Adur Orchids
Wild Flowers
Addenda 2008
 
 

from January 2008
Link to Trees 2008

Link to Wild Flowers 2009
 

15 December 2008
Two Musk Thistles were still flowering by the Reservoir on Mill Hill, but after the deluge or for some other reason the prickly stems were bent and the purple flowers were drooping down. Just a few Sow Thistles were noted on the road edge.

8 December 2008
Scentless Mayweed was still just about in flower on the edge of the southern part of the cyclepath by Widewater Lagoon and the Smooth Sow Thistle was observed on other waste ground around Shoreham.

27 November 2008
Plants observed in flower included a dimunitive Hawkbit on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, two Musk Thistles by the Reservoir on Mill Hill, Sow Thistles on road edges and a large clump of Ragwort at Kingston Buci.

Early November 2008
 
Musk Thistle
Musk Thistle on Mill Hill
White Deadnettle on the Waterworks Road
Sow Thistle on the 
Pixie Path

2 November 2008
After the continual heavy rain of the previous day, on Mill Hill, there was an occasional Wild Basil on the middle slopes and a single Musk Thistle were still in flower by the Reservoir.

27 October 2008
A single Kidney Vetch was seen in flower on Buckingham Cutting southern bank. White Deadnettle was plentiful on the verges of the footpath section of the of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham.

17 October 2008
On Mill Hill, a single Musk Thistle was still in flower by the Reservoir. Singles of Spear Thistle and Creeping Thistle in flower were noted.

12 October 2008
Bristly Ox-tongue was noted in flower on the verges of the the Coastal Link Cyclepath just north of Adur Riverbank Industrial Estate.
Adur Dandelion Family

9 October 2008
A sunny day when the air temperature reached a pleasant 16.1 °C in the shade prompted a cycle ride along the Coastal Link Cyclepath north to Bramber Castle. On the way I made a passage note of some wild plants still in flower and they included Common Mallow, the last remnants of Viper's Bugloss, Scentless Mayweed, Ox-eye Daisies, Ragwort, Hardheads, Rough Hawkbits and Smooth Sow Thistle on the cyclepath verges with Dandelions and Herb Robert at Bramber Castle. There was very little Buddleia left in flower for the butterflies. The red berries of Guelder-rose, Viburnum opulus, were seen near the Cement Works.

8 October 2008
After five days of rain and poor weather the herb layer including millions of the leaves of Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, on the lower slopes of Mill Hill was still springy and firm under foot.
Red berries were prominent from the worn and darker berries of Hawthorn, Dog Rose and Bittersweet to the fresh berries of Wayfaring Tree, Cotoneaster and Holly.
 

Wayfaring Tree Cotoneaster Holly Hawthorn Dog Rose on Mill Hill

On the top near the Reservoir, a Buff-tailed Bumblebee visited a Musk Thistle still in flower. Spear Thistles were also still in flower and I a noted a solitary Creeping Thistle with a full flowering head. Rough Hawkbit was seen on the Slonk Hill south bank, but all the flowers identified on the lower slopes of Mill Hill were Autumnal Hawkbit.
Other plants noted in flower were Field Speedwell at the top Slonk Hill Farm Road, south of the bridge over the A27, and at the entrance to the linear spinney.
On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, I noted Devil's Bit Scabious, Yellow Wort, Fairy Flax, Self-heal, Common Centaury and Wild Basil and I overlooked many other flowers as I was not searching for them.
Adur Thistles
Adur Bumblebees

28 September 2008
A single flower of Sweet Violet was noted are the southern end of the lower slopes of Mill Hill.
Adur Violets

25 September 2008
 

Carline Thistle with green leaves
Carline Thistle (Late)
Devil's Bit Scabious
Carline Thistle
Carline Thistle
Devil's Bit Scabious

Study on the lower slopes of Mill Hill

24 September 2008
 

Scentless Mayweed
Melilot
Sow Thistle
Study on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge


21 September 2008

Cissbury Ring (Nepcote approaches)
 

Yellow Rattle (gone to seed)
Rosebay Willowherb (gone to seed)
Comma Butterfly on Hemp Agrimony
Harebell
Hemp Agrimony
Harebell

10 September 2008
A single Harebell flower was seen on Anchor Bottom on the southern (north-facing) slopes. There could have been more as I did not look all that thoroughly.
 

Purple Loosestrife
The large leaves of the early flowering Coltsfoot, Tussilago farfara, on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge
Purple Loosestrife by Lancing Ring Dewpond
Common Rock Rose
at Stonechat Junction, New Erringham 
on 21 September 2008

9 September 2008
 

Dog Rose with Robin's Pin Cushion Most of the Autumn Gentian was not in flower. Devil's Bit Scabious Small Heath Butterfly on Devil's Bit Scabious

Devil's Bit Scabious was seen in flower for the first time this year on the Privet-inundated lower slopes of Mill Hill. Despite four days of rain and the whole of the summer, there were still dried-out cow pats on the Autumn Gentian covered plateau of Mill Hill south of the upper car park. Most of the Autumn Gentian was not in flower.
 

