Adur Orchids
Wild Flowers
Addenda 2009
 
 

from January 2009
Link to Trees 2009
 
 
To see a World in a grain of sand,
And Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour.

William Blake

Sussex Wild Flora
Wild Flora on Chalk  on  flickr


Wild Flower Reports 2010

14 December 2009
Although battered by the recent rain, there were frequent Sow Thistles, at least two clumps of Scentless Mayweed and Yarrow in flower on the verge of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. There may have been more, but the weather was inclement. Greater Periwinkle was in flower in an urban garden which had been wild for many years. Kidney Vetch appeared on Shoreham Beach west.

2 December 2009
Wild plants observed in flower were occasional Sow Thistles, one Hardhead, two Ox-eye Daisies (single flowers in separate clumps) and a few flowers of Scentless Mayweed in one clump near the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. All these were recorded in five minutes along the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath within the boundaries of Shoreham, before the rain teemed down.

19 November 2009
The following flowers were noted on the edge of paths in Old Shoreham: frequent Sow Thistles, occasional Common Mallow, one Hardhead, a few Dandelions, a few Scentless Mayweed, frequent Yarrow and occasional Wild Carrot.

17 November 2009
A very brief (one hour) spell in the inclement weather revealed the following plants in flower: frequent Autumnal (?) Hawkbit, at least one Sweet Violet and two Wild Basil on Mill Hill, frequent Sow Thistles on the Pixie Path and a few Dandelions on road sides.

Early November 2009
 

 
Carline Thistle
Sweet Violet
Wayfaring Tree

Nipplewort and Annual Wall Rocket were frequently seen on the wall-pavement edges and in cracks in the paving in twittens in Shoreham.

4 November 2009
Additional plants in flower added to the list included Hogweed, Creeping Thistle, Scentless Mayweed, Common Mallow and Green Alkanet on the outskirts of Old Shoreham, and a single Sweet Violet was spotted on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. The Carline Thistle leaves on Mill Hill had turned silver and the flowers had not been visited for nectar for at least two weeks.

2-3 November 2009
 

Kidney Vetch
 Hawkbit
Nostoc Commune
(an algae)
Smooth Sow Thistle ??
Hedge Woundwort
 Smooth Sow Thistle ??
Wild Basil

Plants noted in flower included Kidney Vetch still in flower on Buckingham Cutting (south), Hedge Woundwort on the verges of the Waterworks Road, frequent Nippleworts and Sow Thistles widespread on the verges, with the occasional Cat's Ear and Yarrow on waste ground everywhere. On Mill Hill, the Hawkbits were prevalent, but other plants were scarce, a few Wild Basil and Common Centaury, patches of Field Speedwell, an occasional Greater Knapweed and Hardheads (Lesser Knapweed) were noted in passing.

25 October 2009
I was surprised to discover a few Kidney Vetch still in flower on Buckingham Cutting (south). A Fleabane and Common Hogweed were flowering on the verge of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham.

Mid October 2009
 

Sea Aster
Welsh Poppy
Yew
Green Alkanet

12 October 2009
Hedge Woundwort was still in flower on the verges of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham, and there was still an occasional Small Scabious on Mill Hill (near the gate in the north-west corner).

Early October 2009
 

Tansy
Nipplewort
Nipplewort
 Tansy
Tansy

8 October 2009
Shrubs were covered in the red berries of Hawthorn, Holly, Wayfaring Tree, Dog Rose, Yew Taxus and Cotoneaster, and black berries of Bramble, Elderflower and Privet on the downs and outskirts of Shoreham. (Images)
Adur in Berry (October 2009)
Brown tipped bracts indicate the Common Ragwort on the lower slopes of Mill Hill
29 September 2009
Tansy was in flower by the fence surrounding Ricardo's and it has probably been in flower for several weeks. 
Ragwort can be mistaken for Tansy at this time of the year.

Brown tipped bracts indicate the Common Ragwort on the lower slopes of Mill Hill.
 

Late September 2009
 

Tamarisk
Tansy
Holly
Ivy

27 September 2009
Holly was spotted in berry on the Pixie Path.

25 September 2009
Devil's Bit Scabious was in flower in the centre of Anchor Bottom and on the south-facing Horseshoe Vetch slope, the first time I had recorded it in this location. The reason why it was missed is that I have not visited this location in late September before.

6 September 2009
 

Red Admiral on Ivy
 Sea Aster
Sea Aster
Buddleia Seedling
Ivy
Ivy

On the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath I noted a few small clumps of both Scentless Mayweed and Ox-eye Daisies still in flower next to each other. Ox-eye Daisies are meant to cease flowering in August, so there is a query that this could be a closely related plant?

