Adur Valley

by Andy Horton

The River Adur has its source in the South Downs, southern England and cuts its way through the soft chalk to its mouth at the port town of Shoreham-by-Sea.

(pronounced AY-DERR)

The River Adur rises four miles south of Horsham and runs south-east skirting Coolham, Shipley and West Grinstead before meeting the eastern tributary midway between Ashurst to the west and Henfield to the east. The eastern tributary rises in two tributaries south of Haywards Heath, and south Hassocks that meet at Twineham. The River Adur reaches the sea at Shoreham-by-Sea where the mouth has been deflected two miles to the east by the longshore drift. Going upstream with the incoming tide through the centre of New Shoreham, the flood tide will flow under seven bridges before it reaches the village of Bramber after 6.4 km (4 miles). The river then passes about one mile east of the town of Steyning. The estuary is tidal for 17.9 km (11.1 miles) from the mouth to Bines Bridge on the B.2135. Ref. (link). The widest part of the estuary (excluding inlets) measured in a direct north-south line from the Bridge Hotel slipway (Norfolk Bridge) to Riverbank, Shoreham beach is approx 350 metres wide on a flood spring tide of 6 metres and above.
 
 

Shoreham from the south (Photograph by Andy Horton)

The new Adur Ferry Bridge
Opening Day 13 November 2013 & under construction March 2013

At low tide the River Adur cuts a narrow fast running channel through the mud flats in the middle of Shoreham-by-Sea as it rushes out to sea through the two long piers that mark the entrance to Shoreham Harbour.

The river is at its most interesting at mid-tide when half the mud flats are revealed. The mud flats become a roost for gulls and other birds, especially during the winter. Waders and birds on the mud include Ringed Plover, Dunlins and Lapwing, which are all commonly seen in the colder months.  Redshanks sound the first warning at the anticipation of danger. Boats and wooden posts are occupied by Cormorants fanning their wings after feeding on eels and flatfish.
Estuary Wildlife

Andy Horton presents an illustrated talk for children and another one for adults called a "A Portrait of the River Adur". Please enquire about talks and the  the presentation package for schools.

PROJECT RIVER ADUR
Education Resource for Schools


Adur Bath Tub Race (link)

The river is build up on both sides through the low-lying flood plain and their are few marshes or wetlands aside the river. Flooding occurred at the beginning of the century at Bramber (notably in 1904) but this rarely occurs. There are pleasant walks on the towpaths on both sides of the river, from Shoreham-by-Sea to Bramber, with the passage passable for bicycles, if you can put up with lifting your bicycle over a few stiles.

Patchwork Adur (Photograph by Andy Horton)

Patchwork landscape of the Adur Valley from Mill Hill


River Adur at Beeding

The River Adur at low tide, looking south-east towards the downs north of Mill Hill in the background.
The footbridge on the right in the photograph is the part of the South Downs Way after it descends steeply into the Adur Valley. This part of the river is between one and two miles north of Old Shoreham and the Toll Bridge.



The only large fish recorded as native to the fresh water part of the river is the Brown Trout. Coarse fish have been stocked, including fine specimens of Tench, Bream, Carp, Chub* and Rudd.  Flounders, Eels, Grey Mullet, Sand Smelt and Bass are present in the estuary during summer and autumn.

Chub released at * Tenchford Bridge (near Shipley) and Lock Farm (February 1999) western arm of the Adur.

The Sakeham catchment area for the east tributary covers 93.3 sq. km and runs through Weald clay where there is a rapid run-off for 54% of the precipitation, and to the north of the main run of the east river there is sandstone where there is natural water storage and the flow in the river is less affected by the immediate rainfall. 


(It is not easy to explain the steepness of the eastern and western boundaries of the Adur Valley cutting through the South Downs north of Shoreham, although they may have been created by melt water during periglacial times).
Explanation (in the course of completion: at first draft stage)
Also, see  Devil's Dyke South Downs site 
At about
AD 965 the shoreline was different from the present. The River Adur was navigable as far upstream as Beeding or Bramber about four miles to the north of Old Shoreham. At the time of Edward the Confessor (1042-1066) ships could reach St. Cuthmans (Portus Cuthmanni) (Steyning),  a further mile north, which was a thriving port. The first bridge crossing at Bramber erected  at the time of Bramber Castle (now in ruins) about AD 1086 sometimes prevented  navigation further upstream (1103). A timber quay was erected at Bramber about this time (between AD 1010 and 1170).

Link to the Old River Course in Medieval Times

Origin of the name Adur

The name "Adur" arose from a mistake in interpretation of 5th century Roman documents for Portus Adurni, which was originally claimed to be in what is now the Adur estuary, but now thought to be at Portchester*. The name appeared in Michael Drayton's 'Polyolbion' in the 17th century (1612). (*other claims, but almost certainly not Shoreham or any other places on the current Adur.)

The new Adur Swing Bridge at high tide

The river has also been known as the Sore (Holinshed's Chronicle 1577). This is likely to be because of back-formation. Back-formation is the reverse of affixation, being the analogical creation of a new word from an existing word falsely assumed to be its derivative. (i.e. Sore arose after the name Shoreham and not the other way round).
In late Saxon times the river was known as be eastern bremre, ofer bremre 956 (Bramber).
Toponymy:  Shoreham-by-Sea and Adur

River Adur at Dusk
View of the Adur Ferry Bridge from the Norfolk Bridge


Important Places in the Adur Valley:
 
 

LancingShoreham-by-Sea

Shoreham-by-Sea

Chanctonbury Ring

Coombes

Steyning

Lancing Wildlife & History

Lancing Ring

Sompting

Stretham

Shermanbury (Adur Valley)

Upper Beeding
Upper Beeding (2)
 
 
 

Botolphs (church of St. Botolphs)
Upper Beeding (church of St. Peter)
Bramber (church of St. Nicholas)

Henfield

East:

Twineham
Wineham
Hickstead

West:

Partridge Green
West Grinstead
Shipley
Coolham
Cowfold


   Internet Services/Web Page Design
 

If you do not receive a reply or acknowledgement to an EMail within four weeks, please write again
 
 

ADUR VALLEY EFORUM PAGE


Adur District Council (External)
Adur On-Line (External)
Adur District: Political
Adur:  Nature Notes 2008
Adur:  Nature Notes 2002

Adur Wildlife 2007
Adur Wildlife Gallery (Image Portfolio)
Adur Wildlife Gallery (CD-ROM only)
Adur World Oceans Day 2008

Chalk Rivers Biodiversity (JNCC)
Estuary Wildlife & Environment
First Millennium (start of)
Lancing College
Map of the Adur Area
River Adur Slide Show (by Ray Hamblett)
Salt-making (Saxon-Norman, History file)
Shermanbury (Adur Valley
Shoreham-by-Sea Home Page
Shoreham-by-Sea Wildlife Habitats

Shoreham Sailing Club (External)
Sussex Archaeological Society
Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup
Sussex Ornithological Society
Toll Bridge Comparisons
West Sussex County C.C. Population Statistics
Widewater Lagoon
Zones of the Lower River Adur

THE ADUR ESTUARY
A SURVEY OF THE MARINE FLORA AND FAUNA
1960 TO 1992
 



Shoreham-by-Sea

Link to Shoreham-by-Sea Homepage


Shoreham-by-Sea 2 
Modern map, Bungalow Town, Ancient Times
Shoreham-by-Sea 3
Wildlife Habitats
Shoreham-by-Sea 4
Housing, Historical Snippets

Shoreham Lifeboat Station
Knowhere Shoreham-by-Sea Shoreham Sailing Club

Shoreham Rowing Club

Shoreham-by-Sea 5
Cycling Routes
Shoreham-by-Sea 6
History in the Making
Shoreham-by-Sea 7
Index
Marlipins Maritime Museum Adur Political Shoreham Beach
Shoreham-by-Sea 8 Shoreham-by-Sea 9  Events Shoreham-by-Sea 10
Public Houses
Shoreham Residents Homepages Shoreham  Local Organisations Homepages

WILDLIFE HABITATS


 Chalk Downs
 Coastal Fringe
 Intertidal (Seashore)
 Lancing Ring
 River Adur Estuary
 River Adur Flood Plain
 Sea (off Sussex)
 Town & Gardens
 Widewater Lagoon

Local Wildlife Links  (SE England)

Adur Nature Notes
Adur Valley Wildlife
Coots on the River Adur (Photograph by Andy Horton)Dungeness, Kent, England
Havant Nature Notes
Lancing Ring
Orford Ness:  Coastal Ecology of a Shingle Bank (excellent references)
Ralph Hollins Nature Pages  (Chichester Harbour area)
Rye Harbour Nature Reserve
Rockpooling Page
Seashore Page
Shingle Coast  (Coastal Fringe of Shoreham Beach)
Shoreham-by-Sea Wildlife Page
Sussex Archaeological Society
Sussex Archaeological Society  EGroup
Sussex Archaeology & Folklore
Sussex Wildlife Web Sites


The footbridge can be closed for pedestrians, and opened to allow the passage of boats (if advance notice is given).TowpathDowns north of Old ShorehamSouth Downs Way footbridgeAndy Horton, Webmaster