Fungi of Shoreham
Autumn 2005 >

including the Adur Levels, Mill Hill and cyclepath to Upper Beeding

Adur Fungi 2006 Reports (Link)
14 December 2005
The small Candle Snuff Fungus, Xylaria sp., in the the designated footpath (between the Waterworks Road and the Steyning Road, Old Shoreham) have grown large enough to just about warrant a photograph. 

The precise species is not identified and is under enquiry. It does not appear to be Xylaria hypoxylon as it does not have the miniature deer antler appearance. It was in the middle of the path through the spinney of Field Maple and other small trees. 

5 December 2005
Along the Coombes Road a few large trees had been felled. The harmful Honey Fungus was evident and on one heavily lopped tree there was a bracket fungus at least 60 cm in the diameter of its semi-circular appearance.
Adur Levels 2005

Pale Wax Cap22 November 2005
In the Triangle area (middle slopes) of Mill Hill there were over a dozen small mushrooms called the Pale Wax Cap, Hygrocybe berkeleyi, (known on the British Mycological List as Hygrocybe pratensis var pallida) near the seat. The largest had a cap diameter of 38 mm, and the tallest was at least 50 mm high.
Adur Hygrocybe

8 November 2005
Hygrocybe chlorophana Dermoloma Dermoloma Volvariella gloiocephala

All the fungi recorded had been seen before and those identifications are used again for a dozen or so Golden Wax Caps, Hygrocybe chlorophana, discovered on the A27 road embankment (Mill Hill Cutting) just east of the bridge section where it crosses the Waterworks Road; a handful of clumps of the small Dermoloma* mushrooms totalling about a dozen on the Pixie Path approach to Mill Hill from the Waterworks Road; a small Panaeolus sphinctrinus amongst the grass (not the dung as usual which was not observed) on Frampton's Field;and a large intact species that I was so sure it was Volvariella gloiocephala that I did not inspect it for its volva. This last one was on the edge of the meadow north of the car park on Mill Hill. Its gills were brown.
*Later (2014) the species was thought to be the Crazed Cap, Dermoloma cuneifolium.

7 November 2005
The Sulphur Tufts, Hypholoma fasciculare, from Windlesham Gardens illustrated below begin to crack and show white lines across their caps.
Adur Sulphur Tufts

3 November 2005

Sulphur Tufts

Sulphur Tuft, Hypholoma fasciculare, is such a common species of fungus that it only just about gets a mention. In these photographs of a clump on a tree stump in Windlesham Gardens, Shoreham, they are further developed (than shown below) and the stem ring can now be clearly seen.

2 November 2005

Wood Blewitts Wood Blewitts Sulphur Tuft (ring not developed yet) Sulphur Tuft

Sulphur Tufts

After the rain the designated footpath (between the Waterworks Road and the Steyning Road, Old Shoreham) produced a two species of mushrooms growing in the soil amongst the leaf litter of Field Maple: Sulphur Tuft, Hypholoma sublateritium, with gills with a blue tinge and Sulphur Tuft, Hypholoma fasciculare, with a yellow tinge to its gills (although this would not reproduce in a photograph).

30 October 2005
On the long grass verge island in The Drive, Shoreham, outside number 40, there was a smallish Dryad's Saddle (toadstool) amongst the grass with a large (about 15 cm) cap that had become inverted. There was probably a root underneath as this large fungus usually grows on wood, usually found on tree stumps of felled trees or rotten logs.
28 October 2005
The mushrooms on the right were discovered on the ridge of Mill Hill, before the steep drop on to the lower slopes
The first mushroom has a cap diameter of 18 mm and a height of 50 mm. It was found in short grass. The second mushroom from the same area was substantially larger with a cap diameter of 40 mm, a thicker stem at a height of 45 mm. 
27 October 2005
The mushrooms on a rotten log on the the Coastal Link cyclepath near the first layby (from the south) on the Steyning Road had grown considerable larger after the recent rain and are illustrated by the photographs on the right. The suggested species is Agrocybe aegerita (= cylindracea). 

The largest mushroom measured 90 mm cap diameter with a curved stem that was at least 120 m long. Although from the images it looks like they were surrounded by grass, they were actually growing on a burnt log.
25 October 2005
There were two Common Inkcaps in the Field Maple Spinney between the Steyning Road and the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham. 
Shoreham Fungi 2005

The image shows one broken off and inverted. 

Ink Caps
23 October 2005
White Dapperling, Leucoagaricus leucothites.
This small mushroom had brown gills and a cap diameter measured at 17 mm. Its height was 38 mm with a white stem. It was growing amongst the short sward on the lower slopes of Mill Hill This mushroom is the same individual fruiting body as the one on the left. 
This is probably a Psathyrella species.
Although found in the short turf north of the Reservoir on Mill Hill, it was about the same size and appearance to the mushroom on the left.  White Dapperling,
Leucoagaricus leucothites. from the lower slopes of Mill Hill.
The small insect is assumed to be one of the springtails*

* Tomocerus longicornis  (ID suggestion by Paul Boswell on the British Beetles Yahoo Group.)
The small white Candle-snuff Fungi are now appearing.

22 October 2005
This small mushroom had a cap diameter of 8 mm. It was growing with moss next to the mushroom below on the designated footpath (between the Waterworks Road and the Steyning Road, Old Shoreham). This mushroom beside the verge of the Steyning Road (near Old Shoreham) was  brittle and its stem broke very easily.  With a similar brittleness, the mushroom was probably a fresher version of the the one on the left. Its cap diameter was measured at 30 mm and height estimated at 65 mm. It was probably growing in soil. This small fungus was growing on a rotten log on the the Coastal Link cyclepath near the first layby (from the south) on the Steyning Road. Its cap diameter was estimated at 12 mm. 
I think this is the Honey Fungus.

20 October 2005
Rooting Shank

The designated footpath (between the Waterworks Road and the Steyning Road, Old Shoreham) produced a two mushrooms growing in the soil amongst the leaf litter of Field Maple. I have tentatively identified this species as the Rooting Shank, Oudemansiella radicata. The stem was quite strong and could not be broken easily, although one of the mushrooms was easily uprooted. The height of the fungus was measured at 90 mm and the cap diameter as 50 mm.
Link to an Image showing the rooting attachment
Adur Levels 2005

14 October 2005

There were over a dozen large Agaricus mushrooms growing under a ? tree in Southdown Road, Shoreham. They looked edible. The cap diameters of two of the opened up mushrooms were measured at 60 mm and 70 mm. These mushrooms deliquesced very quickly and two stored specimens were inedible the following day. These are probably the edible Field Mushroom, Agaricus campestris.

9 October 2005

A half a dozen fresh Shaggy Parasol Mushrooms, Macrolepiota rhacodes, were growing amongst a pile of leaves in the twitten between Corbyn Crescent and Adelaide Square, Shoreham, on the edge of the Middle Road allotments. Their average cap diameter was a measured 73 mm and their height was over 100 mm.
Shoreham Urban Wildlife 2005

13 September 2005
On the large pile of horse dung in Frampton's Field (north of The Street, Old Shoreham) there was a large number of mushrooms.

They looked like Panaeolus sphinctrinus to my inexperienced eye.

4 September 2005
There was Honey Fungus Mushrooms (a pest species of trees) on the Hawthorn scrub immediately to the north of the lower slopes of Mill Hill.

1 September 2005

There was a Dryad's Saddle, Polyporus squamosus, attached to the base of a wooden sculpture on the Coastal Link cyclepath near the first layby (from the south) on the Steyning Road.

3 August 2005

This small mushroom was found on the grass on the shingle near Old Fort. The photograph is probably not good enough for identification. The cap is about 25 mm in diameter. I neglected to measure the long stem of about 100 mm. It could be a Coprinus, one of the Ink Caps?

Reports up to the Summer of 2005 (Link)

Introduction to Fungi
Wild Mushroom Pickers' Code of Conduct
Ectomycorrhizal Fungi
Fungal Reference List

Fungi Images on the Web (Index)
Mycologist's Glossary

Adur Levels

Fungi of Lancing
Fungi of Shoreham
Adur Fruiting Bodies Database
Lancing Fungi Gallery (by Ray Hamblett)
Fungi of the British Isles (Yahoo Group)
Lancing Clump Supplementary
Autumn 2004 Fungi of Mill Hill
Fungi Images on the Web (Index)
Fungi of the Urban Adur Area in November 2004

Link to Adur Valley Nature Notes 2003Link to the Adur Nature Notes 2004 Index pageLink to Adur Nature Notes 2005  Index page