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 55  56  57
This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and District, West Sussex, England

     9 April 2001 : Volume 3  Issue 8

Local News
2 April 2001

Photograph by Andy Horton (Sea Chest Picture Library)

A Piper twin engined aircraft made an unscheduled stop in the back garden of the house adjacent to the railway line on the south-west side of the bridge opposite St. Peter's Catholic Church. Unfortunately, the aircraft arrived through the top storey of the house which it demolished. Fortunately, nobody was killed.
More reports as they occurred can be found on the Adur Valley EForum

30 March 2001
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip land at Shoreham Airport in the maroon royal helicopter in a scheduled stop. If it was not for the successful escape of King Charles II from Shoreham in 1651 (see below), this might not have happened. 

28 February 2001
Food & Mouth Disease Restrictions
The Food & Mouth Disease regulations have come into force to empower Local Authorities to close footpaths and rights of way. Notices have been put on in the Adur Valley, with good reason. The Police have made sure they are enforced and they have been complied with. 
MAFF Information Page
Public Rights of Way and Foot & Mouth Disease
WSCC Information
ESCC Information

National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188
Weather Forecast

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

Wildlife Reports

3 April 2001
A pleasant sunny day with Meadow Pipits allow the river towpath by the airport, with a splash of white on the underside of their tail and calling as they leave their perches, including the Sea Purslane at low tide on the Adur estuary.
Cuckoo's Corner on the Coombes Road has begun to be landscaped, but this has halted because of Food & Mouth Disease restrictions. A Robin darted amongst the underbush taking advantage of the dislodged invertebrates.
By early evening it is was overcast and raining again, which continued with heavy continuous rain and moderate gales (> Force 7) for the rest of the week. 

2 April 2001
Adur Quality of Life

'Our Shared Vision' the Adur District Council's Agenda 21 Sustainable Development Document is published.
The publication was written and designed by Natalie Brahma-Pearl.

Peacock Butterfly (Photograph by Ray Hamblett)2 April 2001
In St James-the-Less churchyard, Lancing, (TQ 183 056) I spotted Small Tortoiseshell Butterflies maybe two. Also two Comma Butterflies basking close to emerging nettle patch and a Peacock Butterfly landing on a tombstone.
Birds including a warbler with a sharp trill voice and rounded tail with chestnut colour tail feathers, and Blue, Great & Long-tailed Tits.
It was the warmest (16° C) sunniest day of the rain, but by late afternoon it had started raining again.

Report by Ray Hamblett
30 March 2001
Brimstone butterfly is on the wing in North Lancing (urban area) with the first decent sun for weeks. (TQ 182 056)
Report by Ray Hamblett
Adur Butterflies page

24 March 2001
A dry day but the ground is absolutely saturated almost everywhere, the standing water on the Mash Barn, Lancing, is greater than it has been before this winter. 

Mash Barn Fields

Squelchy Southwick Green is being pumped clear of flood water. 

March 2001
The Glaucus journal has been sent out to members of the British Marine Life Study Society.

Lancing Nature & History - April Newsletter
(Link to the web site by Ray Hamblett)

National Floodline, Tel: 0845 988 1188

Adur World Oceans Day 2001
The third meeting to discuss arrangements for this Adur Festival event.
Please express any interest by 16 April 2001 to:
Andy Horton (British Marine Life Study Society)
Natalie Brahma-Pearl (Adur District Council)

Adur World Oceans Day 2000 web page


     Wildlife Records on the Adur eForum (you have to join)

    Wildlife Web Sites

    The British Marine Life Study Society has an alternative web site address for its Homepage only:

    1 August 2000
    The Marine Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic (formerly the British Marine Wildlife Forum)  ***** commences. 



    UK Wildlife eGroups Forum

    Marine Life eFora (Link)


    UK Environment and Planning  EFORUM PAGE

    British Naturalists' Association (link)

    Find the Sites of Special Scientific Interest using this link:
    Friends of the Earth SSSI Navigator


    Words of the Week

    saga  | s |  n.2 E18. [ON (Icel.) = SAW n.2] 1 a An Old Norse prose narrative of Iceland or Norway, esp. one which recounts the traditional history of Icelandic families or of the kings of Norway. E18.  b transf. A narrative regarded as having the traditional characteristics of the Icelandic sagas; a story of heroic achievement. Also, a novel or series of novels recounting the history of a family through several generations; loosely a long and complicated account of a series of events. M19. 2 [Partly after G Sage.] A story which has been handed down by oral tradition and added to or adapted in the course of time; historical or heroic legend. M19.
    1b E. HUXLEY The saga of their trek on footis a fantastic epic. Dance This singular saga of dance history. 2 GEO. ELIOT The old German saga of the Venusberg. R. W. CHAMBERS How much of this is history, and how much saga, it is not easy to say.
    Comb.: saga boy W. Indies a well-dressed lounger, a playboy; saga-man [ON sogu-madr] a narrator of sagas; the hero of a saga.

