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to include the images separately.
save download times, only new images are included with each Bulletin.
Bulletin is designed to be viewed on Internet Explorer or Netscape using
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Glaucus 2001 CD-ROM will be an improved version of the 2000 issue. This
will not be available until later this year. Members joining with the Premier
Membership (including the CD-ROM) have the option of receiving the current
Glaucus 2000 CD-ROM or to wait for the new version.
CD-ROM contains the complete British Marine Life Study Society web pages
including hundreds of photographs plus tide tables and other information.
The information on the Glaucus 2000 CD-ROM is suitable for PC computers
only and will not work properly on Apple-Macs.
of marine wildlife from all around the British Isles, with pollution incidents
and conservation initiatives as they affect the flora and fauna of the
NE Atlantic Ocean.
very unusual report of a Barracuda,
sp., was received from Cornwall
where net fisherman David Kessell captured one six miles off the Lizard
peninsula. The streamlined tropical fish has not been recorded in British
seas before. This one weighed about 4.2 kg gutted (9 lb) and it
was about 106 cm (nearly 4 ft) long. This fish has been photographed and
verified by Dr Paul Gainey. Of the three species in the family Sphyraenidae
found in the North East Atlantic and Mediterranean only Sphyraena sphyraena
extends north to the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula and southern
Bay of Biscay.
Report (CD-ROM version)
this specimen was examined at the Natural
History Museum by Oliver Crimmen
it was found that the edge of the operculum was naked (not covered in scales
as it is in). This, along with a few other features, showed the specimen
to be Sphyraena viridensis,
known as the Yellowmouth Barracuda.
was seen off Brighton beach, Sussex in the English Channel. This is outside
the normal range of all species of pinnipeds. It was swimming between Brighton's
two piers heading east to west. The seal swam at the surface and dived
on occasions and appeared to be in good health. They have been seen as
occasional vagrants before, notably off Shoreham
a few miles to the west.
Balistes capriscus, in fine condition were discovered inhabiting part
of the undersea chalk cliff face known as the Worthing Lumps, about 3 miles
off the Sussex coast. About 15 adult fish
were found, most of them inhabiting the rock crannies in the clear cold
(12° C) water, but one fish ventured
out into the open. Divers rarely have the opportunity
to observe Triggerfish in the winter because of the inclement weather restricts
the diving opportunities.
photographs and Triggerfish information page (link)
specimens of the Straight-nosed
Pipefish, Nerophis ophidion, were discovered on the south
Cornish shore of Hannafore Beach, Looe on the low
spring tides. These pipefish are resident large
(12 cm) pipefishes around the southern coast of Britain, and are probably
rarely recorded on a few shores rather than being a rare species of this
small elongated fish.
Octopus was discovered by Helen
Nott on Heacham Beach, Norfolk, In this
clear photograph (click on this text to see), you can see the single row
of suckers. The Common Octopus has a double row.
Summers, found an intact Triggerfish
washed up on Poltreath Beach in Cornwall.
to the photograph and full report
Report in 2001
Whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus, was discovered washed up
dead on a beach in Skaill Bay, (HY 229 189)
in the Orkney Isles. This whale is usually found in deep water.
Numbers for Stranded Cetaceans
Turtle, Dermochelys coriacia, nearly 1.5 metres across was spotted
close to the south Alloa jetty 30 miles up the Firth of Forth, the major
inlet on the east coast of central Scotland. A search was conducted for
the turtle to rescue it in case it became trapped. However, in the vast
expanse of the estuary the turtle could not be located easily and it was
November 2001 before it was discovered and
photographed after an extensive and systematic search in small boats.
have been further reports of Short-snouted
hippocampus, from around the Channel Islands. Fisherman Steve
Ryall hauled them up in his nets together
with Lumpsuckers and large Soles over 3 kg in weight. The Seahorses
were returned alive. Lobster and crab fisherman Andy
Egre reports catching two large Seahorses
in his pots about a mile and a half off Rozel in 30 metres of water in
an area of strong tides.
October to 4 November 2001
beam trawler F.V. Admiral Gordon, fishing out of Plymouth, reports seeing
large numbers of Pilot
melas, for the first time about 12 miles South of Start Point, South
Devon. They estimate over 50 whales and report that they were also
picking up a lot of midwater markers (on the echo sounder) which may have
Long caught a Common Octopus,
vulgaris, off the Cornish coast off Coverack in deepish water at about
75 metres (40 fathoms). This warm water octopus is now only rarely discovered
in the English Channel, although within just about living memory it was
commoner. This species was identified by Paul
Gainey, but hauling it up from the depths
damaged the specimen which did not survive its ordeal.
Shrimp, Alpheus macrocheles, was
discovered by fisherman Timmy Bailey
in Falmouth Bay, Cornwall, and identified by marine biologist Paul
Gainey. This is one of a few small shrimps
that can produce a rather alarming cracking noise with their claws. It
was bright orange in colour. Exactly how rare they are in British seas
is unclear because they are small, up to 43 mm only, and are only rarely
reported. (There are two other species Alpheus glaber and Alpheus
ruber.) The Pistol Shrimp found a home at the Blue
Reef Aquarium in Newquay.
