Black-headed Gull in flight (Photograph by Ian Thirlwell)
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Latest Nature Notes and Index page 2002
Link to Adur Valley Nature Notes 2003

Valley and Flood Plain from of the River Adur


River Adur tidal reaches 


Sussex downland on both sides of the River Adur,
including Mill Hill Nature Reserve


Extensive urban area including the coastal towns of Shoreham, Southwick and Lancing, and the inland town of Steyning and countryside villages


Rich marine, seashore, shingle beach and lagoon habitats

Fungi of Lancing
Fungi of Shoreham
Adur Fruiting Bodies Database
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Autumn 2004 
Fungi of Mill Hill
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Spring Dyke next to the Miller's
 Stream (Adur Levels)
Waterworks Road
Mill Hill (Summer 2004)
Lower (Horseshoe Vetch) Slopes of Mill Hill
Lancing Ring and Meadows
Slonk Hill and 
Road Embankment
Widewater Lagoon 2004
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Solitary Bees
Bees & Wasps



October 2005

* If the grid references are not given they could be found on the 
Adur Wildlife database on the Adur eForum


Reports by Andy Horton from personal observation unless otherwise indicated

Web of the Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus

As usual in October, the webs of the Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus,
were draped on wasteland and in gardens to trap the unwary flying insects.
Adur Spiders

Clicking on the images will reveal a larger photograph or a link to another page


28 October 2005

Grey Squirrels were calling raucously from both the evergreen and the deciduous trees in the twitten from Ravensbourne Avenue to Buckingham Park in north Shoreham. At least four them put on a show with a varied (about four) selection of calls which were quite different from each other. 

25 October 2005
After the rain, the fruiting mushroom-like bodies of fungi begin to appear including a group of Sulphur Tuft, Hypholoma sublateritium, half a dozen clusters of Shaggy Pholiotas, both underneath the trees of Lancing Clump, and two Common Inkcaps in Old Shoreham.
Lancing Fungi 2005
Shoreham Fungi 2005

23 October 2005
There was very few if any bees buzzing around today on the Sussex coast. The queen bumblebees must now have found their place of hibernation for the winter. 

Lasioglossum xanthopus
A Yellow-footed Solitary Bee, Lasioglossum xanthopum, spent a minute on a Hardhead (Lesser Knapweed) and then another minute on a Greater Knapweed, one of the few remaining plants in flower on Mill Hill
Adur Solitary Bees

20 October 2005
In unseasonably warm sunshine at the foot of the western slopes of Lancing Ring I saw a Red Admiral, Painted Lady and a male Clouded Yellow Butterfly. (TQ 178 062)

Adur Butterfly & Large Moth List 2005

17 October 2005
Two just about adult Tompot Blennies, Parablennius gattorugine, were the highlight on a very low tide that receded past the Chart Datum marker on Kingston Buci Beach at the entrance to Shoreham Harbour. These attractive looking fish are normally found in shallow water below the intertidal zone (the sublittoral zone). 
Full Rockpooling Report
BMLSS Blennies

Unmistakable in its bright yellow with a black outline, only my second Clouded Yellow Butterfly seen this year fluttered rapidly over the lower slopes of Mill Hill. It seemed to flying mostly in a southerly direction. 
Butterfly List for the Day
A Yellow-footed Solitary Bee, Lasioglossum xanthopum, visited a Stemless Thistle, one of very few plants remaining in flower. 
Adur Solitary Bees
Status Definitions And Criteria For Invertebrates

12 October 2005
The fungi are starting to show on Lancing Clump, twenty or so Parasols, Macrolepiota procer, almost dinner plate size, were seen in the coarse grass west of the dew pond. In the woods Puffballs were seen on several rotting tree stumps. On the same Ash tree as previous years there were a cluster of Golden Pholiotas.
There was an unconfirmed large grey mushroom growing on a tree which could be Pluteus salicinus ? (Image)
The woodland is still dry for the time of year.

Parasols (by Ray Hamblett)
Lancing Fungi 2005

11 October 2005
The Smooth Newts, Triturus vulgaris, that hatched in my pond near Mill Hill are now leaving the pond in droves.