1 September 2009
Water Mint was seen flowering on the verge of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath just north of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham.
 

Chalkhill Blue on Carline Thistle
Mating Adonis Blues
Devil's Bit Scabious
Carline Thistle
Carline Thistle
Devil's Bit Scabious
Devil's Bit Scabious

25 August 2009
The first signs of flowering Devil's Bit Scabious were found on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. They were not flowering enough to distract the Meadow Brown and Adonis Blue Butterflies from the Carline Thistle.

Mid-August 2009
 

Yarrow & Greater Knapweed
Yarrow & Greater Knapweed on Mill Hill
Greater Knapweed
Rosebay Willowherb
Autumn Gentian

12 August 2009
The first Autumn Lady's Tresses (a small orchid) and Harebell of 2009 were spotted on the Horseshoe Vetch slope at Anchor Bottom.
Adur Orchids

Mid-August 2009
 

Lucerne 
Goldenrod
Hedge Woundwort
Yellow Rattle
(gone to seed)
 Autumn Lady's Tresses

5 August 2009
 

Water Mint
Purple Loosestrife
by Lancing 
Ring Dewpond
Hemp Agrimony
Carline Thistle in flower on Mill Hill

2 & 3 August 2009
 

Mouse-eared Hawkweed
on the Mill Hill Cutting (SW)
Carline Thistle
in flower on Mill Hill
Autumn Gentian
on the Mill Hill Cutting (SW)
Chicory
at Old Erringham on the verges of the Steyning Road south of the Cement Works
Bellflower
on the verges of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath at Old Shoreham

31 July 2009
Autumnal Hawkbit was in flower on Mill Hill and the first Autumn Gentian of the year was flowering on the Mill Hill Cutting, south-west.

29 July 2009
The first new flowers of the year of Carline Thistle appeared on Buckingham Cutting south, but the flowers had not yet opened on Mill Hill. Autumn Gentian was appearing in profusion but it was not yet flowering. It was found on the lower and middle slopes of Mill Hill, but mostly on the exposed plateau at the top. It had appeared for at least a week and this plant was also seen on the Mill Hill Cutting, south-west. An unknown purple-blue flower was seen on the verge of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath just north of the Toll Bridge and I think is is a garden escape, perhaps a Bellflower (to be investigated).

25 July 2009
A passage observation on the divided horse pasture of Frampton's Field, Old Shoreham showed Red Bartsia, Scentless Mayweed, Dock and the smaller Hop Trefoil in plentiful flower in horse grazed compartments with lesser amounts of Creeping Thistle and Stinging Nettle.

23 July 2009
In the Triangle area of Mill Hill, clumps of Stemless Thistle in flower were noted with eight flowers and probably about twenty plants all grouped together with their prickly leaves overlapping. Red Bartsia was noted for the first time this year in the meadows on Mill Hill, but this easily missed plant is widespread on chalk and has probably been flowering for at least a week before this mention.
 

Stemless Thistle
In the Triangle area of Mill Hill, clumps of Stemless Thistle in flower were noted with eight flowers and probably about twenty plants
Stemless Thistle
Stemless Thistles
Welted Thistle ?
 Common  Toadflax
Red Bartsia

Greater Knapweed Meadow (Image)
Knapweed Studies

20 July 2009
Common Toadflax was now to be seen on the verges of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath in Old Shoreham. Wild Parsley (a common umbellifer) was in flower and has been for at least a month, but it has not been mentioned before.

17 July 2009
 

Tufted Vetch
Wild Basil
Hemp Agrimony
Fleabane
Scentless Mayweed

At this time of the year, Scentless Mayweed is the dominant daisy on the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath to Upper Beeding, but occasional clumps of flowering Ox-eye Daisies remain.
Daisy Comparison Images

16 July 2009
A Peach-leaved Bellflower was seen on the Slonk Hill Cutting southern bank in the shade of the trees.
Greater Knapweed Butterfly Study
 

Wild Basil
Meadowsweet
Wild Marjoram
Round-headed Rampion
Peach-leaved Bellflower

14 July 2009
Meadowsweet, Filipendula ulmaria, was common at Tottington Woods, Small Dole, and this plant has not been recorded before on these Adur Nature Notes.

13 July 2009
In the pasture at Old Erringham by gate leading to the north-west part of Mill Hill Nature Reserve a handful of Round-headed Rampion were seen in flower for the first time this year.

12 July 2009
As the breeze blew the upright Teasel almost horizontal at times, on the verges of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath I noted that Fleabane was frequently in flower when a few days ago their orange discs were just appearing, and Wild Marjoram was seen for the first time this year on the path north of the Toll Bridge.

5 July 2009
The first Stemless Thistle and the first Clematis of the year were seen in flower on the lower slopes of Mill Hill.
 