Evening Telegraph reported a 3 metre long (including the sword) Broad-billed
Swordfish, Xiphias gladius, discovered by Ian and Graham Royle
washed up dead on Chapel St. Leonards beach, Lincolnshire on the east coast
of England. This is usually an oceanic fish with just a few reports in
British seas, one or two sightings in
the English Channel of this fast swimming fish jumping out of the sea,
and one report of a fish washed on the west
coast of Scotland.
British Marine Life Study Society web pages are available for permanent
reference on the CD-ROM.
Homepage can now be accessed by typing in:
cannot be accessed directly through this domain.
URL access was faulty during the last month, but it has now been restored.
send any reports of missing links and images to: Glaucus@hotmail.com
chronological order, the most recent events are at the top of the page.
Events open to the public, free or for a nominal charge only are included.
Most Seminars need to be booked in advance
Marine Biology Course for
Adults: Distance Education and Field course
7NF7 MARINE BIOLOGY
20 credits at Level 1
10 week Internet based course followed
by 1 week residential field course
overall aim of this course is to familiarise students with the basic principles
that rule life in the ocean and provide an understanding of the variety
of marine ecosystems found throughout the world. By examining the physical
and chemical conditions organisms experience in different oceanographic
regions we will learn how marine organisms are adapted to the intertidal
zone, the open ocean, the deep sea, coral reefs and polar seas. The course
will be taught by providing lecture material on the world-wide web (WWW).
This material will be supported by web-based asynchronous conferencing.
A one week residential field course in Scotland will then be held to put
theory into practice. Students are required to have access to the WWW and
have email* and must attend field course.* All students are given free
access to on-campus computing facilities. **Includes accommodation fee
for field course.
Anuschka Miller, BSc, MSc, PhD and Dominic McCafferty, BSc, PhD
Dr Dominic J. McCafferty
Department of Adult and Continuing
University of Glasgow,
St Andrew's Building,
1 Park Drive Glasgow G3 6LP
Tel: 0141 330 4394 Direct Line: 0141
Fax: 0141 330 3525
on benefits may be eligible to have their fees waived
here on how to book your place
further details contact enquiries
or visit the DACE website
In The Oceans: Exploring Our Blue Planet
Code : S180 Level
: 1 Points : 10
Start date End
date UK fee*
Feb 2002 see
description £65 no online registration -
No residential school
course is only available in the United Kingdom.
This new course
is linked to the spectacular 'Blue Planet' BBC TV series.
It will use
a variety of media to address the following questions:
• What are the
challenges of living in the oceanic environment, and how have marine organisms
adapted to cope with them?
• Why do some
parts of the ocean continually teem with life while others have seasonal
bursts of activity?
• How do marine
ecosystems differ from terrestrial ecosystems?
• How have our
ideas about the deep ocean environment evolved?
And why do discoveries
in the abyssal depths continue to amaze us?
In working towards
answers to these questions, you will see that to understand life in the
oceans we need to consider not just marine biology, but geology, chemistry
and physics - the shape of the ocean basins, the chemistry of seawater,
and ocean tides and currents, all play crucial roles in shaping the marine
environment. The final section of the course looks at modern fishing techniques
and their far-reaching consequences for marine life, and considers what
might be done to ameliorate the present critical situation.
The course has
been written assuming that you are new to science, and introduces new scientific
ideas as you need them. However, if you have already done some science
at school, college or elsewhere, you will find opportunities to explore
some topics further. The course should help you to develop a variety of
skills, which become more sophisticated as the course progresses, and there
are questions to help you check your understanding as you go along.
Conference Calendar for Zoology
Link of all biological conferences around the world)
deep coral reefs
on our doorstep
Williams & Jenny Mallinson
past and present
of inner space
For more information, contact:
Tel: 023 80 596299
to Southampton Oceanography Centre
of Ocean and Earth Science
Wembury Marine Centre Tel: 01752 862538
from Devon Wildlife Trust Tel: 01392 279244.
Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus
by Nicolas Jouault
Mammals of the English Channel Smart Group
Sea Watch Foundation is the only charity in Britain dedicated to monitoring
the status and distribution of cetaceans in British and Irish waters in
order to obtain information vital to their future survival.
extensive programme of specialised survey work is enhanced by a unique
sightings network of volunteer observers throughout the UK which provides
data essential not only for basic research, but also for evidence crucial
in the conservation and protection of these marine animals.
work leading to the formation of the Sea Watch Foundation began back in
1973 with zoologist Dr Peter Evans. Realising just how little was
known about cetaceans in British and Irish waters, Dr Evans developed a
network of volunteer observers - the Cetacean Group - with backing from
the Mammal Society.
Whale & Dolphin Group web pages
Mammals of the English Channel Smart Group
Islands (Marine Mammals)
on the Dolphin links to a BMLSS Cetacean
web page on the Internet for links to dolphin watching sites in the
NE Atlantic Ocean and around the British Isles as well links for lots of
whale and dolphin reports.
