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This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and District, West Sussex, England

     28 February 2001 : Volume 3  Issue 5

Local News

The Adur Valley web site crashed at the CompuServe end on 22-23 February 2001. I have repaired the web site as best I can, but I really need to move to a new host for a proper repair. There may be a few missing images and broken links.

24 February 2001
A light aircraft on an afternoon flight from Shoreham Airport to Biggin Hill nosedives into a field at Sharpthorne near East Grinstead, West Sussex, and disintegrates, killing all four occupants. 

    20 February 2001
    Ropetackle Development:  Community Group Consultation with SEEDA
National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188
Weather Forecast

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

Wildlife Reports

25 February 2001

Adder (Photograph by Ray Hamblett)

An Adder basked in the sun on the chalkpit lane near Lancing Ring as the remaining overnight snow gradually melted away. This is the only poisonous snake found on mainland Britain and is also known as the Common Viper. It hibernates during the winter.

Report and photograph by Ray Hamblett

25 February 2001
A miniscule layer of snow greets early risers, but it quickly melts in the weak sun. Cows still grazed the convex Downs north of Shoreham, where there was no trace of the snow by midday. 

22 February 2001
The Kestrel that spent the complete decade of the 1990s hovering in the Dolphin Road/Corbyn Crescent area of Shoreham, has been missing for most of this new millennium. There almost certainly several birds as one was known to have been caught by a cat in Middle Road near Adelaide Crescent. In the late afternoon a swift-flying male Kestrel swooped through the gaps in the houses chasing the small birds. I think the Kestrels have adjusted their territory slightly since the extensive building on the site of the old Middle Road school and playing fields. Kestrels have been seen over the beach which is not far away as a hawk flies and this could be the same bird. Other Kestrels I have been seen swooping after small birds over the cycle path north of Old Shoreham, missing their quarry, and then demonstrating their distinctive hovering.

20 February 2001
Grey Wagtail was spotted on the shingle beach adjacent to Beach Green, Lancing. This bird is seen occasionally every winter near water and there is a very small breeding population in Sussex. 

Report by Jan Hamblett
Lancing Nature & History - February Newsletter
(Link to the web site by Ray Hamblett)
National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188

5 March 2001
Adur World Oceans Day 2001
Adur Civic Centre  1:30 pm  By invitation only.
The second meeting to discuss arrangements for this Adur Festival event.
Please express any interest to:
Andy Horton (British Marine Life Study Society)
Natalie Brahma-Pearl (Adur District Council)

Adur World Oceans Day 2000 web page


     Wildlife Records on the Adur eForum (you have to join)

    Wildlife Web Sites

    1 August 2000
    The Marine Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic (formerly the British Marine Wildlife Forum)  ***** commences. 



    UK Wildlife eGroups Forum

    Marine Life eFora (Link)


    UK Environment and Planning  EFORUM PAGE

    British Naturalists' Association (link)

    Find the Sites of Special Scientific Interest using this link:
    Friends of the Earth SSSI Navigator


    Words of the Week

    dingle  | d()l |  n. ME. [Origin uncertain: perh. a doublet of DIMBLE.]  1 A deep abyss. Only in ME. 2 A deep hollow or dell, esp. (chiefly literary) one shaded by trees. Also (dial.) a cleft between hills. M17. 
    2 SOUTHEY Seek some sequestered dingle's coolest shade. 
    Comb.: dingle-bird = bell-miner s.v. BELL n.1
    dingly a. of the nature of a dingle, having many dingles M19.

    trebuchet  | trebjet, -bet,  foreign trebye (pl. same) |  n. Also trebucket  | tribLkt, tre- | . ME. [(O)Fr. trebuchet (med.L trebuchetum, tra-), f. trebucher overturn, overthrow, stumble, fall, ult. f. as TRABUCH: see -ET1.] 1 Hist. A medieval military machine used in siege warfare for hurling heavy stones and other missiles. ME.  2 A small delicately poised balance or pair of scales. M16. 3 Hist. = cucking-stool s.v. CUCK v.1 M17.

    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. 