Teasel
Stemless Thistle
Small Scabious
Meadow Cranesbill

3 July 2009
The lilac-purple flowers of Teasel were noticed for the first time this year on the edge of the cyclepath from Botolphs to Annington Sewer and the north. Goldfinches noticed as well with one small chirm noted visiting the Teasels.

2 July 2009
A large clump of Common Toadflax was seen on the Mill Hill Cutting (south) in flower for the first time this year. Squinancywort on the lower slopes of Mill Hill were seen in flower on the hill for the first time in 2009 and Meadow Cranesbill was spotted in the upper meadows. Greater Knapweed was in various stages from pre-flowering to the after flowering disc appearance.

1 July 2009
 

Rosebay Willowherb
Red Star Thistle
Common Poppies
Common Mallow
Perforate 
St. John's Wort

A visit to Southwick Hill discovered Red Star Thistle (a Knapweed) to be common and seen for the first time this year with plentiful Common Poppies, Scentless Mayweed and Rosebay Willowherb notable for being common. Field Scabious was noted on record for the first time this year seen in flower on the verges of the bridlepath from Southwick Hill going west to Mossy Bottom (New Erringham).

29 June 2009

Yarrow was seen in flower on road sides and verges.

28 June 2009
 

Spear Thistle
Greater Willowherb
Red Deadnettle
Musk Mallow
Restharrow

I spotted my first Musk Mallow and my first Wild Basil of the year and the beginnings of a flower of Fleabane on the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath where Spear Thistle was noted in flower for the second time this year.

26 June 2009
Hemlock Water Dropwort, Hogweed and Mugwort were seen in flower on the verges of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath and both had probably been in flower at least since the beginning of the month, but the first Greater Willowherb was only just flowering, three flowers seen on one tall plant south of the Toll Bridge. Welted Thistle, Carduus crispus, was seen in flower. It has been mixed up with Slender Thistle observations and has been in flower for several weeks. The Ox-eye Daisies were looking battered and many had lost some of their multiple petals, but the superficially similar Scentless Mayweed was coming to the fore.
Adur Umbellifers
Adur Thistles
Adur Daisies

25 June 2009
 

Biting Stonecrop
Silver Ragwort
White Stonecrop
Red Valerian and 
White Stonecrop
Starry Clover

White Stonecrop, Sedum album, was seen in flower on the shingle of Shoreham Beach for the first time this year. The daisy-like Feverfew was also spotted for the first time on the shingle next to the Widewater Cyclepath. Childing Pink, Petrorhagia nanteuilii, was present in small numbers, all with single flowers in their usual place in a small patch at Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach (east), nearly being swamped out by Kidney Vetch. Near Old Fort the expanse of Starry Clover, Trifolium stellatum, flowering was coming to an end. Red Deadnettle is in flower on wasteland, including the beach margins, in late June.
Adur Stonecrops

22 June 2009
 

Sea Spurrey
Slender Thistle
Water Crowfoot
Opium Poppies and Common Poppies

New additions to the list of plants in flower included the Sea Spurrey on the towpath north of the Toll Bridge around the high tide mark, Buddleia on the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath, Water Crowfoot, Ranunculus peltatus, in a stream next to the path, and the beginnings of Hemp Agrimony on the verges.

21 June 2009
 

Lady's Mantle
Lady's Mantle
Common Centaury
Tufted Vetch
Yellow Wort
Musk Thistle

Tufted Vetch, Common Centaury, Mouse-eared Hawkweed and Lady's Mantle, Alchemilla, were all seen in flower for the first time this year on the southern bank of the Slonk Hill Cutting, and the first three on Mill Hill as well. A seed head of Goat's Beard was noted on the Buckingham Cutting (south). A single flower of Small Scabious was also spotted on the lower slopes of Mill Hill for the first time this year.
 

Borage
Privet on the lower slopes of Mill Hill
Purple Toadflax
Small Scabious
Borage

Privet was flowering in profusion and intruding on the lower slopes of Mill Hill in a damaging way (damaging to the long term prospects of the butterflies).

20 June 2009
A clump of Borage was in flower on the wasteland on the embankment which was the old railway track by the Riverside Business Centre. The top had been scraped off in a clearance in 2007, but now ruderal opportunist wild plants like Opium Poppy had begun to settle.

19 June 2009
 

Small Skipper on Greater Knapweed
Field of Flax, east Lancing
Fumitory
Great Mullein
Agrimony
Greater Knapweed

New plants in flower recorded were Great Mullein near the Lancing Farm College pond, Fumitory and Meadow's Cranesbill in a Flax field near Hoe's Cottage, Lancing, Rosebay Willowherb and Lesser Burdock in the eastern car park area of Lancing Ring Nature Reserve, and Perforate St. John's Wort on the Coastal Link Cyclepath verges south of the Toll Bridge.

