Adur Lichens

NB:  I am a complete novice to lichens without the proper reference book. Identifications are just first best guesses, without confirmation. Macro photography may be required for close-up with more detail.

6 October 2017

Lichens on a Blackthorn
Old Shoreham

10 May 2008

This small moth flew into the shade. The lichens were on the chestnut fencing of the Pixie Path to Mill Hill.

2 March 2006
Recorded on a branch of a small tree (species not noted) in the Maple Spinney footpath at the south end of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham On the chestnut fencing struts, on the Pixie Path (west-east, middle section) to Mill Hill On the chestnut fencing struts, on the Pixie Path (west-east, middle section) to Mill Hill

18 January 2006

One tree on the upper slopes of Mill Hill sported at least four of the common local lichens. The images are from two separate trees.
13 January 2006

There appears to be new growths of the Cladonia Pixie Cup Lichens on the broken chestnut fencing at the top of the Pixie Path by the tall garden hedge.

The green leaves are called "squamules" from which the "podentia" grow. I am not sure of the identity of these lichens without the reference but they could be Cladonia coniocrae

16 April 2005

This lichen was on a damp branch on the Waterworks Road. I think this may be identical to a light coloured green specimen photographed below and has gone dark green because of the water.

18 March 2005


Lichens (photographed above) on fallen fences next to the Pixie Footpath adjacent to the horse fields on the way to Mill Hill,

16 March 2005

Cladonia Pixie Cup Lichen
Evernia prunatri
ID by Jenny Seabright
 Click on the image, for some idea of the scale. Phil Barnett; it looks like Flavoparmelia caperata

Lichens (photographed above) on fallen fences next to the Pixie Footpath adjacent to the horse fields on the way to Mill Hill, proved difficult because of their small size and their apparent preference for the shade.
Pixie Cups and other epixylic organisms (Local Link)
Hawthorn on the southern part of Mill Hill coloured yellow-orange with the Xanthoria lichens on the southern side
Lichens on Hawthorn in the sheltered scrubby areas of Mill Hill
Lichens on Hawthorn in the sheltered scrubby areas of Mill Hill

March 2005

Lichens (above) on the headstones of St. Mary de Haura Church, New Shoreham.
Lichen on an Oak in Buckingham Park, Shoreham Lichens on concrete between Botolphs and the River Adur 
Lecanora calcarea  ?
Lichens on a tree near Beeding Cement Works, next to the cyclepath

Cuckoo's Corner Lichens (Link)
River Hulk Lichens

12-13 February 2005
 In passing I made a cursory look at the lichens in St. Mary de Haura Churchyard, Shoreham, but there only seemed to be the yellow Xanthoria lichens and the grey-blue-white species illustrated below.  In addition there was a white species that could be mistaken for render on a flint wall. It is frequently found on brick garden walls in the green parts of town and is photographed on the right.  This could be Lecanora dispersa ? which is the commonest lichen in Britain. This looks like it could be identical to the grey-blue-white lichen.

 8 February 2005
Lichens on Alder Lichens on Alder

With very little of natural interest, I took a closer look at the lichens on the trees and bushes of Mill Hill. The pictures above show the lichens of most interest. The ones with the miniature black tar-like globules in the photographs were not seen before in Shoreham town, but I may have overlooked them. They are probably a reasonably common species. These lichens were photographed on Italian Alder but were to be found on the Hawthorn as well. The lichen on Hawthorn is possibly a different species.
Mill Hill Lichen Report

CladoniaThe yellow Xanthoria lichens decorate or mar (depending on your taste) the appearance of roof tiles throughout the district and I daresay throughout Sussex and England as well.

On the path leading to Mill Hill, I noted and photographed a few lichens, mosses and other growths on wood. The photograph on the right shows the podentia of a Cladonia Pixie Cup Lichen.

30 January 2005
The following lichens were recorded on trees in Buckingham Park, Shoreham.

23 January 2005
The grey-white lichens were found on the sandstone rock garden and stream by the garden pond of the back garden of 40 The Drive (near Buckingham Park), (TQ  219 063) and are common on walls in The Drive, Shoreham. There may be more than one species of grey lichens. This could be the genus Lecanora campestris. I am unsure about the species.

The yellow Xanthoria lichens were also present but were most often to be seen on the roof tiles of the houses.

6 January 2005
This greyish-blue coloured lichen is common on walls in the town centres, even walls built only 30 years ago. The photographs were taken on the flint wall surrounding Hove (East Sussex) Cemetery at the PC World (eastern) boundary. 

This could be Pertusaria which was photographed on a tree a year ago. 

5 January 2005
I did not have my close-up spectacles on and although there appeared to be two lichens on the same Hawthorn tree as below, I did not wade through the mud to examine the species (photographed on the right) under a magnifying glass. The greeny-yellow species appears to be Flavoparmelia caperata, and the silvery-bluish lichen is not really clear enough for a positive identification. It is possibly the species Parmelia laevigata,or is it Physcia? Or could  it be Lecanora sp.?
These lichens were discovered on a Hawthorn tree on the Spring Dyke by Miller's Stream. The lichens may or may not have been stripped from the bark. One branch was damaged, probably by machinery that cuts down the reeds in late autumn, but possibly by Roe Deer

My inexperienced identification is the species Flavoparmelia caperata (=Parmelia).

4 January 2005
Xanthoria calcicola
(may be the same genus but a different species?)
The flash has made the colour go awry on this photograph
Click on the image for colour corrected images

The wooden fence separating the shingle from the concrete promenade has probably been there for over fifty years. There are two common and distinctive lichens growing well above high tide limit (in air laden with salt spray in the breeze that was steady Force 6  gusting to gales, with white crests to the foamy sea waves breaking up to a metre in height) and these were the yellow and blue-green species illustrated above.

Mid-December 2004
The lichen Ramalina farinacea photographed by Ray Hamblett on Lancing Ring is a species only be to be found in areas of low pollution.
NB: This does not actually seem to be entirely the case as the lichen has been seen by me near very busy road embankments (e.g. the Pixie Path next to the Mill Hill Cutting, Old Shoreham).

Ramalina farinacea (Photograph by Ray Hamblett) 

Photograph by Ray Hamblett (Lancing Nature)
Lancing Lichens
15 December 2004
Malthouse Meadows, Lancing
21 December 2004
Xanthoria parietina : a very common species
On the sunny side of Sycamore trees immediately north of the Hamm, Shoreham town
16 September 2004
Xanthoria parietina
Lichens covered the branches of the Elderberry Trees
on the footpath approach to Mill Hill from the Waterworks Road
10 November 2004
  Close-up (click)
Under Field Maple, near the Waterworks Road

4 January 2004
Lichen on a town tree, in Buckingham Park (above and right)

20 May 2003

Xanthoria sp.

  Recommended ID reference sources:

  by Dobson, Frank S.

  Published Price: £30.00
  ISBN: 0855461454
  Edition: 3r.e.of "Lichen

  Published by: Richmond Pub.Co.

  Publication Date: 01 March 1992

Lichen Identifier: A Multi-Access Key to the Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland
Frank S Dobson
48 pages, dist maps, 400 col photos.
Frank S Dobson

This is a simple to use multi-access computer key that enables the user to find the species name of any British or Irish lichen. It is divided into field and microscopical characters and any information available may be entered in any order to obtain a solution. With the majority of species, a few characters, noted in the field, are sufficient to identity the species.
A brief note on each species further assists separation of similar species.

British Lichen Society

Lichen List for Sussex

Lancing Lichens