small brown dragonfly on
the path to the Waterworks Road at the steps down in the south-west corner
209 063) was noted because of its dark
green head, and a red fringe on one wing and black on the other pair of
wings. It was probably a Common
Darter Dragonfly, Sympetrum striolatum.
faded (dull coloured) Small Tortoiseshell
Butterfly settled briefly, as did a Speckled
Wood and a handful of Red
the edge of the arable field next to Halewick
Lane, Lancing, a handful of small brownish butterflies
flit past. I was only able to identify the species as the Small
Heath, Coenonympha pamphilus, after
consulting the reference book. The eyespots and the small size make it
adjoining field is covered in a mass of tall and short wild plants that
have settled in since the topsoil was replaced over the landfill
that once occupied this land. The mix of plants is nothing like that would
normally cover downland, it more resembles colonisation of a derelict building
Reports of Small Heath
Sunday's thunderstorms, the sun came out for Bank Holiday Monday and it
was pleasant rather than stifling hot and humid of last week. When I did
not have a film in my camera, all the butterflies and dragonflies stayed
still and posed.
the footpath from the Waterworks Road (southern end) to (TQ 209 063)
to Mill Hill, a Red
Admiral and Painted
Lady Butterfly stayed stationary for minutes
at a time.
this was not as long as a large darter butterfly, which because of its
size, I thought it was an Emperor Dragonfly, but I think it was a Southern
Hawker. The abdomen seemed to have a permanent bend in it as it remained
stationery for long enough to take a whole roll of film if there was any
in the camera. Emperor Butterflies
seem to be always on patrol, and can fly quite high as well.
emerald-green Grasshopper that was in the Buckingham
Arms, Shoreham tonight was probably the Common Green Grasshopper,
viridulus, not the common grasshopper from the meadows south of Lancing
Ring which was probably the Common Field Grasshopper,
damaged before collection for the photograph)
for Katherine Hamblett for catching the grasshoppers in the meadow. But
the one in the Buckingham would not let go. It seemed to like me. I let
it go outside on the flowering plants in the baskets. The Common Green
Grasshopper is a strong flier which would explain its occurrence in Shoreham
are only active in warm weather.
have identified this dragonfly discovered by Allen Pollard at Shermanbury
as the Southern Hawker,
cyanea. It looks a bit like the female Emperor
Dragonfly, Anax imperator.
Bug Reports and Photographs
Dragonfly Society Species Checklist
fly to and from over the shingle beach between Widewater
Lagoon and the sea, their white rear very distinctive, before this
slim bird settles prior to its long migration back to Africa for the winter
months. Three birds were seen by the beach huts. There were probably more.
few Red Admiral Butterflies
appeared to flutter in from the seaward side, but these butterflies are
strong flyers and they may be just be moving from one nectareous plant
was early evening, (7:30 pm with reasonable light) In Dolphin Road, Shoreham,
(TQ 224 055) a very small (scarcely bigger than a thrush) bird of
prey dived headlong into the bramble bush right next to me as I cycled
past. There was no further commotion as the speckled breast bird with a
grey and brown underwing (strongly banded) rose from the bush and rested,
silhouetted, on the roof of the house on the opposite side of the road.
After a wait of over a minute, it disappeared flying as straight as an
arrow. I think this was a juvenile Kestrel,
behaving like a Sparrowhawk as they tend
to in the autumn.
long spring tide went out below Chart Datum
on Kingston beach and there was a meal of large
prawns Paleamon serratus.
The presence of a dozen very small Common Starfish,
rubens, was unusual for this particular shore. There was an interesting
mixture of typical fish and invertebrate intertidal life, with hundreds
of very small (30 - 55 mm) first year Bullheads.
Medium-sized Butterfish, Five-bearded
Rocklings, Sand Gobies, with a few of each
(up to five recorded) and at least one Eel,
Anguilla, under a boulder
were the rock pool fish of note. Common
Hermit Crabs, Long-legged Spider Crabs,
Hairy Crabs, represented
the crab fauna, with the
Crab, common, of course. One or two Shore Crabs were dead and
being consumed by hundreds of Netted Dogwhelks.