    atavism  | atvz()m |  n. M19. [Fr. atavisme, f. L atavus great-grandfather's grandfather, forefather, f. at- beyond + avus grandfather: see -ISM.] Resemblance to more remote ancestors rather than to parents; tendency of animals or plants to revert to an ancestral type. atavic  | tavk |  a. = ATAVISTIC M19. atavistic a. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of atavism L19. atavistically adv. L19. 

    visceral  | vs()r()l |  a. L16. [In sense 1 f. OFr., or med.L visceralis in same sense. In senses 2-5 f. prec. + -AL1.] 1 Affecting the viscera regarded as the seat of emotion; pertaining to or reaching deep-seated instinctive feelings. L16.  2 Med. Of disorders or diseases: affecting the viscera. L18. 3 Anat. Of, pertaining to, or consisting of the viscera; situated in or among, or covering, the viscera. E19. 4 Pertaining to the viscera of animals used as a means of divination. rare. M19.
    1 A. CROSS Whoever did it hated him for reasons far more visceral than the usual academic disagreements. J. C. OATES Feeling that stab of visceral horror.
    Special collocations: visceral arch Zool. one of a set of parallel ridges in the region of the mouth in a fish's skull, or in the embryonic skull of a higher vertebrate. visceral brain (now rare) those parts of the brain which mediate bodily activity, esp. visceral activity, in response to emotion. visceral cavity that part of an animal body in which the viscera are contained. visceral cleft Zool. one of the intervals between the visceral arches. visceral hump Zool. a dorsal enlargement containing the viscera in snails and other shelled gastropods. visceral layer Anat. the innermost layer of a serous membrane covering an organ or lining a cavity. visceral pleura: see PLEURA n.1 1.
     Sense 1 obs. after 17: revived M20.
    viscerally adv. M17.

    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. 

    Computer Tips


    Small Publisher

    Computing Net Support Site  (for computing problems) ****

    The upsurge of EFora on all subjects (a few have been recommended before in these bulletins) are an important way in which the Internet will change the world. 
    A list of recommended eFora will appear soon. Please make any suggestions. 

    See the Profusion Search method below.

    Smart Groups

  • Star:  Latest Virus Information 

  • Poem of the Week

    Dinogad's Coat

    Specked, specked, Dinogad's coat,
    I fashioned it with pelts of stoat.
    Twit, twit, a twittering, (? = a-twittering)
    I sang, and so eight slaves would sing.
    When your daddy went off to hunt,
    Spear on his shoulder, club in his hand,
    He'd call the hounds so swift of foot:
    'Giff, Gaff - seek 'im, seek 'im; fetch, fetch.'
    He'd strike fish from a coracle
    As a lion strikes a small animal.
    When to the mountain your daddy would go,
    He'd bring back a stag, a boar, a roe,
    A speckled mountain grouse,
    A fish from Derwennydd Falls.
    Of those your daddy reached with his lance,
    Whether a boar or a fox or a lynx,
    None could escape unless it had wings

    From: Marijane Osborn <mjosborn@UCDAVIS.EDU>
    Seventh century lullaby (known today as "Dinogad's Coat")
    Joseph P. Clancy's translation from the Welsh.

  •  Sussex Web Sites 

  • Historical Snippets

    1651 Royal Escape

    After the Battle of Worcester (3 September), Charles II had to flee from the Cromwellian forces. 

    Having said that, Col Gounter's very reliable eye witness account describes the scene in the early morning of 15 October 1651:
    "The boatman in the meantime went to provide necessaries, and they persuaded the King to take some rest; he did in his clothes, and my Lord Wilmot with him, till towards two o'clock; then the Colonel called them up, and showed them how the time went by his watch; horses being led the back way to the beach, they came to the boat and found all ready. The Colonel then took his leave ... The Colonel waited there with the horses in readiness, in case anything expected happened.

       "At eight o'clock I saw them on sail, and it was the afternoon before they were out of sight. The wind (oh Providence!) held very good till the next morning, to ten o'clock, brought them to a place in Normandy called Fackham, some three miles from Haura de Grace, 15th October, Wednesday. They were no sooner landed, but the wind turned, and a violent storm did arise, insomuch that the boatman was forced to cut his cable, lost his anchor to save his boat, for which he required of me eight pounds, and had it. The
    boat was back again at Chichester by Fryday to take his freight."

    Charles II gave his own version of events to Samuel Pepys in 1660 and to anyone else who would listen from then on. Pepys wrote, using the king's words: "About four o'clock in the morning, myself and the company before named went towards Shoreham, taking the master of the ship with us, on horseback, behind one of our company, and came to the vessel's side, which was not above sixty ton. But it being low water, and the vessel lying dry, I and my Lord Wilmot got up with a ladder into her, and went and lay down in
    the little cabin, till the tide came to fetch us off. ...
       "So about seven o'clock in the morning, it being high water, we went out of the port; but the master being bound for Poole, loaden with sea-coal, because he would not have it seen from Shoreham that he did not go his intended voyage, but stood all the day, with a very easy sail, towards the Isle of Wight (only my Lord Wilmot and myself, of the company, on board).
    And as we were sailing, the master came to me, and desired me that I would persuade his men to use their endeavours with me to get him to set us on shore in France, the better to cover him from any suspicion thereof. ..."