Ribbed Melilot
Female Adonis Blue on Devil's Bit Scabious on Mill Hill
Ribbed Melilot
on Mill Hill
Red Clover
Wild Basil on Mill Hill
Devil's Bit Scabious on Mill Hill

21 -31 August 2008
 

A Common Blue on Creeping Thistle
Common Toadflax 
on the Coastal Link Cyclepath
White Melilot 
at Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach
Sea Aster
submerged at high tide in the River Adur estuary
A male Common Blue Butterfly on a seeding Creeping Thistle on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of Old Shoreham on 21 August 2008.

19 August 2008
Much too late in the year, I checked out the Childing Pink, Petrorhagia nanteuilii, at Silver Sands on Shoreham Beach, and I saw just the one wind-damaged flower being blown about in the breeze.

10 August 2008
 

Chalkhill Blues on Carline Thistle
Hardheads (Lesser Knapweed) on Mill Hill
Blackberries
Carline Thistle
Hardheads

1 August 2008
 

Six-spot Burnet Moth on Greater Knapweed
Six-spot Burnet Moth on
Greater Knapweed
Canadian Goldenrod
A naturalised alien on the 
Slonk Hill Cutting (south)
Turkey Oak, Quercus cerris
in Buckingham Park

30 July 2008
Hundreds of the small herb Autumn Gentian were poking through the chalky area on the upper plateau of Mill Hill, immediately north of the Reservoir. A handful were in flower for the first time this year. A few Round-headed Rampion were in flower amongst them and only a handful of these blue flowers were seen on a passage trip scattered over the upper hill.
 

Musk Mallow
Fleabane
Carline Thistle (dead heads from 2007)
Round-headed Rampion
Musk Mallow
Fleabane
Autumn Gentian
Carline Thistle
Carline Thistle

29 July 2008
Musk Mallow was noted in flower for the first time this year on the Adur Levels with the greatest numbers in private fields near Old Shoreham.

27 July 2008
The first Round-headed Rampion of the year was seen in flower on the upper part of Mill Hill, and one Cornflower seen on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge.

22-23-24 July 2008
 

Self-heal Wild Arum Marjoram Rock Samphire on Southwick Beach
Sea Spurrey (intertidal River Adur Sea Purslane bank)
Self-heal
Wild Arum
Marjoram
Lesser Burdock
Rock Samphire
Sea Spurrey

Study of the early growths of Carline Thistle (Link)

The small herb Autumn Gentian was noted sprouting up on the middle slope area of Mill Hill, but the flowers had not yet appeared. Bird's Foot Trefoil was noted at a height of 60 cm and even higher on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Cement Works, Upper Beeding. These varieties have been an identification problem before. Common Bird's Foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus, grows to a height of 40 cm whereas Greater Bird's Foot Trefoil, Lotus pedunculatus, can grow to 60 cm tall.

21 July 2008

Harlequin Ladybird on Creeping Thistle
Viper's Bugloss on the Coastal Link Cyclepath
Field Scabious +
Great Mullein
Rock Rose
Red Bartsia
Creeping Thistle
Viper's Bugloss
Field Scabious with 
Greater Knapweed
Great Mullein
Common Rock Rose
Red Bartsia

Two new flowers added to the list were the small and easily overlooked Red Bartsia between the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge and the River Adur towpath, and a clump of Common Rock Rose at Stonechat Junction east of Mossy Bottom on the downs north of east Shoreham. Both had been flowering for at least a week and probably longer.

Lesser Centaury20 July 2008
A Sweet Violet was noted in flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. Its leaves completely lacked any hairs when seen clearly with the naked eye.
Adur Violets

19 July 2008
A Chicory flower was blown about in the breeze on the verge of the Steyning Road south of the Cement Works. Marjoram was noted on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge. A clump of Lesser Centaury appeared with pale almost white flowers on the edge of the Coastal Link Cyclepath near Old Shoreham.

15 & 19 July 2008
 

Wild Mignonette, Reseda lutea
Lady's Bedstraw
Teasel
Hardhead or Lesser Knapweed
Rosebay Willowherb
Great Willowherb
Wild Mignonette
Lady's Bedstraw
Teasel
Hardhead
Rosebay Willowherb
Great Willowherb

15 July 2008
Hogweed and Hawkweed Ox-tongue* were in flower on Mill Hill. Some of the Greater Knapweed was yet to flower and some flowers had already turned white.  (*The leaves were not bristly under the shade of the copse at the top of Mill Hill.)
 
Two species of Ox-tongue are recorded from Shoreham.

