Hulc


ON THIS PAGE &
IMPORTANT LINKS
Airport
Brief History
Character
Harbour
Local Speakers
Page 2 
More about the Town
Politics 
Services
Shoreham Library
Telephone Numbers
Toponymy
 ADUR VALLEY eFORUM PAGE
Lancing Villager (Electronic Magazine)
Click on the image to link in to the facebook page

Link to the Adur Festival web pages

PHOTOGRAPHS OF SHOREHAM
flickr
Link to the official web pages of the Shoreham Society
Link to the Shoreham-by-Sea Community page
Link to Sussex Postcards page
Old Photos of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and The British Isles
SHOREHAM DISTRICT ORNITHOLOGICAL SOCIETY (Link)

EasyTide (Shoreham)


Shoreham Beach 
Weather Station


ADUR VALLEY EFORUM PAGE
POLICE
Click on this button for Adur Valley News Blogspot
ON OTHER PAGES:
Adur World Oceans Day
Adur "Torpedo" 
News Bulletin
Index of Issues
Ancient Times
Bridges over the River
Bungalow Town
Climate
Cycling Routes
Diary of Events
Famous People
Fishing
French Version
Full History
Geography
Historical Snippets
Historic Shoreham on facebook
Housing
Housing Prices
Internet Services/Web Page Design
Local Organisation Web Sites/LINKS
Local Business Web Pages
Local People: Homepages
Map of the Adur Area
Marlipins Museum
Modern Map
Nature Notes
Old Postcards
Political
Public Houses 
Public Transport
River Adur Valley
Road Routes
Shopping
Steyning Museum
Toponymy
Wildlife Notes
Habitats
Weather Forecast
Where to Stay
Book List
Car Parking in Shoreham (Link)
Shoreham-by-Sea on facebook
AREA MAP
(ADUR VALLEY & DOWNS)
Link to the Adur Nature Notes 2004 Index page
GUEST BOOK
Shoreham-by-Sea on Facebook

EMAIL
ADUR CANOE CLUB
Friends of Shoreham Beach
ALCHEMIST
BRITISH MARINE LIFE STUDY SOCIETY
FRIENDS OF LANCING RING
MARLIPINS MUSEUM
SHOREHAM AIRPORT SOCIETY
SHOREHAM DISTRICT MENTAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION
SHOREHAM LIFEBOAT STATION
SHOREHAM ROWING CLUB
SHOREHAM SAILING CLUB
STEYNING MUSEUM
SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY
SUSSEX JAPAN SOCIETY
SUSSEX WILDLIFE WEB SITES
SUSSEX YACHT CLUB
WSCC LIBRARY 
FOLKMASTER

Link to the Adur Valley web page
Snail Mail
English Post Box
 

 
NATURE NOTES 
(BY LOCATION):
 Adur Flood Plain
 AREA MAP
 Chalk Downs
 Coastal Fringe
 Intertidal (Seashore)
 Lancing Ring
 Mill Hill
 River Adur
 River Adur Estuary
 Sea (off Sussex)
 Shermanbury (Adur Valley)
 Town & Gardens
 Widewater Lagoon

 
PUBLIC HARDS & SLIPWAYS

Little High Street (Ropetackle)

Star Gap
(Coronation Green)

Dolphin
(next to Footbridge)

Surry Hard
(next to Sussex Yacht Club)

Tarmount
(next to Surry Boatyard)

Humphrey's Gap
(pick up only)

Ferry Road
Next to the Waterside Inn (formerly the Lady Jane)
 
 
 
 

 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shoreham Library
Pond Road
Shoreham-by-Sea
West Sussex

Tel:  01273 454438

 
Shoreham-by-Sea
by  Andy Horton
Description. History for the visitor. 
Harbour. Airport. Landscape and wildlife
Politics and Services. Local Groups. Toponymy
WIKIPEDIA

Google Map

Top Facts about Adur 

These web pages were started on 1 January 1997


  • The town centre, which is actually the parish of New Shoreham, is dominated by the River Adur which is a wide expanse of vegetated mud-flats at low water, with the river flow cutting a narrow path, and a tidal inlet at high tide. From the centre it is easy walking distance over the Adur Ferry Bridge to a shingle beach, with sand at low tide, and to both the downs and the river valley
  • Events

