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This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and the Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England

     4 September 2001: Volume 3  Issue 28

Local News

1 & 2 September 2001

at Shoreham Airport

An overcast weekend nearly put a dampener on the Shoreham Air Show. There seemed to be less displays than usual and the crowds were down - I would estimate by about 50% on the Sunday to my estimate of about 15,000.

There was some strange activity in the field at the back of the Sussex Pad and this may have been a replica of a World War I airfield scene complete with a Sopwith Camel biplane. At a distance through my low powered binoculars (from the towpath outside Adur Metal Works), I could see not clearly. 

Round the World in 30 Days

4 September 2001
Simon Oliphant-Hope on an Eastern Atlantic Helicopter leaves today from Shoreham Airport on a round the world trip. The route travels over Russia and will cross the Bering Strait.

South Downs National Park : Proposed Area

Click on the URL for the complete map

West Sussex County Council announce most paths are now open, unless they are inhabited or used by farm livestock, or farm animals are nearby. 

The cycle path from Old Shoreham is officially open.

Weather Forecast

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

Wildlife Notes

29 August 2001
The first Humming Bird Hawk-Moth, Macroglossum stellatarum, of this year buzzed around the Buddleia bushes on the path to the Waterworks Road (TQ 209 063). After the rain shower, there were no butterflies or dragonflies, only a species of yellow moth. The Grey Herons had left the meadows to feed at the low tide neaps on the River Adur north of the fly-over. Under the Railway Viaduct, tiny Common Goby fry, Pomatoschistus sp., were present in their thousands amongst the small clumps of Irish Moss, (a seaweed) Chondrus crispus

Common Goby (Photograph by Andy Horton)

These fish would be too small (20 mm) and quick to excite the interest of even the Black-headed Gulls

Lancing Nature & History - August 2001 Newsletter 

Poem or Literature

‘They outdo all others in brutality. Ungovernable, entirely at home at sea, they attack unexpectedly. When they are ready to sail home they drown or crucify one in ten of their victims as a sacrifice, distributing the iniquity of death by the equity of lot.’

Sidonius Appollinaris, landowner, poet and later bishop, writing of the Anglo-Saxons in 470 AD

See Historical Snippet

    Historical Snippets

    350 years ago on  3 September 1651, the Battle of Worcester took place.

    The Sealed Knot
    English Civil War Re-enactment
    A Brief History of the Civil Wars 

    Cromwellian Soldier from the Marlipins Museum Exhibition[Extract]
    The Scots Army had, meanwhile, recovered from its defeat and after rebuilding and re-equipping invaded England on August 6th, 1651. Moving rapidly the Scots, supported by a number of English Royalist sympathisers, occupied Worcester on August 22nd. Cromwell pursued and, after defeating the Earl of Derby at Wigan on August 25th, attacked the Royalists at Worcester on September 3rd. The resultant battle was a disaster for the King and he fled the field in fear of his life (it was during the flight after Worcester that Charles was hidden in an oak tree to avoid his would-be captors). Charles fled to France and was to remain in exile until the anarchy which followed Cromwell's death in 1658 caused Englishmen to call for a return of the King and stable government. Charles II landed at Dover, an acknowledged King, on May 25th, 1660.

    The Battle of Worcester 1651
    Books to Read cv5.htm

    The Battle of Worcester 1651
    Commemoration Events 2001
    'A King in Hiding' Day School at Moseley Old Hall

    Essex Men at the Battle of Worcester
    by David Appleby
    Photo from "The English Civil War
    Recreated in Colour Photographs"

    King Charles II ws on the run before finally escaping from near Shoreham on 15 October 1651.

    Extracts from the Time Team web page:

    Germanic Tribes (Anglo-Saxon) in England from the 5th century

    The standard home appears to have been what archaeologists call a ‘sunken featured building’ (SFB), but there is also some evidence for the continued use of Roman buildings as well. SFBs used to lead archaeologists to believe that people lived in squalor (thus confirming popular misconceptions about the ‘Dark’ Ages) because they are usually found full of domestic rubbish. However, that is now considered unlikely and the current theory is that the sunken level is an underfloor cavity that would have been used for storage.