Bristly Ox-tongue, Picris echioides  and 
Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Picris hieracioides

Adur Yellow Plant Study 2007-2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

Adur Umbellifers

14 July 2008
The first red berries of the Wayfaring Tree were spotted in the hedgerow of the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham.

13 July 2008
 

Marjoram
Greater Knapweed
Agrimony
Purple Toadflax
Perforate St. John's Wort
Marjoram
Greater Knapweed
Agrimony
Purple Toadflax
Perforate St. John's Wort
Small Scabious from Mill Hill
Fleabane
Restharrow Wild Basil
 Small Scabious
Fleabane
Restharrow
 Wild Basil
Peach-leaved 
Bellflower

The Peach-leaved Bellflowers were seen on the Slonk Hill Cutting southern bank in the shade of the trees. Small Scabious was in flower on Mill Hill and Anchor Bottom. A clump of Welted Thistle* was noted adjacent to a clump of Spear Thistle on the cyclepath just north of the Cement Works, Upper Beeding.
The first ripe Blackberry was spotted.
Chalkhill Flowers 2008

11 July 2008
 

Stemless (or Dwarf) Thistle
Stemless Thistle
Spear Thistle
Welted Thistle*
Musk Thistle
Creeping Thistle

Five species of thistle were recorded on Mill Hill including the first Stemless Thistle of the year on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, as well as Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle*, the impressive Musk Thistle and the ubiquitous Creeping Thistle. The first flowers of Clematis also appeared on Mill Hill. Lady's Bedstraw was also noted in flower.  (*Confusion occurs with the Slender Thistle which needs double-checking.)
Adur Thistles

Hawkbits were very common on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, and these are both Autumnal Hawkbit and Rough Hawkbit were noted for the first time this year.
Adur Hawkbits

Autumnal Hawkbits

5 July 2008
Marjoram was seen in flower in the Triangle middle slopes area of Mill Hill and this was the first for this year and the first time I noted this plant on Mill Hill.

4 July 2008
Hardweeds (=Lesser Knapweeds) were abundant on the verge of the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham, with Fleabane recorded for the first time this year with open flowers, although most had not opened, the first Teasel of 2008 was flowering, although, again, most had not showed. Wild Basil was also recorded for the first time this year and there were scores of flowering plants.
Adur Teasels

Duke of Argyll's Tea Tree3 July 2008
Borage was growing on the verge of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham, adjoining the northern part of the tarmaced path. It is hard to think that was was naturalised independent of man's affects as the plant is not usually seen growing wild outside of gardens. Duke of Argyll's Tea Tree (=Wolfberry), Lycium, was observed growing in extensive straggly amounts from the edge of the estuarine river bed by Ropetackle. This is an alien species that is a new addition to the Shoreham flora. Hemp Agrimony was recorded for the first time this year in flower on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge.
Previous Report

30 June 2008
Musk Mallow was flowering for the first time this year on a verge of the Coastal Link Cyclepath just 300 metres north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. The plant is a recent introduction to the Shoreham area.

29 June 2008
Great Mullein and the much smaller Vervain were seen in flower for the first time this year on the lower slopes of Mill Hill.

24 June 2008
Meadow Cranesbill was seen for the first time in flower this year in the surrounds of Lancing Ring dewpond.

23 June 2008
 
Everlasting Pea
Dotted  Loosestrife Lysimachia punctata
Evening Primrose

SquinancywortThese naturalised alien plants were seen on the Coastal Link Cyclepath near the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. Other native wild flowers recorded for the first time this year consisted of frequent Fragrant Orchids, which were nearly finished and a solitary Small Scabious, both species seen on Anchor Bottom, Upper Beeding. I noted for the first time an attractive patch of mixed Common Poppies, Opium Poppies and Scentless Mayweed with other plants to the south of the South Downs Way Bridge over the River Adur, where the cyclepath has been tarmaced since last year. Tall Melilot was recorded for the first time this year on the cyclepath verges. It was identified from its taller appearance from the smaller Ribbed Melilot.

* ID by Ray Hamblett
Adur Orchids

22 June 2008
The first Squinancywort of the year was spotted in flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. The first Restharrow flowers appeared amongst clumps of this plant on the southern bank of Buckingham Cutting.