    Computer Tips

    Computing Net Support Site  (for computing problems) ****

    The upsurge of EFora on all subjects (a few have been recommended before in these bulletins) are an important way in which the Internet will change the world. 
    A list of recommended eFora will appear soon. Please make any suggestions. 

    See the Profusion Search method below.

    Smart Groups

  • Star:  Latest Virus Information 

  • Poem of the Week

    Drifter's Escape

    "Oh, help me in my weakness,"
    I heard the drifter say,
    As they carried him from the courtroom
    And were taking him away.
    "My trip hasn't been a pleasant one
    And my time it isn't long,
    And I still do not know
    What it was that I've done wrong."

    Well, the judge, he cast his robe aside,
    A tear came to his eye,
    "You fail to understand," he said,
    "Why must you even try?"
    Outside, the crowd was stirring,
    You could hear it from the door.
    Inside, the judge was stepping down,
    While the jury cried for more.

    "Oh, stop that cursed jury,"
    Cried the attendant and the nurse,
    "The trial was bad enough,
    But this is ten times worse."
    Just then a bolt of lightning
    Struck the courthouse out of shape,
    And while ev'rybody knelt to pray
    The drifter did escape.

    Bob Dylan 

  •  Sussex Web Sites 

  • Historical Snippets

    SAXONS (Notes)

    The discussion of when and where the Saxons landed seems to be based on a number of misconceptions. The idea of an invasion bridgehead followed by a gradual expansion of conquering hoards may be relevant to Europe in 1944-45, but finds little support in archaeology of the fifth and sixth centuries in England.

    The number of immigrant Saxons is now questioned, and increasingly we think of 'Saxonization' as a process of cultural change, rather than of population movement. The native sub-Roman population of England adopted the ethnic attributes of the Saxons, Angles and probably Scandinavians, while retaining some features of Romano-British culture. Ethnic identity is something that can be adopted (and adapted), and is not inherited with one's genes.

    The story is going to be less simple than those who think in terms of invasions and conquest would wish, but it is a good deal more interesting and fits the evidence better.

    Mark Gardiner
    From: Mark Gardiner <>


    I can think of no reason to think of the Saxon influx from the 5th century as a conquering invasion. It seems to me, it was less aggressive than the Roman attacks on fortifications.

    I envisaged immigrant Anglo-Saxons (collective name for all the Germanic tribes) living side by side in separate communities, perhaps trading together.

    I then guessed at an increase in the Germanic population, as the Saxon chiefs allocated more land for their sons, and competition over resources leading to battles between the Saxons and Romano-Britons at first and later battles between different groups of Saxons.

    Then, I anticipated a ruling group of 10% of sword-wielding Saxons and an undergroup, which may have included Britons as well, but they have been living separately. I would still be interested in the archaeological and place-name evidence for settlement patterns.

    I still do not know the answers to even some of the simpler questions, e.g where the Saxons grew their crops?  Did they prefer the upper downlands with its poor flint ridden soil that would be easier to plough? or the richer heavier alluvium or coastal plain soils which could be liable to flooding, or inroads from the sea, which would be lower than it is today.

    I will look into this as best I can myself, but I appreciate any pointers. I am not a historian or archaeology specialist, it is just that I like to some idea of the local history, which does not seem to well published in books.

    Fonts was a spur of the moment thought. Points taken on board. It seems the early Saxon churches in Sussex were made from wood and little remains. It was then I surmised that the fonts may have been made from stone and they would have a longer history. Unfortunately, it does not seem to be the case.

    I have a note I made:
    In the 680s St. Wilfrid, (exiled Bishop of York) expelled from Northumbria, spent several years converting the South Saxons (Sussex) to Christianity (this was the last Saxon area to be converted).
    Is this correct for the date?  Most of the pre-1066 churches I know of were built in the 9th century, some like St. Nicolas Church, Old Shoreham, extensively rebuilt by the Normans with just a few Saxon bits identified.


    Andy Horton

    Sussex Archaeological Society

    Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup

    Brief History of Shoreham-by-Sea


    For any company or organisation wanting nationwide green publicity, there is an opportunity to sponsor the journal "Glaucus" of the British Marine Life Study Society.

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