186 044). This was a bright spark on a murky overcast grey day.

2 March 2003
An escaped Eagle with jesses was seen over Cokeham Reed Beds, Sompting. It was mobbed by crows and seen heading for the downs. This bird was not a Harris Hawk identified from Cissbury later in the month. 

Report by Roy Bratton via Ray Hamblett (Lancing Nature
on the Adur Valley EForum
Lost & Found "Birds of Prey"
Link to Adur Valley Nature Notes 2003

    Historical Snippets



    An aquamanile is the largest and most impressive discovery from the Ropetackle archaeological dig on Ropetackle undertaken by Archaeological South-east. 

    'Noo-Noo' is a green-glazed ceramic aquamanile in the stylised shape of a ram,
    probably manufactured in the Scarborough area in the late 13th century. He is about 30 cm from snout to tail and about 25 cm from the base of his front legs to the top of his horn (only one survives).

    Only two such complete examples are known from Sussex (from Seaford and
    Lewes : both found in the 19th century). International discoveries of complete ceramic aquamaniles are rare, because they are delicate and easily damaged.
    Information from Simon Stevens (Chief Archaeologist, Archaeology South-East)

    Evening Argus Report 1  of Ropetackle Finds
    Evening Argus Report 2  of Ropetackle Finds

    History of Shoreham

Adur Valley Book List

Steyning Rail Tour

Sussex History  PASTFINDERS

Sussex Archaeological Society

History of Shoreham Web Page

Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup

    Words of the Week

    aquamanile  | akwmnLli, -nili |  n. L19. [Late L f. L aquaemanalis hand-basin, f. aquae genit. sing. of aqua water + manale ewer.] A water vessel or ewer, freq. in the form of an animal or bird.

    satya  | sLtj |  n. M20. [Skt.] Indian Philos. Truth, truthfulness.
    satyagraha  | sLtjrh |  n. E20. [Skt satyagraha force born of truth, f. satya truth + agraha pertinacity.] 1 Hist. A policy of passive resistance to British rule in India formulated by M. K. Gandhi. E20.  2 gen. Any policy of non-violent resistance. E20. satyagrahi n., pl. -is, same, [mod.Skt satyagrahi] an exponent or practitioner of satyagraha E20. satyagrahist n. = SATYAGRAHI M20.

    jess  | des |  n. & v. ME. [OFr. ges nom. sing. & accus. pl. of get (mod. jet cast) f. Proto-Romance var. of L jactus a throw, f. jacere to throw.] A n. A short strap of leather, silk, or other material fastened round each of the legs of a hawk used in falconry, usu. having a small ring to which a leash may be attached. Usu. in pl. ME. B v.t. Put jesses on (a hawk). M19.jessed  | dest |  a. (of a hawk) furnished with or wearing jesses; Her. having jesses of a specified tincture: E17.

    aestivation  | istve()n, est- |  n. Also USest-. E17. [f. as prec.: see -ATION.]  1 The spending of summer; summer residence. E17-M18. 2 Bot. The arrangement of the parts of a flower inside its bud before opening. Cf. VERNATION 1. E19. 3 Zool. The act of spending the summer in a state of torpor. Cf. HIBERNATION. M19.
    e.g. butterflies

    acarology  | akrldi |  n. E20. [f. as ACARIASIS + -OLOGY.] The branch of science that deals with mites and ticks. acarologist n. L19.

    phoresy  | frisi, frsi |  n. E20. [Fr. phoresie, f. as prec.: see -Y3.] Zool. An association in which one organism is carried by another, without being a parasite on it. phoretic

    deracinate  | drasnet |  v.t. literary. L16. [f. Fr. deraciner (OFr. des-), f. de- DE- 3 + racine root: see -ATE3.] Tear up by the roots (lit. & fig.), eradicate. deracination n. E19. 

    laconic  | lknk |  a. & n. In sense A.1 L-. M16. [L Laconicus f. Gk Lakonikos, f. Lakon: see prec., -IC.] A adj. 1 Of or pertaining to Laconia (see prec.) or its inhabitants; Lacedaemonian, Spartan. Now rare. M16.  2 Using few words, concise, terse, (the Spartans being known for their terse speech). L16. B n.  1 A laconic speaker. Only in 17. 2 Laconic or concise speech; in pl., brief or concise sentences. rare. E18.laconically adv. E17. laconicism  | lknszm |  n. (a)brevity in speech or writing; (b)a short pithy sentence: M17.