20 June 2008
 
Yellow-horned Poppy Viper's Bugloss Feverfew

On the shingle above the high water mark adjacent to Widewater Lagoon, there were very frequent to common (probably over a hundred) clumps of Viper's Bugloss dominating the vegetation in the area by the Beach Huts. A few clumps of Lesser Burdock and a single flower of Spear Thistle was seen amongst a clump, with Slender Thistle blown about in the breeze and Yellow-horned Poppy. Wild Carrot was recorded for the first time, although it seems likely it has been in flower for several weeks and just not noted down. There was one clump of flowers photographed on the far right and identified as Feverfew.
Adur Umbellifers

19 June 2008
 

Tufted Vetch


Flowers recorded for the first time this year were White Stonecrop Sedum album, Common Toadflax, Rosebay Willowherb, Great Willowherb, Field Bindweed, Lesser Burdock and Perforate St. John's Wort on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham, and a swathe of Tufted Vetch just north of the bridge. On Mill Hill, Agrimony, Musk Thistle, one Field Scabious and Common Centaury were all recorded for the first time this year. There was patch of Bird's Foot Trefoil in a field to the east of the large roundabout on the Adur Levels (to the west of the southern part of Mill Hill) that could be seen from Mill Hill.

15 June 2008
Yarrow was spotted in flower on a Shoreham kerbside verge.

8 June 2008
The first Greater Knapweed flower of the year was seen on the southern bank of the Buckingham Cutting, and the first Creeping Thistle on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. Hedge Woundwort was spotted on the ground to the north of the Pixie Path at the top opposite the tall garden hedge. Trailing Bellflower, Campanula porscharskayana, was noted as an alien garden escape in the linear wood between the gardens and the road embankment on the south side of the Slonk Hill Cutting.
 
Bird's Foot Trefoil Common Blue Butterflies

Bird's Foot Trefoil near Mill Hill

7 June 2008
 
Ox-eye Daisies Lesser Stitchwort

The low lying herb Selfheal was recorded in flower for the first time this year in gaps from the long grasses and Ox-eye Daisies on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. Lesser Stitchwort was also recorded for the first time this year in this area, although I think I saw it a few days earlier.
Adur Daisies
 
Selfheal Scarlet Pimpernel, Selfheal and Meadow Buttercup in flower Ground Ivy Pyramidal Orchid
Selfheal
Scarlet Pimpernel, Selfheal and
Meadow Buttercup in flower
Ground Ivy
Pyramidal Orchid

A few of the first fully flowering Pyramidal Orchids of the year were spotted amongst the mostly green vegetation on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Cement Works, Upper Beeding.
 
6 June 2008
Dropwort was just beginning to flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill

Privet had been flowering for a few weeks (I did not note that date when it was first seen). 

Dropwort Dropwort
Meadow Vetchling was noted in flower for the first time this year on the verges of the the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. A single Spear Thistle flower appeared for the first time in a large clump at the western end of the Riverbank (where the houseboats are), but Creeping Thistle had not opened up. More Broad-leaved Willowherb were flowering in odd places in Shoreham town, typically in cracks in the surfaces on the edge of twittens. Hedge Woundwort was in flower on the verges of the Waterworks Road
Bittersweet
Meadow Vetchling
 
5 June 2008
A few Bee Orchids have appeared on the verge in Mill Hill Road where most of them had been destroyed. 
Destruction Report
Adur Orchids

The first Buddleia flower appeared on a bush on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge.

 

Lucerne
4 June 2008
Alfalfa or Lucerne, Medicago sativa, was noted in an overgrown shaded part of the path that runs along the southern part of the Slonk Hill Cutting. There were also the first sign of a few flowering Pyramidal Orchids on the open bank of the same cutting.

3 June 2008
Plants in flower noted for the first time this year on Lancing Beach shingle and surrounds included Viper's Bugloss, Opium Poppy, Yellow-horned Poppy, Silver Ragwort and Slender Thistle. The seed heads of Goat's Beard were very noticeable on the borders of the shingle and cyclepath. And Tree Mallow by a gate marked Lancing Point to the west of Lancing Sailing Club.
 
 
Viper's Bugloss Yellow-horned Poppy Slender Thistle Goat's Beard Seed Head

1 June 2008
Flowers seen for the first time this year included Fairy Flax, and four mystery Orchids were seen on the Mill Hill Cutting southern bank for the first on these Nature Note pages recorded in the Shoreham boundaries. There are seven votes for the Southern Marsh Orchid, Dactylorhiza praetermissa, previously: Orchis praetermissa. Viper's Bugloss was seen for the first time in flower this year by Old Shoreham Toll Bridge. I expect this plant had flowered much earlier on the beach shingle.
Adur Orchids
 
Mystery Orchid on the Mill Hill Cutting
Swathes of Bird's Foot Trefoil with the copse at Mill Hill in the background
Bird's Eye Trefoil & Scarlet Pimpernel
Bird's Foot Trefoil

The thin strip of intermittent horse pasture to the east of Mill Hill, adjacent and parallel to the A27 dual carriageway on the northern side, was covered in a yellow carpet of Bird's Foot Trefoil. Although swathes of this small yellow herb (the food plant of the Common Blue Butterfly) had been seen on this land before, I had never seen such a covering this century. Most other flowering herbs were lost amongst the yellow but they included sparse amounts of Cut-leaved Cranesbill, Cleavers (first flowering Bedstraw of the year, originally mistaken for Squinancywort), Fairy Flax, Eyebright, Scarlet Pimpernel (mostly on the periphery), White Clover, Ground Ivy and Field Speedwell. The yellow carpet of Bird's Foot Trefoil was bordered by longer grasses supporting occasional Red  Poppies and larger herbs that had not yet flowered.
The adjacent cattle pasture was devoid of these herbs.
 