14 June 2009
Restharrow on the verges of the Steyning Road, north of Old Shoreham, was another addition to the plants in flower seen for the first time this year. Biting Stonecrop, Sedum acre, was also added from a very small patch on the the flowering Shoreham Beach south of Winterton Way (eastern end). Tall Melilot was recorded for the first time this year on the Downs Link Cyclepath verges south of the Toll Bridge.

13 June 2009WillowherbWillowherbWillowherb
On the outskirts of Shoreham, the small elongate Vervain, the alien Everlasting Pea and in the Shoreham town twittens there was one small Willowherb, Epilobium sp., in flower. The twittens hosted the omnipresent Groundsel in flower. The umbellifer Sea Carrot had appeared and had been in flower for several weeks, although I had not yet noted the tiny red flower in the white crowns.

  Local Willowherbs
 
AMERICAN WILLOWHERB  Epilobium ciliatum  
HAIRY WILLOWHERB Epilobium hirsutum  
BROAD-LEAVED WILLOWHERB Epilobium montanum  
SHORT-FRUITED WILLOWHERB Epilobium obscurum  
HOARY WILLOWHERB Epilobium parviflorum  
SQUARE-STALKED WILLOWHERB Epilobium tetragonum  

 Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

12 June 2009
 

Meadow Vetchling
Fragrant Orchid
Meadow Vetchling
Hedge Woundwort
Self-Heal
Yellow Rattle

Lesser StitchwortOn the Coastal Link Cyclepath the following wild plants were recorded in flower for the first time this year: Hemp Agrimony (one), Lesser Stitchwort (frequent), Scentless Mayweed, Hedge Woundwort (a few beginning to flower), and on Anchor Bottom there were the first Yellow Rattle. Self-Heal was now seen in patches but it had recorded earlier as a solitary flower.
At patch of over fifty Fragrant Orchids on the southern (south-west, north facing) bank of Anchor Bottom was unprecedented in these records.
Adur Orchid Images 2009
Adur Orchids

11 June 2009
A large clump of Spear Thistle was seen in flower in central Shoreham (Western Road) for the first time this year.
Adur Thistles

10 June 2009
 

Wild Thyme
Greater Knapweed
Common Vetch
Purple Toadflax
Comfrey
Common Rock Rose
Common Vetch

New wild plants recorded in flower for the first time this year included Common Rock Rose at Stonechat Junction, New Erringham, and Cleavers next to the bridlepath from Slonk Hill Farm northwards. The flowering of St. John's Wort was imminent. Trailing Bellflower, Campanula porscharskayana, was noted as an alien garden escape in the linear wood between the gardens and the road embankment on the south side of the Slonk Hill Cutting.

8 June 2009
 

Viper's Bugloss
Creeping Thistle
Horseshoe Vetch
Seed Pods
Viper's Bugloss
Creeping Thistle 
Musk Thistle

New flowers recorded for 2009 included a single Self-Heal and a patch of Biting Stonecrop, Sedum acre, on a verge at the top of The Drive in Shoreham, and Wild Thyme on the the Mill Hill Cutting (south-west).
On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the first Yellow Wort was seen with the flowers closed in the afternoon, as well as the first patches of Wild Thyme. On the edge of the ridge by the Reservoir on Mill Hill the Musk Thistle was beginning to flower in half a dozen large clumps. There was single first of the year Greater Knapweed in flower by the southern cattle grid on Mill Hill. Privet had been flowering for a few weeks (I did not note that date when it was first seen).
There was patch of Bird's Foot Trefoil in a field to the east of the large roundabout on the Adur Levels (to the west of the southern part of Mill Hill) that could be seen from Mill Hill.
Adur Thistles

7 June 2009
 

Pyramidal Orchid Bee Orchid
Pyramidal Orchid
Bee Orchid
Southern Marsh Orchid
 Common 
Spotted Orchid
Fragrant Orchid

Wild plants noted in flower for the first time (although the first two had been in flower for days or weeks) in Shoreham and the outskirts were Common Bindweed and the ones recently starting flowering were Field Bindweed and Creeping Thistle. Opium Poppy is a naturalised escape that is quick to colonise waste ground and was seen in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham and this poppy was seen on the side of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham, and Bristly Ox-Tongue was also in flower on the verges of this cyclepath.
An orchid on the Mill Hill Cutting (south-west) was a mystery at first. There are seven votes for the Southern Marsh Orchid, Dactylorhiza praetermissa, previously Orchis praetermissa.
Adur Thistles

3 June 2009
Silver Ragwort in flower on Southwick Beach (east of Carat's Cafe) was a new addition to the flora list in flower this year.

