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This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and District, West Sussex, England

     15 February 2001 : Volume 3  Issue 3

    Local News

    14 February 2001
    A train hits a van at an unmanned railway crossing near Shoreham Airport and is badly derailled with a few minor injuries to train passengers and a disruption to train services that will last for the whole of 15 February 2001.The van driver was thrown clear by the impact of the train and suffered bruises and minor injuries. 

    Where is the Train ?  (by Ray Hamblett)

    The van was carried 100 metres up the track by the train (1402) travelling at 50 mph. The van was so wrecked it was unrecognisable. 
    The track is expected to reopen at 6:00 pm on 16 February 2001. 

National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188
Weather Forecast

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

    Wildlife Reports
    National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188

     Wildlife Records on the Adur eForum (you have to join)

    Wildlife Web Sites

    1 August 2000
    The Marine Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic (formerly the British Marine Wildlife Forum)  ***** commences. 



    UK Wildlife eGroups Forum

    Marine Life eFora (Link)

    Designing for Cyclists (Web Site)  Camden Cycling Campaign

    After discussion on the Urban Cyclist EForum, it appears that most cyclists have grave reservations about the Camden initiative. There seems to very few advantages to cycle lanes and it may be better if the concept is abandoned altogether. 

    1 December 2000

    UK Environment and Planning  EFORUM PAGE

    British Naturalists' Association (link)

    Find the Sites of Special Scientific Interest using this link:
    Friends of the Earth SSSI Navigator

    Words of the Week

    prosopography  | prs()prfi |  n. M16. [mod.L prosopographia, f. Gk prosopon face, person: see -GRAPHY.]  1 Rhet. = PROSOPOPOEIA 1. rare. Only in M16. 2 A description of (esp. the outward appearance of) a person. obs. exc. as in sense 3 below. L16. 3 A description of a person's appearance, personality, social and familial connections, career, etc.; a collection of such descriptions; the study of these, esp. in Roman history. E20.prosopographer n. M20. prosopographic, prosopographical adjs. of or pertaining to the method of historical study or research which makes use of prosopography M20. prosopographically adv. L20.

    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. 

    Computer Tips

  • Historical Snippets

    Andy Horton asked some time ago (14-1) where Cymenesora was- Aelle's
    supposed landing-place (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle- date 477).

    According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (AD 477) three Saxon ships arrived in a part of Britain which was to be later known as Sussex at a place called Cymenes ora. King Aelle (d. c. 514) accompanied by three sons Cymen, Wlenca and Cissa landed from Gaul (France). In 465 (485) they fought the British at what is probably a boundary stream called Mearcredesburna.
    From John Mills, Archaeologist
    West Sussex County Council- County Planning

    There is a useful discussion of the location in Anglo-Saxon Charters VI -
    "Charters of Selsey", ed. SE Kelly, British Academy, pub. OUP, 1998 - page 12.
    Copy in West Sussex Record Office, Chichester.

    "Cumeneshore", which Kelly identifies with Cymenesora, is mentioned in one of
    the Selsey Abbey Charters, a supposed grant by Caedwalla of Wessex to Bishop
    Wilfrid in 673 (?for 683) of 55 hides in and around Selsey, "seal island", south
    of Chichester.

    Like a number of the supposed early charters, this one is in fact much later in
    date, though incorporating earlier material. Kelly suggests that this and
    another charter for a grant of land in this area were based on a later 8th-century original, which itself contained genuine material. This charter, however, was probably drawn up in the 10th century - and the boundary clause which mentions Cumeneshore is probably of the same date. The charter was probably drawn up to strengthen Selsey's sometimes rather dubious claims to land in the Selsey area - in dispute with perhaps equally dubious claims by the Archbishopric of Canterbury, to whom the manor of Pagham belonged in the Middle Ages.

    Kelly mentions that there have been doubts about the Cumeneshore reference being
    genuine- could it have been an invention by a 10th-century scribe?- but is convinced that the boundary clause, while certainly not of the 670s or 680s, was perfectly straightforward in 10th-century terms. The names needed to be genuine - this was intended to be legal document and the bounds of the land had to be identifiable from contemporary names and landmarks in Selsey.

    The relevant part of the boundary clause states that "from the entrance of the
    harbour which is called in English Wyderinges [Pagham Harbour]" the boundary ran
    along the coast to "Cymen's bank or foreshore [ora]". Cumeneshore is thought to
    have given rise to the name of The Owers, a series of now offshore banks
    extending out from Medmerry Farm in Selsey parish. Then the bounds turned
    towards Rumbridge (alias "thri beorg"- three barrows), a lost name in Wittering
    and on the Earnley boundary- also very interesting to the archaeologist!

    The shoreline on the west side of Selsey "island", where Medmerry is located,
    has been eroding steadily over centuries, and is still actively eroding. By the
    16th century earlier ancient landmarks here could no longer be identified.