Field Speedwell Germander Speedwell on Mill Hill Fairy Flax Scarlet Pimpernel

On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, where the Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, had rapidly faded, I recorded Wild Thyme for the first time this year.

30 May 2008
The end of the month shows quite an abrupt change with the distant view of the Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, on the lower slopes of Mill Hill negligible, the Hawthorn blossom generally disappeared and the appearance of some common plants like Ribbed Melilot, the first inkling of a Hardhead (=Lesser Knapweed), and Cut-leaved Cranesbill on the Adur Levels. The first flower of a Broad-leaved Willowherb was seen in Shoreham town.
 
27 May 2008
Hedge Woundwort was observed in flower for the first time this year on the Middle Road, Open Space, Shoreham. Mouse-eared Hawkweed was common on the north bank of the Slonk Hill Cutting, and Spotted Orchids on the south side.
Tutsan was beginning to flower amongst the hedgerows on the southern side. 
Adur Orchids
Hedge Woundwort

26 May 2008
The first thistle of the year was seen in flower on the towpath a few metres north of Old Shoreham Toll Bridge. This was a confirmed Welted Thistle, Carduus crispus. Elderflowers were showing much better with 50% in full flower on one identified bush.
Adur Thistle Reports 2008

23 May 2008
Red Poppy and Fumitory were added to the plants in flower alongside the Coastal Link Cyclepath in Upper Beeding on the west side of the river north of the South Downs Way Bridge.

22 May 2008
 
Hoary Cress and Scarlet Pimpernel
Sea Kale
Red Valerian
Hoary Cress, Cardaria draba (white)*
and Scarlet Pimpernel
Sea Kale
Red Valerian

Flowers of Lancing Beach

* ID by Buckeye


21 May 2008
The first Yellow Rattle of the year was seen on the northern Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, covered bank of the Slonk Hill Cutting, with the first Purple Toadflax of 2008 in the central reservation of the A27 dual carriageway.
 
This small Geranium flower is from a garden plant naturalised in the wild on the edge of the towpath on the western side of the River Adur very close to, to the north of the Railway Viaduct

Geranium sylvaticum ?

Mystery Flowers

20 May 2008
Contrary to my previous observations I have now discovered an extensive area of Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, on the north (south-facing) bank of Anchor Bottom. I originally mistook this area for one of Bulbous Buttercups because the intensity of the flowers and leaves is much less than the lower slopes of Mill Hill and comparable to the upper plateau on the latter down. (The density of leaves may be insufficient to support Chalkhill Blue Butterflies?) On the north bank the other flowers of note were Sainfoin (first of the year), Bulbous Buttercups, small amounts of Bird's Foot Trefoil, small patches of Milkworts, and an occasional Mouse-eared Hawkweed. On the south (north-facing) bank at the western Dacre Gardens end, a few small patches of Horseshoe Vetch, the fading remnants of Green-winged Orchids and the even more exiguous remnants of Cowslip flowers were noted.
 
The extensive patch of Horseshoe Vetch observed from the Dacre Gardens entrance of Anchor Bottom The female Brimstone Butterfly flitted rapidly from one Sainfoin flower to another Bird's Foot Trefoil, before flowering on Anchor Bottom

A flowering Spotted Orchid and clumps of flowering Sainfoin were spotted on the Coastal Link Cyclepath verge meadows 200 metres or so south of the Cement Works. White Clover was noted for the first time this year in the same area, but I have probably forgot to make a note before. Dog Rose was in flower in Old Shoreham and a patch of Comfrey, Symphytum, was in its usual place next to the Coastal  Link Cyclepath as it ran parallel to Dacre Gardens (just north of the Cement Works).

19 May 2008
An early afternoon visit to Mill Hill the occasional yellow Hawkweed-type flowers were examined for their leaves and on the open bank (lower slopes) amongst the abundant Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, the species Rough Hawkbit, Leontodon hispidus was identified, and next to the path at the northern end before it entered the scrub, Mouse-eared Hawkweed was located. Elderberry was beginning to flower on Mill Hill and White Campion was noticed in flower on the edge of the scrub on the upper parts of the hill.