2 June 2009
 

Red Valerian and Sea Kale on Shoreham Beach
Red Valerian and Kidney Vetch on Shoreham Beach
Red Valerian
Viper's Bugloss
Red Valerian and Kidney Vetch

Shoreham Beach Flowers

Tufted Vetch on the verges of the Steyning Road (north of Old Shoreham) and a dozen or so Bee Orchids on the verge of Mill Hill Drive, Old Shoreham, were two new flowers seen for the first time this year. The first Pyramidal Orchid of the year was seen on the on the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of Upper Beeding with a solitary Common Spotted Orchid nearby.
Adur Orchids

31 May 2009
From a distance the yellow carpet of Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, on the lower slopes of Mill Hillhad disappeared and this leguminous herb was fading rapidly with the first horseshoe seed pods visible if you looked carefully. Bird's Foot Trefoil was now appearing on the lower slopes. On the lower slopes Dropwort was now flowering and now that the Horseshoe Vetch had faded I spotted a solitary Dog Violet. Rough Hawkbit was noted on the lower slopes for the first time this year. Elderflower was blossoming on Mill Hill and Wayfaring Tree was sporting its clusters of white flowers.
Yellow-horned Poppy in the shelter of a Syenite BoulderCommon Spotted Orchids were now in flower on the southern side of the Buckingham Cutting.
Adur Orchids

29 May 2009
Yellow-horned Poppy was seen in bountiful flower for the first time this year on Lancing Beach (near the Church of the Good Shepherd), but the extent of its bloom indicated it had been flowering for over a week before I recorded it.

27 May 2009
Common Mallow was seen in flower and it is probably been in flower for weeks but I did not note it. Yellow Flag Iris was flowering next to Ladywell's Stream near Cuckoo's Corner.
 

Hardhead
Broad Bean Dropwort
Hardhead 
(or Lesser Knapweed)
Yellow Flag Iris
Broad Bean
 Dropwort

The yellow flowers of Oil Seed Rape covered a field immediately north-west of the A27 Flyover. The other distinctive commercial crop was Broad Bean north-east of Cuckoo's Corner.

25 May 2009
The purple variety of Goat's Beard was just beginning to open in flower on Kingston Buci Beach.

24 May 2009
Wild plants seen for the first time in flower this year included Dog Rose on Mill Hill and the outskirts of Shoreham, Bittersweet on Mill Hill by the Reservoir, Eyebright and Grass Vetchling on the Pixie Path, Rough Hawkbit on Buckingham Cutting south, and Scarlet Pimpernel on the Coastal Link Cyclepath north of Ropetackle.
 

Eyebright
Scarlet Pimpernel
Bittersweet
Grass Vetchling
Eyebright
Scarlet Pimpernel
Bittersweet
Horseshoe Vetch

Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was fading on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. A Hairy Violet was spotted in a hole on the middle slopes. A Green-veined Orchid was spotted in flower on Mill Hill Cutting south-west. This specimen did not have spots on its leaves.
Adur Orchids
Adur Violets

23 May 2009
Shoreham Beach (especially over the border in Lancing to the west of the Church of Good Shepherd) was covered in swathes of flowering Red Valerian and Sea Kale and Viper's Bugloss was in flower (first time noted this year although flowering must have occurred for at least a week) plus the first Slender Thistle in flower this year.

21 May 2009
Sainfoin
Hedge Mustard
Hedge Mustard
 Hedge Mustard
Hedge Mustard

Wild plants recorded in flower for the first time this year included Sainfoin on the Coastal Link Cyclepath and on Anchor Bottom amongst the large patch of Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, and on the cyclepath, Hop Trefoil, Comfrey (at Upper Beeding), Hedge Mustard (first record), one Red Poppy and Hardheads. On Anchor Bottom, a few (not many) Green-veined Orchids were in flower.  A few Common Spotted Orchids appeared on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath and in its usual place of abundance on the Slonk Hill Cutting south bank.
Adur Orchids

20 May 2009
 

Horseshoe Vetch on the lower slopes of Mill Hill
Common Spotted Orchid
Bird's Foot Trefoil
Horseshoe Vetch on
the lower slopes of Mill Hill
Common Spotted Orchid
Common Spotted Orchid
 Bird's Foot Trefoil

My first of the year and first ever Spotted Orchid was a surprise on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, with Fairy Flax now beginning to flower. Salad Burnet was now showing on the Buckingham Cutting south. But the Spotted Orchids were showing leaves but not yet seen in flower on the Slonk Hill Cutting south embankment.
Adur Orchids

19 May 2009
The naturalised Geranium sylvaticum was in flower on the side of the western towpath of the River Adur by the Railway Viaduct, with Ribbed Melilot in clumps on the Coastal Link Cyclepath just north of the Toll Bridge. Both were seen for the first time this year. Bramble had been on flower since the beginning of the month, but there were still only frequent flowers. The tall Purple Toadflax was in flower, notably by the side of the railway track next to the crossing gates at Eastern Avenue, Shoreham. Clumps of Wild Mignonette had been in flower for some time on the Adur Levels (over a week) and not noted before.