Whale watching information was included in previous issues of Torpedo,
but the bulletin has now been streamlined to avoid repetition.
of the Page
IMPACT ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT
Environment and Planning
Sea Wind (BMLSS)
Wide Fund for Nature (Global Toxics)
Marine Nature Conservation Review (JNCC) Report Forms
Information Page (with links to their web page)
the NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC OCEAN
PAGE (LINK TO)
Forum for discussion
about the marine life of the North-east Atlantic Ocean, including the
North Sea, English Channel and all the seas around the British Isles including
Ireland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, France,
Spain and Portugal.
page can be used by members to report finds, ask questions, queries over
identification, concerns about environmental issues etc. This eForum is
participated in by members of many groups studying the marine environment.
Go to menu bar above and click on Database and then on Marine Life Organisations
to find a list of web sites.Photographs and
illustrations are best uploaded to the Document Vault and should not exceed
75K in size (*.JPG).
on the Forum
discussions have included
juvenile transparent flatfish from off Stavanger (Norway) is a Dab
or a Halibut, both fish having a pronounced lateral line curve.
was discussed under two threads or subject headings e.g. "Species
Identification" and "Halibut or Dab".
archives can be searched. It is not a sophisticated search method, but
you can include the generic name of a species and find all the entries.
THE DISCUSSION GROUP ABOUT MARINE FISHKEEPING
ON THE LINK IN THE ABOVE BOX AND JOIN
photographs on the web site are copyright protected
Smart Groups (selected)
Photographic Guide to the
Sea & Shore Life
of Britain & North-west Europe
(Oxford University Press 2001)
0 19 850709 7
0 19 850041 6
This book contains a few mistakes where the photographs do not match the
Creatures of the
Marine Life Articles in Publications (Link)
Wildlife News 2001
of marine wildlife from all around the British Isles, with pollution incidents
and conservation initiatives as they affect the fauna and flora of the
NE Atlantic Ocean.
is a simple project or request to members and readers of this Bulletin.
It is to take pictures of the coast when you are next down on the shore.
of Vraic (Laminaria) on the rocky shores of Jersey
tractor will take its load to the field to be spread. It is said to improve
the flavour of the Jersey Royal Potato.
by Nicolas Jouault
appears to be a dialectic variation of wrack, a common name for
general views have value, but ideally we would like photographs of the
shore showing the type of rock, topography and rock pools, dominant fauna,
and information that cannot be described adequately by words on the Report
Scorpion (Bullhead), Taurulus bubalis,
shown in the photograph above, with strong colours and patches of white,
on the undersea chalk cliff face known as the Worthing
Lumps, about 3 miles off the Sussex coast. the camouflage is effective
and used both for ambushing its prey and avoiding larger predators.
by Paul Parsons
name of the particular coast should be included and the grid reference,
if known. Print photographs can be included in Exhibitions
and on the BMLSS Web Sites and electronic publications. Electronic images
in *.JPG format can also be considered for the web site. They should not
exceed 100K in size.
LINKS TO OTHER SITES
British Marine Life Study Society Web Site has been included as an Encyclopaedia
Britannica Recommended Site and included on the BBC
On-line Internet Guide.
are more entries on the GATEWAY pages of the BMLSS
Web Site and on the Torpedo File on the
web site (click on this text).
SPONSORS ARE INVITED
FOR THE BMLSS WEB SITE FOR 2001
SITE PAGE LINKS
the two column version of Torpedo (from issue 28)
pages are not designed for the default settings on the Page Set-ups of
your browser. I recommend viewing in Internet Explorer 5 and altering the
right and left hand columns in the Page Set-up menu to 9 mm (from 19 mm).
page set-up can also be amended in Netscape Composer, and this has the
advantage of enabling the specified number of pages to be printed and the
information about the file (name, path, date) to be deleted.
FULL MEMBERS 1999/2001
2000 issue of Glaucus with 48 information
filled pages has been sent out to members.
to Torpedo who wish to receive the written material on paper in the journal
and the Shorewatch Newsletter as a New Member can find the Application
new Premier Membership for the year 2000 also entitles the member to the
Official BMLSS CD-ROM, which will contain the BMLSS web pages and
more information about marine life, together with a selection of other
exclusive marine life information, electronic back copies of BMLSS publications,
and the full version of TORPEDO
Electronic News Bulletin sent to them every month by Email, as well as
the other BMLSS Electronic Information Services. The CD-ROM
will also contain useful shareware and freeware programs, and should be
at least as good value as a computer magazine CD-ROM for the second aspect
work of the BMLSS is funded by entirely by member's subscriptions and we
do not receive any grants.
of the images may not display if you have changed your directory for downloaded
files. The images may also not display properly if your settings on your
EMail software do not allow you do this automatically. Unfortunately, I
am unable to cater for all the Email software in use nowadays. I am looking
into this problem.
on Netscape Composer 4.6