18 May 2008
 

Flowers and herbs by the Adur riverbank in Old Shoreham
Small plants recorded in this small area included Red Valerian, Bulbous Buttercups,  Bird's Foot Trefoil, Scentless Mayweed and Ground Ivy all in flower and others like Sea Beet, Spear-leaved Orache, Sea Purslane and Cord Grass which have little or no flowers to be seen. The umbellifer in the photograph is the poisonous Hemlock Water Dropwort not the edible Celery, Apium graveolens.
Adur Buttercups

16 May 2008
Plants seen in flower for the first time in 2008 on a cool day (12.3 °C) were Eyebright, Mouse-eared Hawkweed and Yellow Wort, Salsify, all seen on the northern bank of the Slonk Hill Cutting, the beginnings of a flowering Spotted Orchid on the south side. The first two flowers of Kidney Vetch were seen on the south side of the Buckingham Cutting.

15 May 2008
 
Yellow Iris and Stinging Nettles on Spring Dyke
Yellow Flag on the Spring Dyke
Hemlock Water Dropwort   (Spring Dyke)  ID not confirmed

Yellow Flag Iris and Hemlock Water Dropwort were noted on the Spring Dyke. The latter plant is poisonous.
Adur Umbellifers

Ground Elder, Aegopodium podagraria, had shown the first flowers for longer than a week and now was beginning to flower in earnest. It was everywhere, alongside the Coastal Link Cyclepath and on Mill Hill.

14 May 2008
A late afternoon visit to Mill Hill was undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the extent of the covering of Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, which could be seen from Old Shoreham by the Toll Bridge. It was at least as spectacular as the best year, but a close inspection revealed that a proportion (c 5%) of the flowers were already fading on the lower slopes.
 

Horseshoe Vetch on Mill Hill Horseshoe Vetch Bittersweet

Hound's TongueOther flowers noted were the poisonous White Bryony, Bryonia dioica, on the Pixie Path and mostly were the conservation workers had been on Mill Hill, and the first sign of flowering Hound's Tongue, Cynoglossum officinale, notably near the Rabbit burrows. Bittersweet was beginning to flower on the Pixie Path.

11 May 2008
Sea Thrift was in splendid flower to the west of Carat's Cafe, Southwick Beach, Sea Campion and the first Kidney Vetch seen in 2008 to the north on the blind side of the cafe by the harbour road.

10 May 2008
New flowering plants for the year included White Campion in wayside Old Shoreham and and Wood Avens on the Pixie Path. Bramble flowers were seen.
 
10 May 2008
With considerable dismay I noted that the Bee Orchid colony in Mill Hill Road seems to have been deliberately destroyed. It seems to have been more than just mown as it was levelled to remove some of the top soil. I have seen this happen on horse pastures. It is possible that the orchids could even survive this drastic measure.
Adur Orchids
Bee Orchid

As the only other site known in Shoreham, a private pasture next to the Waterworks House, it is likely that this orchid is now extinct in Shoreham. The culprits are unknown. The patch is shown on the photograph above on the far right. It is very likely just to have been heavily mown.
Adur Orchids

9 May 2008
The Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was spectacular on the on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, but still not at its peak.
 
Adonis Blue on Horseshoe Vetch

Silverweed was noticed in flower next to the path on the ridge of Mill Hill to the north-west of the Reservoir. The leaves were dark green. They should be silver. (The leaves of Creeping Cinquefoil appear to be different.)
A few Hawkbits* were in flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill and I will have to discover what species these are?

Hawkbit

(* Possibilities:  Rough Hawkbit Leontodon hispidus, or Lesser Hawkbit, Leontodon saxatilis).
I did not check the leaves for Mouse-eared Hawkweed ?
 
 
Hop Trefoil, Trifolium campestre, was in flower on the Mill Hill Cutting, although I am not sure of my identification. 

8 May 2008
Red Clover was noted on River Adur towpath on the western side between Old Shoreham and Upper Beeding, where long rows of  Cow Parsley were prominent and a distinctive part of the landscape above high tide mark with Buttercups in the fields and Hawthorn now in flower bordering the Coastal Link Cyclepath. Yellow Flag Iris was seen in the Annington Sewer (next to the Saltings Field, Botolphs).
Adur Levels 2008

7 May 2008
New plants in flower spotted for the first time were a Common Mallow on the edge of the pavement bordering the coast road west of the Norfolk Bridge, and numerous clumps of Sea Campion on Lancing Beach by the beach huts near Widewater.
From the promenade cyclepath the shingle flood plain of Widewater near the pipeline inlets was seen to be covered in patches of violet, which was assumed to be Ivy-leaved Toadflax.

6 May 2008
Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was much more prominent on the lower slopes of Mill Hill and could be seen covering the lower slopes before I descended the steps at the southern end.
 