17 May 2009
 
Horseshoe Vetch in flower on Mill Hill

On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was at its peak on a blustery (Force 5 gusting to Force 6) late morning but the Privet could be seen to be making serious inroads compared to previous years.
Flowering Dates of Horseshoe Vetch

Tree Mallow13 May 2009
Next to Widewater Coastal Cyclepath I noticed both Sea Campion and White Campion in flower as well as Tree Mallow for the first time this year in its usual location as the cyclepath narrows to the west before Lancing Beach Green.
 
Sea Campion White Campion

12 May 2009
A Force 5 Breeze from the east blew the flowers around. Noted on Southwick beach for the first time this year in flower were Sea Campion and Kidney Vetch. Oil Seed Rape is in flower in waste niches all over the place and has been for over a month.
 

Sea Kale & Bird's Foot Trefoil

Southwick Beach flowers (Sea Kale and Bird's Foot Trefoil)

10 May 2009
 

Horseshoe Vetch on Mill Hill
Annual Wall Rocket
Horseshoe Vetch on Mill Hill
Annual Wall Rocket

A single violet was noticed with a purple spur the lower slopes of Mill Hill, and this could have been the first Hairy Violet of the year. Hounds-tongue was just beginning to flower on Mill Hill near the Reservoir.
 

Hounds-tongue on Mill Hill
Ox-eye Daisy
Bulbous Buttercup
Ribwort Plantain
Hounds-tongue

9 May 2009
Wild plants seen in flower on the outskirts of Shoreham for the first time this year were Bird's Foot Trefoil (long-stalked variety),  the first Ox-eye Daisies and Meadow Vetchling on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. White Campion was seen just about in flower on the side of the the Pixie Path to Mill Hill. Ribwort Plantain was widespread.

8 May 2009
Although far from newsworthy, the White Clover was noted on the grass verges in Shoreham town.

5 May 2009
Nipplewort was in flower by the flint wall edge of the road at the top of The Street, Old Shoreham.

30 April 2009
Wild native plants in flower spotted for the first time this year include the small yellow flowers of Wood Avens and Annual Wall Rocket on waste land and Sea Kale on the shingle of Shoreham Beach. Hawthorn was blossoming. Cow Parsley has been in flower for a couple of weeks, at least.
 

Red Campion
Sea Kale
Wood Avens
Hawthorn (in the Butterfly Copse near the Waterworks Road)
Red Campion
Sea Kale
Wood Avens
Hawthorn

The naturalised Duke of Argyll's Tea Tree (=Wolfberry), Lycium, was spotted by the towpath on the Airport side of the River Adur near the Railway Viaduct.

Silverweed on Mil Hill (above the ridge, near the Reservoir)26 April 2009
Silverweed was seen in flower or the first time this year by the side of the Steyning Road. The leaves had been seen spreading over Mill Hill in the last week.

24 April 2009
Sow Thistles are now flowering on waste ground and verges. Both Smooth Sow Thistle and Prickly Sow Thistle were identified or the first time this year.

23 April 2009
Red Campion by Ladywells north of Cuckoo's Corner on the Coombes Road, Dove's-foot Crane's-bill on the verges of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham, and Sea Thrift on the Widewater flood plain were recorded for the first time this year.
 

Sea Thrift on the Widewater Flood Plain
Common Mouse-ear
Common Vetch
Dove's-foot Crane's-bill
Sea Thrift
Common Mouse-ear 

21 April 2009
Red Clover was noted on the roadside verges on the Steyning Road by the roundabout north of Old Shoreham for the first time this year, as was Common Mouse-ear in flower on the verge of the Waterworks Road. I visited Anchor Bottom, Upper Beeding, but I could not find any Green-winged Orchids in flower. It was too early for them.

20 April 2009
 

Black Medick
Wood Anemone
Black Medick
Wood Anemone
Ground Ivy

Garlic Mustard was noted as very common on the outskirts of Shoreham especially on the verges of the Coombes Road near Cuckoo's Corner. New first of the year in the wild were Marsh Marigold in Lancing Ring dewpond, and Common Vetch and Black Medick on the outskirts of town. Primroses were fading near Lancing College and on Lancing Clump the Wood Anemones were already drooping. There were large patches of Ground Ivy notably near Cuckoo's Corner.