    Of course, if the Cumeneshore= Cymenesora identification is accepted, it still
    does not mean that Cymen son of Aelle or Aelle himself, King of the South
    Saxons, actually landed here!

    Following the "Cymenesora" string (Andy Horton):

    The medieval "Port of Wythering"- generally identified with Pagham Harbour, and
    the lost medieval "new town" of Wardour in Sidlesham- also probably on Pagham
    Harbour- represent interesting research subjects in their own right.

    Wardour and the Port of Wythering are both referred to in Julian Munby's paper
    on "Saxon Chichester and its Predecessors" in J Haslam, ed. Anglo-Saxon Towns in Southern England, 1984- pp. 321-2, 329. See also Maurice Beresford on Wardour in New Towns of the Middle Ages, pp. 209, 497.There was a hamlet caled Wardour
    Green, SE of Sidlesham, shown on a map of 1755.

    Another of the Selsey charters, of similar origin to the one I have previously referred to, mentions lands in Pagham, with reference to the brethren of St Andrew's church, located on the eastern shore of the harbour which is called Uedringmutha- thought to be the still-extant 10th-century remains of St Andrew's chapel on the east side of Pagham Harbour, not far from the medieval church of St Thomas.

    Hope the above is of use

    John Mills, Archaeologist
    West Sussex County Council- County Planning
    From: "John Mills" <>

    Another answer is, in part at least, place-names. A pertinent study is "The Anglo-Saxon Traveller" by Ann Cole in Nomina vol. 17 (1994); she has produced a series of related articles (see esp. the English Place-Name Society Journal vols 21, 22, 24 & 25), and her hypothesis concerning the function of names containing Old English _ofer_ and _o:ra_ ('a flat-topped ridge with a convex shoulder') as travellers' 
    guides receives useful discussion and illustration in the new book by Margaret Gelling & Ann Cole "The Landscape of Place-Names" (2000), pp.199-210. Note that this element is not found with the meaning 'landing place for boats'. There's no obstacle to connecting the 'Cumeneshore' of BCS 64 (Sawyer 232: a 13th c. MS) with the 'Cymenes ora' of the A-S Chronicle s.a. 477. We may readily allow for the 
    intrusion of inorganic 'h' in document of this date, and a West Saxon reflex 'u' of Old English 'y' is unexceptional. More problematic, though they appear to have received no scholarly comment, are the forms 'cymeneres horan' and 'cimeneres horan' in BCS 997 (Sawyer 1291: 14th/15th c. MSS) as quoted by Kelly in "Charters of Selsey" (pp.85-91) - contrast Mawer & Stenton "The Place-Names of Sussex" 
    pp.83-4. I can't believe she made them up, but that extra syllable seems to have escaped the attention of any other commentator.

    Humbly, Paul

    >From: Andy Horton <>
    >Subject: [sussexpast] Saxon Signposts
    >Anybody fancy pointing me in the right direction to answer the
    >following question:
    >How did  the Saxons navigate across land (on on their roads, what did
    >they use instead of signposts and service stations?) ?
    >Ideally, somebody has written a book, even though it may refer to
    >earlier groups, Romans or even earlier people, preferably in Britain
    >or Europe.
    >Andy Horton.

    1)  It does seem that Cymenesora near Sidlesham has the greatest claim to
    the landing location of Aella and his crew.
    2)  "Landing place for boats" for õra (_o:ra_) was creative writing on my part, with just a shred of old research. Best ignored.
    3)  When navigating by land, I am inclined to look for specific signposts or else I would get lost. I a poor navigator. 
    4)  The Gelling book is very interesting. Best to order the new book through the Library system as I have got the first version out on loan. 

    There are other things I can ask about this interesting history, but I will
    have a think first. 


    Andy Horton

    Sussex Archaeological Society

    Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup

    Brief History of Shoreham-by-Sea

  • Events

    Ropetackle Development:  Community Group Consultation with SEEDA

    This takes place on 20 February 2001 at the Adur Civic Centre.  If you are interested please let me know. There are places available under the auspices of the BRITISH Marine Life Study Society. If you want to attend, please ask me at the earliest possible opportunity as the number of representives are limited by space. 


    For any company or organisation wanting nationwide green publicity, there is an opportunity to sponsor the journal "Glaucus" of the British Marine Life Study Society.

    There remains sponsorship opportunities on the BMLSS (England) web site and other publications, including Torpedo.

    Sponsorship is also available for the Adur Torpedo Electronic News Bulletin and the Shoreham-by-Sea web pages (which preceded the Adur Resource Centre web site), which would be more suitable for a local firm(s).

    Web Site Design Services are available from Hulkesmouth Publishing

    Normal advertisement rules apply.
    Submissions accepted by EMail only.


    Adur Torpedo was written, designed and distributed by Andy Horton.

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