Horseshoe Vetch on Mill Hill
Bird's Foot Trefoil on Shoreham Beach
Horseshoe Vetch on the Mill Hill Cutting
Bird's Foot Trefoil on Shoreham Beach

Tree MallowI noted a solitary Ox-eye Daisy next the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of Old Shoreham Toll Bridge. This was the first of the year. Other plants noted in flower for the first time this year were a clump of Herb Robert in West Street, Shoreham and Sea Kale and Tree Mallow on Shoreham Beach near the Old Fort. These plants had probably been in flower for a few days, perhaps even a week or longer before I noted them. A clump of flowering Bird's Foot Trefoil was seen on the shingle to the west of the Old Fort, but a few metres before the houses.

5 May 2008
Red Valerian was prominent on Shoreham Beach and Sea Thrift was noted just east of Lancing Sailing Club for the first time in the wild this year.

3 May 2008
The first Hawthorn was noted in flower in the Butterfly Copse and it must have been flowering for a few days. It is was also beginning to flower on the Coastal Link Cyclepath near Old Shoreham. Green Alkanet was attractive to the hoverflieson the Waterworks Road, with the first of the Meadow Buttercups and Common Mouse-ear, Corn Salad, White Deadnettle, Ground Ivy, Common Vetch and Forget-me-not were noted in passage.

2 May 2008
 
Common Mouse-ear
Germander Speedwell
Common Mouse-ear
Ground Ivy

29 April 2008
Marsh Marigold begins to flower in my front garden in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham.
 

This is the Corn Salad, Valerianella. Two species have been recorded from Shoreham: Keel-fruited Corn Salad, Valerianella carinata, and the Common Cord Salad, Valerianella locusta. This particular clump was recorded at the southern entrance to the Waterworks Road, but the insignificant plant was frequently seen on wasteland.

ID help from Patrick Alexander
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

27 April 2008
A clump of Germander Speedwell (at the top) and a single Silverweed were first seen in flower on the Pixie Path. Ragwort was in flower on the southern borders of the A27 dual carriageway through the Slonk Hill Cutting.

Green-winged Orchid26 April 2008
My first orchids of 2008 were frequent Green-winged Orchids pushing up from the southern side turf on Anchor Bottom. Red Campion was seen in flower for the first time on the verges of the Coombes Road.

25 April 2008
Common Vetch and Common Mouse-ear were spotted in flower for the first time on wasteland by the River Adur eastern riverbank north of the Riverside Industrial Estate (being demolished), north of Ropetackle.
 

Green Alkanaet and Alexanders on the verges of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham
22 April 2008

Annual Wall Rocket in the twitten between Corbyn Crescent (south) and Adelaide Square, Shoreham, at the southern end.

Annual Wall Rocket

20 April 2008
Early Purple Orchids were in flower at Tottington Woods near Small Dole.

Report by Ray Hamblett on the Adur Valley (Yahoo Group)


On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the first Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was seen in flower with the accompanying pollen beetles, Meligethes erichsoni.  A few Bulbous Buttercups were in flower, notably on the Pixie Path.
 
Cowslips on the Coastal Link Cyclepath Ground Ivy The first Horseshoe Vetch on Mill Hill

Bulbous Buttercup

On the Coastal Link Cyclepath (north of Old Shoreham), Daisies, Dandelions, Ground Ivy and Cowslips were prolific with Lesser Celandine, Bluebells and Daffodils.

17 April 2008
Garlic Mustard was in flower on the roadside opposite Cuckoo's Corner and verges in the area. On the earth bank at Cuckoo's Corner, Green Alkanet was growing in profusion.
 
Garlic Mustard Common Milkwort

16 April 2008
The first Common Milkwort of the year was seen in flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill.

13 April 2008
Dove's Foot Cranesbill was in flower on the verges of Crown Road, Shoreham, and in the linear spinney of the Slonk Hill south cutting, the garden plants Grape Hyancinth and Honesty were naturalised, before I got caught in a hail shower. Primroses were seen on the eastern verges of Mill Hill Road.

8 April 2008
Bluebells and Star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum, were seen in flower on the verges of the Coombes Road south of Cuckoo's Corner. (I should have double-checked these were not Allium, but the road was too busy.)

6 April 2008
Most of the flowers were covered to a depth of 100 mm by the snow that fell continuously throughout the morning.
 
Alexanders covered in snow on the Adur riverbank

Ground Ivy was seen in flower under the Hawthorn in the scrub on the north-west of Mill Hill, refreshed by dollops of melting snow. Blackthorn (=Sloethorn) was flowering in Old Shoreham on the verges of the Steyning Road. Red Valerian was in flower and has probably been seen for a few weeks.

3 April 2008
The first Ground Ivy of the year was seen amongst the Cowslips on the Downs Link Cyclepath 50 metres north of Old Shoreham. Lesser Celandine was still flowering on the verges of residential Shoreham, notably at the junction of Mill Lane and Ravens Road.

1 April 2008
The first Ivy-leaved Toadflaxof the year were spotted in flower on a flint wall near Southwick Green. They were probably in flower in March.