    Prior to this, Gounter made the arrangements with Captain Nicholas Tattersall, whose spelling he rearranged and the details help to fill out the picture. Writing in the third person, Gounter recalled: "After this, the Colonel began to treat with the boatman, Tettersfield by name, asking him in what readiness he was; he answered, 'He could not be off that night, because, for safety, he had brought his vessel into a Creake, ["breake" in Parry's version] and the tide had forsake it, so that it was aground.' It is observable, that all the while this business had been in agitation, to this very time, the wind had been contrary. The King then opening the window,
    took notice that the wind was turned, and told the master of the ship; whereupon, because of that, and the clearness of the night, the Colonel offered ten pounds more to the man to get off at once; but that could not be.... "

     We are putting on an exhibition at Marlipins Museum from 25th May to 30th June to commemorate the 350th anniversary of Charles's escape.

    Helen Poole
    Senior Museums Officer
    Sussex Archaeological Society
    Marlipins Museum
    High Street, Shoreham by Sea, BN43 5DA

    October  1651
    LAT:50º50'N; LON:0º15'W

    14/10/1651  17:09       0.79
    14/10/1651  23:16       6.19
    15/10/1651  05:27       0.77
    15/10/1651  11:31       6.23
    15/10/1651  17:41       0.76
    15/10/1651  23:46       6.24
    16/10/1651  06:00       0.84
    16/10/1651  12:00       6.24
    16/10/1651  18:14       0.82

     Mean High Water Spring Tide is 6.3 metres
    Mean Low Water Spring tide is 0.6 metres

    Kevin Ferguson
    Head of Tidal Predictions

    Location of Harbour Mouth

    The location of the mouth of the River Adur in the 17th c. is touched on in Brookfield in SAC 88 (1949) (map at p. 44) and my Harbours of Sussex (1976).

    The map nearest in date to 1651 is Dummer and Wiltshaw's 1698 survey of harbours on the south coast, copies in British Library, K Mar III, 67, and Bodleian (ref. not to hand, probably in Rawl.). This places the mouth west of Portslade, probably west of the 1815 mouth on the map in Brookfield. It also shows the 'late outlet' 500-600 yards further west - suggesting that some recent event (storm?) had shifted the mouth east. See also John Seller, ed., The English Pilot (1671).

    John Farrant

    1671  A timber wharf is at Kingston.(from the Victorian History of Sussex, with further references).

    John Seller, The English pilot (1671), the second book, the first part, page 4, in summary:

    Shoreham: a tide haven, with 18 feet [on the bar at the mouth] at HWST, 3 feet at LWST and LW common tides, 12 feet a HW common tides. The town is almost a mile within the haven. Vessels drawing 8 to 9 feet can lie afloat at LW a little below the town, but lie dry elsewhere.
    Information supplied by John Farrant.

    John Farrant, UNIVERSITAS Higher Education Management Consultants,
    75 Paddock Lane, Lewes, East Sussex, BN7 1TW, UK
    voice & fax +44 (0) 1273 478 133 email <>
    Visit our **NEW web address**:

    1695  Copperas Gap at Southwick is used for the export of Iron ore to London. (from the Victorian History of Sussex, with further references).

    The Navy Board visits Shoreham with a view of constructing an additional shipyard, but there were problems getting the vessels out summed up as follows: "The haven's mouth is a very dry barr upon the ebbs of spring tides, and the outsea in foul weather throws up extraordinary quantities of beach in the manner of small islands; and whether you go in or out, you meet with great difficulties and hazard."

    Also Dummer and Wiltshaw's 1698 survey of harbours on the south coast, copies in British Library, K Mar III, 67, and Bodleian.

    Reconstructed Map by Andy Horton (on-line link)

    Collated by Andy Horton from information supplied.

    Sussex Archaeological Society

    Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup

    Flintman on Flint (Link)

    Brief History of Shoreham-by-Sea


    For any company or organisation wanting nationwide green publicity, there is an opportunity to sponsor the journal "Glaucus" of the British Marine Life Study Society.

    There remains sponsorship opportunities on the BMLSS (England) web site and other publications, including Torpedo.

    Sponsorship is also available for the Adur Torpedo Electronic News Bulletin and the Shoreham-by-Sea web pages (which preceded the Adur Resource Centre web site), which would be more suitable for a local firm(s).

    Web Site Design Services are available from Hulkesmouth Publishing

    Normal advertisement rules apply.
    Submissions accepted by EMail only.


    Adur Torpedo was written, designed and distributed by Andy Horton.

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