19 April 2009
 

Lesser Hawkbit
Horseshoe Vetch
Dog Violets on Mill Hill
Germander Speedwell
Lesser Hawkbit
Horseshoe Vetch
Dog Violet
Germander Speedwell

Germander Speedwell was noted in flower for the first time this year on the lower slopes of Mill Hill near the path. The spiky flowers of a Sedge, Carex, were common on the lower slopes. Garlic Mustard was prevalent on the outskirts and wild pockets of Shoreham, even establishing itself on the edge of twittens. Red Valerian and the tiny flowers in clumps of Corn Salad, Valerianella. were noted in flower on waste land.

16 April 2009
 

Ivy-leaved Toadflax on a flint wall with Green Alkanet
Herb Robert
Garlic Mustard
Green Alkanet
Field Speedwell
Ivy-leaved Toadflax &
Green Alkanet
Herb Robert
Garlic Mustard
Green Alkanet
 Field Speedwell

First signs of Horseshoe Vetch14 April 2009
The first yellow Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, flowers appear on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, hosting small black pollen beetles, Meligethes erichsoni. Field Speedwell and Lesser Hawkbit were noted.
Horseshoe Vetch starts flowering in middle to late April, peaks in mid-May, continues in profusion for about a week and is usually all over by the first week in June.
Flowering Dates of Horseshoe Vetch

Ragwort and Herb Robertwere seen flowering in Shoreham town and Ivy-leaved Toadflax on flint walls.
This report was incomplete because of a computer failure. New flowers noted may have been omitted.

The Early Purple Orchid was showing the first flowers under the trees on Lancing Clump.

Report & Photograph by Ray Hamblett on the new Friends of Lancing Ring web pages
Adur Orchids

13 April 2009
Milkwort was recorded for the first time this year on the on the Pixie Path to Mill Hill. I think they were the first native Bluebells at the entrance to the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham. The flowers were drooping from just one side of the stem. This identification feature on its own is not definitive though.

7 April 2009
 

Blackthorn on Lancing Ring Nature Reserve Primroses near Lancing College

Primroses

Green Alkanet at Cuckoo's Corner

Primroses were in a bank alongside the entrance road to Lancing College and seen for the first time this year. Bluebells were just making a start but these were the introduced variety. White Deadnettle flowers profusely at this time of the year. Grape Hyacinths, Muscari, are a garden plant naturalised in the semi-wild.

6 April 2009
Thousands of Dog Violets now dominated the lower slopes of Mill Hill, although hundreds of fading Sweet Violets could still be easily found. On the lower slopes the only flowers were isolated Dandelions, a few Common Daisies and one clump of Daffodils. The Carline Thistle was dead with silver leaves. The area where the Cowslips are usually found had now been overgrown with bushes.
 
Dog Violets on the lower slopes of Mill Hill Sweet Violets under the scrub on Mill Hill Dog Violets and Sweet Violet

The Sweet Violets under the Hawthorn scrub by the steps in the north-west were still in good condition. There were frequent Blackthorn bushes in flower but these are not common on Mill Hill and much less in number than Lancing Ring.
The amount of cattle excrement over the top of Mill Hill was now a serious impediment to the enjoyment of the hill.
Greater Periwinkle and Forget-me-nots were in flower in Buckingham Park, but these are almost garden plants. In the same location adjoining the wire fence on the north-western part of the park, the Garlic Mustard had not yet flowered.
Adur Violets

5 April 2009
An attractive clump of Wood Anemones were in flower in the shaded woodland not far from the Dewpond on Lancing Ring.

Report by Ray Hamblett on the new Friends of Lancing Ring web pages

 
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Garlic Mustard
Cuckoo Flower
Cuckoo Flower
Cowslips

The first Hawthorn was seen in flower at Cuckoo's Corner. Wild plants seen flowering for the first time this year on the Adur Levels were Garlic Mustard (its location on the verges of the Coombes Road made me think of its alternative common name of Jack-by-the-Hedge), Cuckoo Flower (also called Lady's Smock) next to a stream near Botolphs, Cowslips on the Coastal Link Cyclepath and a single Marsh Marigold in my front garden in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham.

3 April 2009
 

Further observations of the Allium covering about three square metres on the Pixie Path (TQ 211 064) indicate that the majority were curly on the path but nearer the shelter of the chestnut fencing and shrub, the plants were much more upright to at least 20 cm and some of them did not curl at all. The stems were hollow. The identification is now to Field Garlic, Allium oleraceum. (Revised below).
The Sussex Plant Atlas shows the Field Garlic as probably extinct since 1927 and the Wild Onion as present in this location, so the very first choice of a trampled version of the Crow Garlic or Wild Onion, Allium vineale, is now the only sensible choice.