30 March 2008
New flowers for the year noticed growing wild on Shoreham town verges included Green Alkanet and Forget-me-Not.

28 March 2008
Add to the previous two days, Greater Periwinkle on the Downs Link Cyclepath north of Old Shoreham Toll Bridge and White Deadnettle on the verges of the Waterworks Road.

27 March 2008
The verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath from the Cement Works to Old Shoreham contained a few flowering Dandelions, an occasional Lesser Celandine and Daffodils, frequent Coltsfoot and the first signs of one clump of Cowslips.

26 March 2008
Flowers noted after a cold spell were hundreds of Dandelions everywhere, Lesser Celandine on the verges of Mill Lane (southern part), Bitter Cresses, Groundsel, everywhere, Spring Starflower, Ipheion uniflorum, escaping from gardens to the verges in Downsway (north of Buckingham Park, Shoreham) and Cow Parsley, Alexanders, Red Deadnettles, Field Speedwell and the first confirmed Chickweed were widespread.
 
Lesser Celandine Dog Violet from Mill Hill

Thousands of Sweet Violets were in flower and at least one Dog Violet was identified from the the lower slopesof Mill Hill.
Adur Violets

23 March 2008
There was the first sign of a Cowslip flower in my front garden in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham.

15 March 2008
A few Lesser Celandine were noted in the south-west part of St. Mary de Haura churchyard in central Shoreham.

12 March 2008
A clump of Spring Starflower, Ipheion uniflorum, (an alien species) was blown about in the gusts to Gale Force 9 on Shoreham Beach.  There were several clumps of Wild Turnip, Brassica rapa, (possibly arable escapes) scattered about on the shingle.

11 March 2008
Danish Scurvygrass, Cochlearia danica, was recorded on Shoreham Beach.

9 March 2008
 
Hairy Bitter Cress, Cardamine hirsuta
or possibly 
Wavy Bitter Cress, Cardamine flexuosa
in Buckingham Park 
and on wasteland and verges
Umbellifer in Buckingham Park
A very early Cow Parsley, 
Anthriscus sylvestris
Sweet Violet on the Pixie Path

Hairy Bitter Cress has four, sometimes five stamens, whereas the Wavy Bitter Cress has six.

Technical information from Malcolm Storey (BioImages) on the UK Botany Yahoo Group


Other flowers noted included Common Daisies, White Deadnettle, Greater Periwinkle, Groundsel and Field Speedwell.

3 March 2008
There was a very small patch of Field Speedwell on a verge at the eastern end of The Hamm in Shoreham town. The is prevalent small plant was probably already widespread on wasteland and verges.

29 February 2008
Greater Periwinkle are still to be seen in flower in occasional wild gardens and adjoining wild verges in and around Shoreham.

27 February 2008
Frequent Sweet Violets were now to be seen flowering on the lower slopes and under the thorn in the scrub in the north-west corner of Mill Hill.
Adur Violets

26 February 2008
 
Coltsfoot

At least a hundred yellow Coltsfoot were flowering on the Downs Link Cyclepath south of the derelict Shoreham Cement Works. Dandelions were in flower on waste land and the verges. Daffodils were flowering in clumps near the riverbank towpath.

18 February 2008
A very small clump of Field Speedwell of just a few flowers was seen at the top of Chanctonbury Drive, near Mill Hill. A few Dandelions were in flower on road verges.

13 February 2008
A clump of Sweet Violets were in flower on a Lancing verge on the south side of the main A27 road by Lancing Manor with Lesser Celandine.
 
12 February 2008
Hairy Bittercress is flowering in my Lancing front garden, it's just a small, rarely noticed wild flower of no special merit. It's not usually expected to flower until March.
Report by Ray Hamblett on flickr

10 February 2008
A handful of Sweet Violets were in flower at the top of the wooded slopes on the southern section of Mill Hill.
Adur Violets

1 February 2008
Lesser Celandine was seen flowering for the first time on the verges of the Withy Gap Layby, north Lancing, with Yarrow also seen in the same area, assumed to be flowering from last year. The Lesser Celandine was battered by yesterday's storm and all the seventy or so flowerheads had lost some petals. Dandelion was flowering at the top of McIntyres Field, north Lancing.

Snowdrops at the Old Rectory28 January 2008
The first Snowdrops were spotted in their hundreds in the semi-wild field/gardens at the entrance to the 'Old Rectory', Coombes.

January 2008
One of the Hawkweeds on the Dolphin Road (Shoreham) edge and further Greater Periwinkles and the remnants of Ragwort in wild front gardens were seen in the first half of January 2008.

1 January 2008
The first wild flower of 2008 was a Greater Periwinkle by the road to Mill Hill, but the habitat was more like a wild front garden.
 

Wild Flowers 2007
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)


Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin



flickr

Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk



Books
 

Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM



SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild Basil