    One of example of the sunken building is the weaving hut at Erringham, on the downs north of Shoreham.

    7th century
    This is the probably date of the settlements ending in 'ing' between the Adur and the Arun.
    The barrow burial site at Old Erringham is dated to this century. A solitary copper alloy ansated brooch, Frankish ? (parallel types from the Netherlands) unlike others found in Sussex, from Old Erringham is dated from the 8th century.

    Reply from Jason Finch
    Horsham Museum
    on Sussex Past

    Loom Weight from the SFB at Old ErringhamThe current thinking about SFB does seems to be that they were used as work
    huts with (possibly) some sort of flooring and the 'sunken' bit used for storage though I think the evidence for flooring is limited, but absence of evidence is not evidence of least that was the 'current' theory about three years ago when I was doing a BA in Archaeology.  As to who develop the idea, I can't quite remember (notes and books still in packing boxes after move) but I think it partly came down to practical experimentation.  I know from one I've been involved in that the 'sunken' section is prone to flooding, unless you aid some sort of drain (so far I don't know of any excavations that have mentioned this). 

    I think the old idea that people lived in holes was really due to the idea that the Romans left and took 'civilisation' with them and that those horrible Saxons were
    only one step above the animals they farmed and that the best thing that ever happened to them was they were conquered by the Normans-Archaeology
    being used to support political interpretations of history I'm afraid (of course would never happen now...).  It's only when archaeologists stopped trying to make the evidence fit commonly accepted views of the past and think practically about things that these old myths started to change.

    Think about it logically, you dig a hole and build a roof over it and live in the hole, piling your rubbish up around you, in a country where it rains a lot, water collects in holes.  To think that such a theory was ever widely accepted really shows that people have not always really thought about the past sensibly.  Only a fool (or a Hobbit) would live in a hole in the ground, if you can build walls and a roof, you can lay down floor boards or something...and if you can go to all the bother of digging a hole for your hut, you can dig a rubbish pit...or chuck the rubbish outside rather than live in it.  Part of the problem is how long they were used for and whether the rubbish found was deposited when the building was in use.  Old disused SFBs could have been used as rubbish dumps.  Of course, the 'great' thing about modern archaeology is that (supposedly) any theory about the past is as valid as any other, so long as the theory can not be disproved (and it
    has some sort of supporting evidence).

    As to SFBs being evidence of greater habitation, now we tend to look at sites in context of what is around them  (TT last night was a good example) rather than alone, we 'realise' that they were only one part of a settlement pattern, or land use, or people being active in the environment. 

    History of Shoreham

    Words of the Week

    situla  | stjl |  n. Pl. -lae  | -li | , -las. L19. [L = bucket.] Archaeol. A vessel resembling a bucket in shape.situlate  | stjlt | , situliform adjs. having the form of a situla M20.

    phatic  | fatk |  a. E20. [f. Gk phatos spoken or phatikos assertory: see -IC.] Of speech or speech sounds: serving to establish or maintain social relationships rather than to impart information.

    paradigm  | pardLm |  n. L15. [Late L paradigma f. Gk paradeigma example, f. paradeiknunai show side by side, f. as PARA-1 + deiknunai to show.] 1 An example; a pattern followed; a typical instance; an epitome; Philos. a mode of viewing the world which underlies the theories and methodology of science in a particular period of history. L15.  2 Gram. A list serving as an example or pattern of the inflections of an inflected part of speech. L16.
    1 T. EAGLETON In the drive for order history selects criticism as both paradigm and instrument of such a project. Scientific American The momentous discovery of universal gravitationbecame the paradigm of successful science.
    Comb.: paradigm case a case or instance to be regarded as representative or typical.
    paradigmatic  | -dmatk |  a. [Gk paradeigmatikos] of the nature of a paradigm; exemplary; Ling. belonging to a set of linguistically associated or interchangeable forms: M17.  paradigmatical a. paradigmatic L16-L18. paradigmatically  | -dmatk()li |  adv. (chiefly Ling.) as a paradigm, by means of a paradigm, in terms of a paradigm M19.  paradigmatize v.t. present as a model, make an example of M17-E18.

    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc.

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