ID suggestion by Rodney BurtonDarrell Watts on the UK Botany Yahoo Group
Distribution of Field Garlic in Britain (map)

2 April 2009
The first Green Alkanet was beginning to flower on the verges of the footpath section of the Waterworks Road. The first Dandelion clocks of 2009 were seen on the wild area at the top of The Street, Old Shoreham. Blackthorn (=Sloe) was flowering by the Steyning Road, north of Old Shoreham.

29 March 2009
Ground Ivy is now flowering on Lancing Ring Nature Reserve visited by Dotted Bee-flies, Bombylius discolor, using their long feeding tubes to take nectar.
Extended Report

Report by Ray Hamblett on the new Friends of Lancing Ring web pages

 
Sloethorn ????  on the Pixie Path

The first Blackthorn of the year was seen in flower on the side of the Coastal Link Cyclepath a few metres south of  Old Shoreham Toll Bridge and the first Dog Violet on the Pixie Path to Mill Hill.
Adur Violets

The grass-like plant on the far right above is probably the Serpentine Garlic, Allium sativum ophiuscorodon, but I'm not certain.
This cultivated escaped alien would have been a new addition to the Shoreham flora list.

ID by Peter on the UK Botany Yahoo Group
The identification is:
A number of Alliums can have curly leaves, genuinely wild Chives, Allium schoenoprasum, comes to mind (but it's not your plant).
Having looked again Field Garlic, Allium oleraceum, would be another suggestion, as it's leaves are curly and should be "hollow and round underneath, with a prominently ribbed flat top"
Comment by Darrell Watts on the UK Botany Yahoo Group


The correct ID is the original one of the Crow Garlic or Wild Onion, Allium vineale.

ID suggestion by Rodney BurtonDarrell Watts on the UK Botany Yahoo Group
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

22 March 2009
 

At least three Peacock Butterflies visited the Sweet Violets on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. One characteristic of the violets on this original chalkhill although there were tens of thousands scattered over the main transect area, the leaves were exiguous compared to violets growing in more fertile soil. A Dandelion with diminutive leaves was noted on the lower slopes of Mill Hill.
Adur Butterfly List 2009
 

Sweet Violets


20 March 2009
 

Coltsfoot was in flower on the verges of the Coastal Link Cyclepath south of  Upper Beeding.


18 March 2009
The first leaves of the Early Purple Orchids appeared underneath the Beech trees on Lancing Ring. Sweet Violets were flowering in the clumps in the meadows. 

Adur Orchids
Adur Violets

Lesser Celandine16 March 2009
Lesser Celandine was beginning to flower although some in shadier areas the flowers had not yet opened. A few Forget-me-Nots were seen in passing.

15 March 2009
With first signs of spring, catkins and Cherry trees in flower, and thousands of Sweet Violets were in flower scattered over the lower slopes of Mill Hill.

2 March 2009
There were scores of Sweet Violets seen in flower on the north-south section of the Pixie Path to Mill Hill and scores more on the edge of the grass adjoining the copse at the top of Chanctonbury Drive, south-east of the bridge over the A27 to Mill Hill.

1 March 2009
There were the first large handful of Sweet Violets seen in flower on the steep slope beneath the seat on the southern section of Mill Hill.
Adur Violets
 
 

Winter Heliotrope
Daffodils

Winter Heliotrope* in flower was a surprise on the introduced soil to Adur Recreation Ground. Daffodils and Red Dead-nettle were in flower on this piece of reclaimed open land south-west of the Norfolk Bridge, Shoreham.
(*ID by Ray Hamblett)

25 February 2009
A Dandelion at the top of the Street, Old Shoreham, adds another plant species in flower this year.

24 February 2009
 

Red Dead-nettle
Common Mouse-ear
Hairy Bitter Cress (Identity to be confirmed)

The first Hairy Bitter Cress Cardamine hirsula, Red Dead-nettle and Common Mouse-ear of the year were seen in flower altogether on a verge at the north-western end of the Toll Bridge. Greater Periwinkle was seen in flower in a garden in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham.

21 February 2009
The first Daffodils of the year were seen on the edge of the unadopted thoroughfare next to the Hamm Road Allotments in Shoreham town.

19 February 2009
The first handful of Lesser Celandine flowers of 2009 were seen amongst the grass on the Withy Gap, Lancing. It is not thought that the flowers are late this year, but they have been earlier in recent years.

16 February 2009
The first Snowdrops of the year were seen in the churchyard of St. Julian's in Kingston Buci.

7 February 2009
On a clear day, Gorse was in flower north of the Toll Bridge.


Wild Flowers 2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)


Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin



flickr

Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk



Books
 

Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM



SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild BasilLink to the Adur Nature Notes 2009 web pages