This is the first published
Electronic Newspaper for
Shoreham-by-Sea and the
Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England
28 May 2001: Volume 3 Issue 17
is the 350th anniversary of the Royal Escape
by King Charles II on 15 October 1651 (Modern Calendar) from Shoreham.
There is an Exhibition at the Marlipins to celebrate
After the Battle of Worcester
(3 September), Charles II had to flee from the Cromwellian forces. He eventually
made his way to Bramber were he had to cross the substantial
bridge over the River Adur. The route, now called Monarch's Way runs
over the downs via Thundersbarrow, Whitelot Bottom and Southwick
Hill (although Colonel Gunter's account said they proceeded by
the Shoreham road to Brighton). The story then says he ventured to
Brighthelmstone (Brighton) where he met the skipper of the Surprise, Tattersall,
in a pub called the George. The King and Tattersall and crew boarded the
brig "Surprise" which departed from Shoreham (15
October) for Fécamp in France when the tide was right.
Escape (SussexPast messages, selected)
Razor applied (Accounts of the Escape)
II Messages on Sussex Past (unedited search)
Map of the River Adur course in later medieval times (Link)
get a quick look in at the King Charles II Exhibition at the Marlipins
Museum, Shoreham-by-Sea on 25 May 2001. Quick, because I wanted to take
advantage of what may have been the last fine weather
is at least 30 minutes worth of looking and the exhibition contains much
more information and is better than I expected. More in the next Adur Torpedo.
Oak Apple Day
out you Republicans !
wearing of a sprig of oak on the anniversary of Charlie's crowning (1660)
showed that a person was loyal to the restored king. Those who refused
to wear an oak-sprig were often set upon, and children would challenge
others to show their sprig or have their bottoms pinched. Consequently,
this day became known as Pinch-Bum-Day. In parts of England where oak-apples
are known as shick-shacks, the day is also known as Shick-Shack Day. It
is also likely that the royal association conceals a pagan tradition of
25th Royal Escape
Race from Brighton started this year on 25 May 2001.
precise departure point is a matter of some conjecture. The Surprise was
moored in a creake (creek) and the two most likely possibilities are Copperas
Gap (now part of Southwick in the dip between Fishersgate and Portslade)
and Silver Sands (now part of Shoreham) but this is only my opinion. Copperas
Gap might be the favourite because the Colonel Gounter narrative did not
mention Shoreham, only the King Charles II account mentioned Shoreham as
the actual port of departure.
you favour the King's account, Silver Sands is the better choice. The entrance
of Shoreham Harbour in 1671 was about there (arguable ?) (The
English Pilot 1671).
Downs National Park : Proposed Area
on the URL for the complete map
footpaths to Lancing
Ring are now open.
Sussex County Council announce most paths are now open, unless they are
inhabited or used by farm livestock, or farm animals are nearby.
path from Old Shoreham is officially
Most Public Paths
Unless a path displays this notice (red with white writing):
are welcome to use any public path if you:
on the path and leave gates exactly as you find them.
red "no entry" notices.
go near sheep, cows, goats, pigs, or deer.
go into any field if you canít easily avoid those animals.
you do come across them walk slowly away, retracing your steps if necessary.
leave waste food or litter anywhere and donít feed ANY animal.
dogs on short leads at all times and off all land where livestock are present.
disinfectant where provided.
your boots after each walk.
send any comments to: Andy
large (slightly larger than a goose egg) greenish speckled egg rolled down
Ham Road outside the Morning Star Public House. I suspect that this was
broken egg belonged to one of two pairs of Herring
Gulls reported as trying to breed on the
the large flat roof of the nearby Adur Civic Centre.
by Andy Horton with the breeding information from
Birding Discussion Forum
off Sussex and probably all along the eastern English Channel is exceptionally
clouded with plankton forming long strings in places. This is the species
pouchetti known colloquially as
Slobweed and other names.
Marine Life Study Society News 2001
particularly beautiful damselfly
caught my eye as it settled on Southwick beach promenade wall next to the
timber yard. It had a particularly brilliant metallic emerald green head
and thorax and an elegant metallic light blue abdomen. There did not seem
to be any distinctive markings on the delicate wings. It may be a female
elegans known as the Blue-tailed
this identification is by no means confirmed.
Dragonflies Discussion Group
ctenophore (comb-jelly) Sea Gooseberry,
pileus, is both ubiquitous and superabundant pelagically in the NE
Atlantic Ocean, but on the low springs (0.4 metre) at Kingston
beach in the early evening was only the second time that I have actually
discovered this animal that appears as transparent globules in the prawn
net. In a miniature aquarium, the two long
tentacles tangle underneath and the swimming combs of this tiny ovoid predator
appear to shimmer. At night it is phosphorescent.
Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic Ocean Group
my first sighting this year of Orange Tip
Butterfly but had to go to Sussex
Wildlife Trust HQ at Woods Mill, Small Dole, Sussex.
advantage of the newly re-opened cycleway
from Old Shoreham to Beeding, the adjacent towpath was covered in a fine
mat of grass. A Kingfisher
flew straight as a dart with something large and white in its beak, and
a Peacock Butterfly
settled on the grasses, notable as my personal first note of this butterfly
on these notes. Other butterflies
fluttered amongst the nettles.
the field opposite the Cement Works, on the western side of the Adur
including the towpath, both cows
and sheep grazed.
Nature & History - May 2001 Newsletter
to the web site by Ray Hamblett)
of the Week
Quote for the purposes of
Building with Chalk
It has been noted that 'Chalk
(except for a few special varieties), cannot be successfully used in building
unless it is studied and codified, its weaknesses understood and guarded
against'. Chalk indeed was usually too soft and lacking in durability to
be suitable for building, at least for exteriors, in contrast to the Oolitic'
limestone of the Cotswolds, for example, which provides the finest of building
stones. There are, however, some more compact beds of chalk at the base
of the northern escarpment which contain tiny fragments of shells and other
impurities which produce a more gritty texture. This is called 'clunch',
a word evocatively conveying a sense of its soft, yet dense and resistant
quality. Clunch is hardest in
the Western and the East
Hampshire Downs and was widely used for the exterior walls of farmhouses,
cottages and barns in the Meon valley and eastwards along the northern
escarpment towards Duncton as at Cocking, EIsted and Harting. On account
of its inability to resist rainwater, clunch had to be protected by wide
eaves from rain-bearing winds, and by a foundation course to keep it clear
of the ground, generally a footing of sarsen stone. To a lesser extent
it was used near Lewes, as in barns at Hamsey. Several church interiors
are modelled in clunch, including Burpham in the Arun valley.
Local builders have now forgotten
how to select or handle chalk, and no longer trouble to use it, although
there was a local saying, 'Find Chalk a good hat and shoe and it will serve
from "South Downs" by Peter Brandon (of Shoreham).
ISBN 1 86077 069 X
is a hard chalk used as a building stone - see Coombes Church and many
other similar old buildings.
usually think of Chalk as a 'soft' material, but it is very variable in
colour, composition etc.
What is clunch
in Sussex to AD 1500
of the Week
Dylan has turned 60, I thought I would dredge up something from the
Disillusioned words like
As human gods aim for their
Made everything from toy
guns that spark
To flesh-colored Christs
that glow in the dark
It's easy to see without
looking too far
That not much
Is really sacred.
alright, Ma, I'm only Bleeding (extract)
HISTORY OF ADUR
1) In which year did King
Charles II escape from Shoreham ?
History of Shoreham-by-Sea
2) What King landed at Shoreham
in 1199 and went on went on to be crowned King of England ?
3) In which European city
is there a bridge with a similar design to the old Norfolk Chain bridge
4) Which seaman sailed with
Captain Cook and witnessed his death in Hawaii, and eventually became a
ship's Captain himself ?
5) What is the name of the
church with a Rhenish Saxon tower in Sompting?
Church of St. Mary
in Sompting is the most striking examples of Anglo-Saxon architecture in
all of England. Its primary distinguishing feature is the Rhenish Helm
or Rhineland Helmet of the tower. This is the only known Anglo-Saxon example
of this style. The Saxon timbers can still be found inside the relatively
low spire. The tower also contains Roman bricks. (Link)
6) In what century was the
original bridge over the Adur at Old Shoreham built ?
(18th century) (Link)
7) In which town or village
or parish in Adur was a Roman villa discovered ?
8) What was the former name
of the Marlipins Inn ?
9) What use was previously
put to Lancing Industrial Estate (Commerce Way) south of the railway station
10) In which century was
the Old Fort on Shoreham beach built ?
The Old Fort on the Shoreham Beach side of the Shoreham Harbour entrance
is completed. It was inhabited until 1920.
Archaeological Society EGroup
on Flint (Link)
History Discussion Group
History of Shoreham-by-Sea
CAR RALLY (Afternoon) AND FUN FAIR (Afternoon and Evening)
Adur Festival programme has been delivered to Adur residents and is available
at the Civic Centre with lots of exciting events, including World Oceans
Day, Glastonwick, Beach Dreams, Escape of King Charles II, Marlipins Museum
Exhibitions, Music Workshops and Performances including Richard Durant,
John Renbourne, The Hofners, Harry Strutters, as well as Adult Education,
Art Exhibitions and Talks, Special Religious Services, Comedies and
Adur Civic Centre
4 June 2001 to 15 June 2001 weekdays.
you wish to contribute please contact:
first contact is:
will need details of your exhibits, so the preferred method of the first
communication is by EMail with full details.
on Netscape Composer 4.7