  • Friday 16 January 2008  @  7:30 pm

    SECRETS OF SHOREHAM
    Presentation and Discussion
    Talk by Andy Horton

    What all the people of Shoreham should know about their town. And what is not written in Henry Cheal's books or in Freddie Feest's Shoreham Herald columns.
    Bring your critical facilities with you, because lots of the material is new thinking.
    Written under the pseudonym of Questor Stanton, the format asks questions and then I attempt to find out the answers. 
    e.g. Who were the first Shorehamites? Where was Pende? What does the name 
    Hulkesmouth mean? How did the Marlipins get its name? Who were the Butterfly Collectors?
    St. Peter's Church Hall, West Street

  • Members £2, others £3

      History

  • Although Shoreham has far more history than the neighbouring towns, there is little obvious evidence for visitors. The large Norman church of St. Mary de Haura dominates the town centre, and this reflects New Shoreham as the most important town in the region up to the 14th century when the town was half destroyed by encroachment from the sea. The church is only half the size of the original - the former nave has completely fallen down. The street plan north of the High Street dates back to medieval times and the building which is now the Marlipin's Museum dates back to the 14th century. 


St. Mary de Haura Church

Stately stands it, the work of hands unknown of: statelier, afar and near,
Rise around it the heights that bound our landward gaze from the seaboard here;
Downs that swerve and aspire in curve and change of heights that the dawn holds dear.

  • The view from the top of the square tower of St. Mary's church is recommended if the weather is fine, but it is only open to the public on one day of the year. The height of the tower is 81 feet (25 metres).  The transepts contain original Norman buttresses. St. Mary's Church is dated to 1103 AD when the first building was completed (it commenced circa 1096). At night when the Church is lit up, it looks impressive.
  • More Information
    • In Old Shoreham, the small church of St. Nicolas dates back to late Saxon times, although it has been extensively renovated in Norman times, with the tower constructed about 1140. There is a Norman beam and an oak screen dating back to the late 13th century. 

          Harbour

    • Shoreham is the premier Sussex port serving a hinterland of over 400 thousand people including the city of Brighton & Hove and the larger town of Worthing. 
    •  
    • Shoreham Harbour which was based in the town centre up to the beginning of the 20th century is now mostly to the east of the town boundary. The entrance is opposite the Lighthouse on the south coast A259 road and marks the approach to Shoreham from the east. There is still wharfage in use on the northern side and this stretch of road is bordered by unattractive industrial uses.
    HMS Shoreham (Photograph by Ray Hamblett)

    HMS Shoreham entering Shoreham Harbour on 7 March 2002


    • Around 1295 New Shoreham was known by the alternative name of Hulkesmouth because of its importance as a harbour and shipbuilding centre. The hulc was depicted in the town seal. Hulcs are believed to have taken over from cogs and up to the late 15th century seem to have been the main sea-going trading vessels of N W Europe. 
     
    • In the subsequent centuries Shoreham was at times the most important English Channel port and at other times fell into disuse because of silting up of the harbour. 

               A modern map can be found on the

           Shoreham-by-Sea 2 Page.


    • Public Hards allow the free launching of boats, notably at Ropetackle. It is important to get the tides right and there is still 30 minutes to go to reach the harbour entrance. High springs occur around midday. 
    •  

          Airport

    •  
    • Shoreham Airport is located on the western side of the River Adur. A walk runs from the town centre across the road bridge (Norfolk Bridge) and along the towpath adjacent to the airfield. 
    • The first commercial aerodrome in Britain, opened in 1911*, is now used almost exclusively for light aircraft and helicopter flights.  Pleasure flights are available. The Art Deco terminal building was designed by Stavers H. Tiltman. (* The first flight took place in September 1910.) 

          General

    • Shoreham is different in character from the sprawling Brighton conurbation six miles to the east. There are 22 pubs and enough restaurants and cafes. 


    The new Adur Ferry Bridge at low tide

    The new Adur Ferry Bridge at high tide

    View from Shoreham Beach and the opening evening of the new Adur Ferry Bridge
    Opened 13 November 2013

    Viaduct carrying the West Coastway railway line over the River Adur.

    The current steel bridge was built by Sir John Fowler and Sir Benjamin Baker and construction began in 1893.


    • Most people work within 10 miles of Shoreham, although 20% of the working population commute to London, which is just over an hours ride on the hourly + trains. Unemployment rose sharply in the 1980's. 