Rocklings, young (first year) Corkwing Wrasse,
small Bullheads and very small Squat Lobsters
squamifera, on the middle shore on the low springs that did not
go out far in a blustery breeze (Force 4).
on the Shore
Reeve led the Butterfly
Conservation Society walk at Lancing
Ring. The day was overcast and later it began to rain. On my cycle
route on the path from the Coombes Road before the Chalk Pits to the Mill
Road car park I spotted a Wall Brown Butterfly.
route we followed was through Pat Barton's Wood to the Hay
Meadow. There were few butterflies to
be seen so Brianne Reeve mentioned some of the flowers in the field including
the omnipresent Wild Parsley, Wild Carrot, Dogwood. Mugwort, Herb Basil,
Red Bartsia, and the Hardhead (the smaller
of the Knapweeds, more thistle-like superficially) Centaurea nigra.
Wood and a Gatekeeper
in good condition obliged by opening on the same bramble bush. In the long
grass meadows, the day was overcast so the only way about a hundred each
Common Blue Butterflies and
Browns could be revealed was by flushing
them out with the attendant risk of stepping on some of them, or more likely
stepping on the moths at the bottom of the long grasses.
Shield Bug, Palomena sp, was discovered by Katherine Hamblett.
This little bug is very noticeable because of its shield shape and bright
green colour. The usual species is Palomena prasina, common
on Hazel trees, but there are others.
from Brianne Reeve: The Large White has a greater amount of black border
on its wing than the Small White.
Reeve recommended the out of print pocket guide "Butterflies" by Martin
A. Thomas in the RSNC issue. There is also a Hamlyn guide by the same author.
Plants "Smart Group"
of Lancing Ring
the Harrier Jump-jet roared overhead, in the meadows amongst the scrub
on Mill Hill, the Common
Blue Butterfly was common (100+) clinging,
wings folded, to the stems of long grasses and wild plants, to rise fluttering
in the late summer evening when disturbed. The females are smaller, brown,
decorated with distinctive orange spots on the upperside. There were a
few Chalkhill Blues as
well, some a bit battered and old, others fresher, as well as the omnipresent
also some strongly flying Wall Brown Butterflies.
Discussion Group (for Butterflies and Moths)
Nature & History - August 2001 Newsletter
of the Week
| pstmldi, e- | n. M19. [f. Gk epistemo- comb. form of episteme knowledge,
f. epistasthai know (how to do) + -OLOGY.] The branch of philosophy that
deals with the varieties, grounds, and validity of knowledge.epistemological
a. L19. epistemologically adv. in an epistemological manner; with reference
to epistemology: L19. epistemologist n. L19.
| amb()l | n. & a. Also (earlier) -old. M16. [Alt. of GAMBADE.]
A n. 1 A caper, frisk, or frolic, esp. of a child or an animal; a playful
action. Usu. in pl. M16. 2 A toy, a plaything. L16-M17.
SHAKES. Wint. T. A dance which the wenches say is a gallimaufry of gambols.
S. RICHARDSON A silly poor girl, set up by the gambol of fortune for a
attrib. or as adj. Playful, sportive. L16-M17.
| amb()l | v.i. Infl. -ll-, US-l-. Also (earlier) -old. E16.
[f. as prec., after Fr. gambader.] Leap or spring in dance or play; frolic.
GOLDING The rats jumped and gambolled and played on the mud beach.
| lLmf | v.i. L19. [Portmanteau
word combining gallop and triumph, coined by Lewis Carroll in Through the
Looking-Glass.] Orig., advance exultantly with irregular bounds. Now chiefly,
move in a noisy, ponderous, or clumsy way. Freq. as galumphing ppl a.
LODGE Shrieking and gaspingthey galumphed across the yard. transf.: D.
WILKINSON The statementmaygive the impression that atoms are large, ungainly
| dn | n.1 ME. [Aphet. f. OFr. engin ENGINE n.] 1 Skill, ingenuity.
Also, cunning, craft, artifice. ME-L15. 2 A scheme, a device; a trick.
ME-E18. 3 a An instrument, a tool. ME-E17. b A mechanical contrivance
or device, a machine. arch. LME. 4 A contrivance for catching game etc.;
a snare, a net, a trap. ME. 5 An instrument of torture; spec.
the rack. ME-L16. 6 A military machine for hurling stones or other
missiles. ME-M16. 7 A device for fastening a door or window; a bolt, a
bar. obs. exc. dial. ME. 8 a A hoisting apparatus; spec. a three-legged
crane or derrick. LME. b Mining. A horse- or wind-powered windlass for
pumping, lifting, etc. L17. 9 A machine for separating cotton from its
seeds. M18. 10 Naut. An all-metal tackle block with a skeleton frame. M19.
from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc.