According to the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle (AD 477) three Saxon ships arrived in a part of Britain which
was to be later known as Sussex at a place called
Cymenes ora. King
Aelle (d. c. 514) accompanied by three sons Cymen, Wlenca and Cissa landed
from Gaul (France). In 465 (485) they fought the British at what is probably
a boundary stream called Mearc redes burna*.
None of these places have been identified with modern locations. Later
they besieged Anderitum (now Pevensey) and killed all the Britons
living there. The town to the west of Shoreham
is called Lancing from Wlenca, and a few miles further to the west,
Cissbury Ring acquired its name (at a later date) from Cissa. Evidence
of early Saxon (pre AD 500) occupation of the area to the west of
Shoreham is confirmed by barrow burial finds, but the main area of early
Saxon occupation appears to be near Seaford and Pevensey 15 -20 miles to
the east. Addenda: towns to the west of Shoreham are especially numerous
with the Saxon ending 'ing'.
(It is possible that the Saxons arrived as settlers rather than an invasion
force. The warrior status of the Saxons may have been embellished as the
text was written at a later date, maybe 9th or 10th century). The Anglo-Saxons
brought their own language within them which replaced the native tongue.
The Saxons in this area became known as the South Saxons.
Information on Lancing (by Ray Hamblett)
1086 DB is the first recorded name. The absence of the "W" in front of
Lancing has not got a good? explanation? It is possible that the origin
of Lancing from Wlenca is wrong?)
Church of St. Mary in Sompting is one of the most striking examples of
Anglo-Saxon architecture in all of England. Its primary distinguishing
feature is the Rhenish Helm or Rhineland Helmet of the tower. This is the
only known Anglo-Saxon example of this style. The Saxon timbers can still
be found inside the relatively low spire. The tower also contains Roman
gemaere c. 956
The largest school Chapel
in the UK is at Lancing College
(on the hill on the opposite of the River Adur
to Mill Hill in the town of Lancing).
It has a capacity of 600. The height of the chapel is 45.7 metres (150
ft). (Comparative: the height of St.
Mary de Haura Church, Shoreham is 25 metres, and the height of the
New Power Station Chimney in Shoreham Harbour
is 100 metres.)
of the Adur Valley
Reed Beds (Sompting)
of Lancing (Ray Hamblett)
of Shoreham (Andy Horton)
to St. Mary's Church, Sompting (External site)
Notes for Lancing Ring
(British) External site