9 October 2005
As the butterflies disappear (die or hibernate) the first mushrooms show, despite the lack of rain. 

Shaggy Parasols
A half a dozen Shaggy Parasols were recorded in a pile of leaves in Shoreham
Shoreham Fungi 2005

8 October 2005
On a blackberrying foray at Malthouse Meadow, Sompting, two Red Admiral Butterflies and a Comma were sighted close to the wall of flowering Ivy.  A Brimstone Butterfly flew across my south Lancing garden. (TQ 185 046).
NB: This is the first Brimstone Butterfly recorded for the month of October on these Adur Nature Notes web pages. 

Adur Butterfly Flight Times

Two Grass Snakes were seen near Old Salts Farm, Lancing. Unfortunately, one of them on the tarmac road was run over and squashed. Snakes are deaf and cannot hear approaching vehicles.

7 October 2005
A possible* Hornet Robber Fly, Asilus crabroniformis, landed on Pixie Path route to Mill Hill where only my second Painted Lady Butterfly of the year made a brief appearance. A pristine and definite Brown Argus Butterfly appeared to be a female from its behaviour visiting a Hawkbit on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. Common Darter (dragonflies) were frequently seen with at least one mating pair in tandem flying near the Toll Bridge (Old Shoreham). (*Confirmation by a close look was not possible.)
Previous Hornet Robber Report
Adur Butterfly & Large Moth List 2005

5 October 2005
There were at least eleven Goldfinches in a small chirm in the Hawthorn at the bottom of Ray & Jan Hamblett's south Lancing garden (TQ 185 046). 

Goldfinch (Photograph by Andy Horton) Goldfinches on the Niger feeder

The Goldfinches were very eager to come down the Niger feeder and Teasels to extract the seeds. 

2 October 2005
A Water Shrew, Neomys fodiens, was seen underneath a large piece of boarding on the path on the southern bank of the Slonk Hill Cutting where it winds its way through vegetation at the western end. I am not familiar with shrews: this one was 50% larger than a House Mouse and it had a white rim that appeared like the edge of a skirt around its dark grey-black furry coat. It moved to and fro about five seconds before disappearing. This is a partially protected species. It is found in area where Slow Worms have been discovered before. This is the first time I have identified this shrew
The photograph was very poor but it does seem to indicate a white underside. This fits the description for a Water Shrew
(NB: No subsequent (by April 2007) Shrews have been discovered in this location but the larger Wood Mouse has been and this may have been a misidentification.)
Mammal Society Factsheet on the Water Shrew

A small eusocial species of solitary bee, probably Lasioglossum calceatum, was spotted on the Slonk Hill Cutting.
Adur Solitary Bees

A pristine and definite Brown Argus Butterfly that was spotted on a flower in a garden near Buckingham Park, Shoreham was a surprise. It quickly fluttered a away and disappeared.
Adur Butterfly & Large Moth List 2005

1 October 2005
In Malthouse Meadow, Sompting, (TQ 164 053), a Small Copper Butterfly rested briefly on the ground near to a large clump of Blackberry bushes and flowering Ivy. The Ivy was also attractive to two Painted Ladies and at least three Red Admirals, as well as a honey pot to many bees.

Adur Butterfly Flight Times
Adur Butterfly & Large Moth List 2005

December 2004 Reports
November 2004 Reports
October 2004 Reports
September 2004 Reports
August 2004 Reports
July 2004 Reports
June 2004 Reports
May 2004 Reports
April 2004 Reports

Mill Hill 2004 (with new map)
History of Mill Hill
Mill Hill News Reports 2004

Chalk Downs 2004
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea

Adur Valley Biodiversity Network  (forum)

MultiMap Aerial Photograph of the Adur Levels and Downs

Urban Wildlife Webring

Link to more detailed wildlife reports for January to March 2003
Link to the spring wildlife reports for 2003
Adur Valley Nature Notes  October - December 2002

Link to Adur Valley Nature Notes 2003Link to the Adur Nature Notes 2004 Index page

Adur Valley Nature Notes  January to March 2002
Adur Valley Nature Notes  April - June 2002
Adur Valley Nature Notes  July - September 2002
Adur Valley Nature Notes  October - December 2002

Mill Hill, north of Shoreham


    The Shoreham-by-Sea web site started on 1 January 1997.
    Webmaster: Andy Horton.

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