    sibilate  | sblet |  v. M17. [L sibilat- pa. ppl stem of sibilare: see prec., -ATE3.] 1 v.i. Hiss; make a hissing sound. M17.  2 v.t. a Pronounce or utter with a hissing sound. M19. b Hiss at (a person), esp. as a sign of disapproval. M19.sibilation n. (a)the action or an act of sibilating, esp. as a sign of disapproval; (b)a hissing or whistling sound: L15. sibilator n. (rare) a person who hisses or whistles LME. sibilatory a. characterized, accompanied, or expressed by hissing M19.

    edaphic  | dafk |  a. L19. [f. Gk edaphos floor + -IC.] Biol. Of the soil; produced or influenced by the soil. edaphically adv. M20

    mezzanine  | meznin |  n. & a. E18. [Fr. f. It. mezzanino dim. of mezzano middle, medium, f. L medianus MEDIAN.] A n. 1 A low storey between two others in a building, usu. between the ground floor and the floor above. E18. b Theatr. A floor beneath the stage, from which the traps are worked. M19. c The lowest gallery in a theatre or cinema; a dress circle. N. Amer. E20. 2 A small window at the level of a mezzanine or attic. M18.
    1c New Yorker I was in a movie house, fairly plush, in a sort of mezzanine, or balcony.
     B adj. 1 Designating an intermediate floor, storey, etc. M19. 2 Comm. Designating unsecured, higher-yielding loans that are subordinate to bank loans and secured loans but rank above equity. L20.
    2 Observer Before1983, potential raiders looked to venture capitaliststo provide mezzanine finance.

    tarsal  | ts()l |  a. & n. E19. [f. TARSUS + -AL1.] A adj. 1 Anat. & Zool. Of or pertaining to the tarsus of the ankle or foot. E19.  2 Anat. Of or pertaining to the tarsi of the eyelids. M19. B n. A tarsal bone, joint, etc. L19.

    Coleoptera  | klpt()r | Rarely in sing. -ron  | -rn | . M18. [mod.L, f. Gk koleopteros sheath-winged, f. koleos sheath + pteron wing: see -A3.] (Members of) a large order of insects having the front wings modified as hard wing-cases, and comprising the beetles (including weevils).coleopteran n. & a. (a member) of the order Coleoptera M19. coleopterist n. a person who studies beetles M19. coleopteroid a. resembling or akin to a member of the order Coleoptera L19. coleopterous a. belonging or pertaining to the order Coleoptera L18.

    Computer Tips


Nicolas Breton 

A very strange old house which had been lived in by an eccentric Englishman who collected everything...the house was like a museum. Dark ....and very spooky!! In one room these words were written in relief around the four walls:

A wise man is like a dial,
That being set right by the sun keepeth his true course in his compass.
He measureth time and tempereth nature,
He employeth reason and commandeth sense and envieth none. 

Link to Source


Breton, Nicholas 

(brt´n) (KEY) , 1551?–c.1623, English author, a prolific and versatile writer of verse and prose. His best work, written in a lyrical and pastoral vein, appeared in The Arbor of Amorous Devices (1597), England’s Helicon (1600), and The Passionate Shepherd (1604).    1 
See his poems (ed. with biography by J. Robertson, 1952); A Mad World My Masters and Other Prose Works (ed. by U. Kentish-Wright, 1929). 
Excerpted from
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.  2001.

Future Movies Web Page

Writers & Poets Smart Group

Image Gallery

Field north of The Street
This AONB land is not included in the 
South Downs National Park boundaries
Photograph by Andy Horton

  •  Sussex Web Sites 



    Farmer's Market

    Second Saturday every month
    Last:  14 April 2003
    Next:  10 May 2003
    Fresh produce
    East Street, Shoreham-by-Sea


Adur World Oceans Day 2003


Shoreham and the River Adur's seafaring traditions stretch back for over a millenium. In the days of sailing ships the public hards each side of the Coronation Green were important for loading and unloading cargo and Shoreham has a history of seafaring and fishing that stretches back centuries to the beginning of written records and before.

The Adur Festival celebrates this tradition and the local connection with the sea with the opening procession from St. Mary de Haura church down East Street (known as Oriental Street in the 18th century) down to River Adur to Coronation Green (Legal Quay in medieval times) in the centre of Shoreham-by-Sea.

31 May 2003
Coronation Green,  Shoreham-by-Sea
10:00 am - 4:00 pm
Admission:  Free

Open air celebration of the wildlife of the oceans with exhibitions of live marine creatures, marine aquaria, nets and fishing gear, colouring competitions and other interactive activities for children, whales and dolphins exhibits, films and video shows, sea food tasting, all designed for a family day out. Allow at least one hour, preferably more, to wander around the marquees, with experts on hand to answer questions about life in the sea and on the seashore. 

Organised by the Adur World Oceans Day group

  • Please send in any details of local events.

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