            Politics & Services

    • Adur District Council is the Local Authority and it includes the neighbouring towns of Southwick to the east and Lancing to the west. The Conservatives are now the largest party with an overall majority (2004).  The Civic Centre is in Shoreham. The Parliamentary Constituency from May 1997 is called Worthing East and Shoreham (previously Shoreham) and returned Tim Loughton (Conservative) in May 2010 with a massive 11,105 (23%) majority from the second-placed Labour party. The County Council is West Sussex with an overall Conservative majority.
    • West Sussex County Council
    • Local Councillors

            Landscape & Wildlife

    Wall Lizard

    Wall Lizard, Podarcis muralis

    • Transversed by the River Adur and with the downs and the sea nearby, the area supports a diverse wildlife flora and fauna. The mudflats support wading birds and gulls, including the Ringed Plover which attempts to breed on the coastal shingle. The Pied Wagtail is common in the town and the Great Black-backed Gull visits the estuary in the winter months. Insect fauna includes dragonflies over the flood plains of the river. The south and west facing downs attract at least 32 species of butterflies including the Chalkhill Blue.
    •  
    • Chalkhill Blue (Photograph by Andy Horton)
      The underlying rock is chalk on the downs, with alluvium in the old river channels. The Adur district is fortunate to have a large variety of habitats in a small area, including natural chalk downs and butterfly meadows, freshwater and reed beds, salt marsh and estuary, brackish water lagoons, woodland, shingle seashore, chalk platform undersea and large expanses of sand.


    NEWS & EVENTS

    14 June 2014
    Adur World Oceans Day
    World Oceans Day was first declared as 8th June at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
    Events will occur all around the world on and around this day.

    Adur was one of the UK leaders in presenting the fifteenth environmental exhibition of World Oceans Day on Coronation Green, Shoreham-by-Sea. The British Marine Life Study Society presents the usual exhibition of lobsters and crabs. The Friends of Shoreham Beach (FOSB) took an active role with their display of the wonders of Shoreham Beach. Wildlife writer Steve Savage presents the whale and dolphin exhibition with the life sized replica of a Bottle-nosed Dolphin. Nikki Hills on behalf of the Sussex Wildlife Trust produce an interactive display on the sea and seashore for the younger age group.  Exhibitors are available to find the time to answer questions about marine life.
    Other participants included Southwick Camera Club with an exhibition of seascapes and marine life, and Shoreham Sea Scouts and the Shoreham Society.

    World Oceans Day on facebook
    Adur World Oceans Day on facebook
    United Nations: World Oceans Day


    • Over 40 species of fish have been recorded in the River Adur estuary. Most noticeable are Grey Mullet and Bass.  The oyster fishery was important in Victorian times, but it has been overfished. Mussel beds occur in the estuary. 
    • The Nature Notes pages have a chronologue of newsworthy wildlife in the lower Adur valley. Contributions are welcome. 
    •  
    •  Link to the Adur 2012 Nature Notes pages

          Toponymy

    • The origin of "Shore" came from scora the past participle of the Saxon scoren shear, shorn, and probably means a slope, or the foot of a slope?  (but where is the slope?) 
    • The origin of "ham" almost certainly came from the Saxon word hamm, which probably originally meant an enclosure or pasture
    • Full Toponymy 
    • Colloquial Words
    • Colloquial pronunciation of the name includes Shoram, where the 'h' is silent. This name was written on coins minted in the Middle Ages. 


    This web page receives over 50 visitors every day and 
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    The Shoreham-by-Sea site commenced on 1 January 1997.

    Click here for more about Shoreham-by-Sea
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    ADUR VALLEY eFORUM PAGE

     
    Link to the Adur Valley web page

     
    Shoreham-by-Sea 2
    Modern map, Bungalow Town, Ancient Times
    Shoreham-by-Sea 3
    Wildlife Habitats

    Shoreham-by-Sea 4
    Housing, Historical Snippets

    Shoreham Lifeboat Station
    Adur Canoe Club
    Shoreham Sailing Club
    Shoreham Rowing Club
    Sussex Yacht Club
    Shoreham-by-Sea 5
    Cycling Routes
    Shoreham-by-Sea 6
    History in the Making
    Shoreham-by-Sea 7
    Index
    Shopping
    Marlipins Maritime Museum Adur Political Shoreham Beach
    Shoreham-by-Sea 8
    Fishing
    Shoreham-by-Sea 9  Events Shoreham-by-Sea 10
    Public Houses
    Shoreham  Residents Homepages Click on this button for Adur Valley News Blogspot Shoreham  Local Organisations Homepages

    TOP OF THE PAGE
    Link to Internet Publishing Forum Webring
     
    Adur Torpedo News Bulletin
    Copyright © 1997- 2014   Andy Horton
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