Flower Reports (Link)
Oxford Ragwort and Prickly Sow Thistle were still flowering near Brunswick Road Railway Level Crossing, Shoreham.
Oxford Ragwort was still flowering by the Eastern Avenue Railway Level Crossing, Shoreham.
Oxford Ragwort was flowering by the Norfolk Bridge, but not Gorse.
On a cycle around on Shoreham Beach, there was Bristly Ox-tongue, Oxford Ragwort, Orange Mayweed, Red Valerian and Smooth Sow Thistle, all in flower. Yarrow and Nipplewort were still in flower in Shoreham town. Shoreham Harbour (northern canal bank at Southwick & Fishersgate) added Gorse, Purple Toadflax, White Melilot, yellow Melilot, Mayweed (one clump), Wild Radish and I daresay other flowers as I was not making notes.
or escaped Common Radish, Raphanus sativus?
Wild Radish is on the local list and the Sussex Plant Atlas describes it as frequent.
On passage I only noted Bristly Ox-tongue, Oxford Ragwort and Yarrow in flower.
Plants still noted in flower at Old Shoreham (cyclepath and towpath) included Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Red Clover, Common Mallow, Melilot and Common Toadflax.
Species identification is under enquiry ?
2 November 2016
Harbour (northern canal bank at Southwick & Fishersgate)
Bristly Ox-tongue, Purple Toadflax, Gorse
Oxford Ragwort, White Melilot
White Melilot, Purple Toadflax, Gorse
Clover Photo Guide
1 November 2016
Hips, Carline Thistle,
Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Greater Knapweed
25 October 2016
is a alien hybrid ragwort first introduced to
into the UK around 1690
via the Oxford Botanic Gardens. It escaped into the wild and spread rapidly
along railway tracks from the late 19th century.
In Shoreham it favours the gravel ballast of the railway track (near Eastern
Avenue Railway Level Crossing) and areas of shingle on Shoreham
Beach. Its flowers are a richer yellow than the native Common
Ragwort and Hoary
Ragwort. It is a more attractive plant with
a longer flowering season. It can be seen in flower from April until
November. The small and weedy Groundsel
still flowering in Old Shoreham.
Sea Purslane and Sea Blite
24 October 2016
in Shoreham not recorded in the last week included one each of Nipplewort
and Creeping Thistle.
Flowers in Old Shoreham included Cat's Ear, Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Rough Hawkbit, Dandelion, Hoary Ragwort, Mayweed, Common Mallow and Common Toadflax.
Seen on passage the following plants were seen on passage on the grass verges in Shoreham: Lesser Hawkbit, Yarrow and Dove's Foot Cranesbill (one). Add Greater Knapweed (one), Red Clover and lots of Rough Hawkbit on Buckingham Cutting (south).
On the shingle beach at Shoreham by Ferry Road, I noted the following weeds in flower: Oxford Ragwort, Dandelion, Smooth Sow Thistle, Hawkweed Ox-tongue and Orache.
On the northern bank (upper cliff grassy part east of the Schooner PH) of Shoreham Harbour canal in Southwick, the following plants were noted in flower: Gorse, Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Rough Hawkbit, Teasels, and Everlasting Pea.
14 October 2016
Carline Thistle, Wild Mignonette, Great Mullein, Small Scabious
Old Man's Beard, Bramble, Yellow Wort, Wild Mignonette
10 October 2016
Under cloudy skies there were lots of yellow flowers on wayside plants with a justified reputation for being difficult to identify. The following dandelion-like flowers were seen and identified: Rough Hawkbit, Lesser Hawkbit, Autumnal Hawkbit, Dandelions, Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Prickly Sow Thistle, Perennial Sow Thistle and Prickly Lettuce.
9 October 2016
Dolphin Industrial Estate, Shoreham
8 October 2016
Bristly Ox-tongue, Yarrow
White Campion x 2, Red Valerian
Lesser Hawkbit, Leontodon saxatilis
Gordon Road verges, Shoreham
Hoary Ragwort, Rosebay Willowherb
Cyclepath at Old Shoreham
2 October 2016
30 September 2016
Link Cyclepath Verges
Teasel, Hogweed, Hawkweed Ox-tongue
Hoary Ragwort, Rosebay Willowherb
On the Downs Link Cyclepath between the Erringham Gap north to the Cement Works, there were very few plants in flower, noting a few examples of Hoary Ragwort, Common Ragwort, Fleabane, Melilot, Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Perennial Sow Thistle (one clump), Common Toadflax and Hogweed.
29 September 2016
Babington's Orache, Silver Ragwort
Black Medick, Rock Samphire, Sea Beet
28 September 2016
Sea Heath, Frankenia laevis
27 September 2016
Orache, Sea Blite, Sea Heath
Sea Blite, Glasswort
Sea Spurrey, Sea Blite, Cord Grass, Glasswort
Glasswort, Cord Grass, Sea Purslane, Sea Purslane
Brackish Flora on 27 September 2016 (Link)
23 - 25 September 2016
Common Orache?, Wall Rocket, Great Lettuce Lactuca virosa
Common Orache? Atriplex patula, Yellow Sorrel
(? ID Query: Are these Goosefoots?)
24 September 2016
Sorrel, Oxalis stricta (originally
identified as Oxalis
Nature Notes first record in Shoreham
The Small Pink Oxalis, Oxalis corymbosa, is the usual one seen
23 September 2016
Devil's Bit Scabious
22 September 2016
Link Cyclepath, Old Shoreham
Perennial Sow Thistle, Sonchus arvensis
Link Cyclepath, Old Shoreham
Perennial Sow Thistle, Rosebay Willowherb (almost all gone to seed), Hoary Ragwort
Common Toadflax, Water Mint, Duke of Argyll Tea Plant
Orache, Sea Beet
Orache, Ray's Knotgrass x 2
19 September 2016
Shingle Beach near Widewater (E)
18 September 2016
Sea Beet, Sea Purslane *, Sea Aster, Orache
Sea Spurrey, Sea Blite, Glasswort
(* River Adur)
Orache (left) (unidentified)
15 September 2016
Sands, Shoreham Beach
Childing Pink, Hare's Foot Clover, Childing Pink Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Fort land, Shoreham Beach
Rock Samphire & Sea Campion, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Thrift
Cat's Ear, Orache (unidentified), Sea Beet
Shoreham Beach Illustrated Report (with more species)
12 September 2016
Carline Thistle, Autumn Gentian
Autumn Lady's Tresses, Field Scabious, Hawthorn
Devil's Bit Scabious
6 September 2016
Hill & Approaches (on Chalk)
Sloe, Ploughman's Spikenard, Bristly Ox-tongue
Hawthorn, Great Mullein
organised walk by Sussex
Botanical Recording Society on Shoreham
Beach Nature Reserve led to the discovery of plants
that were not on the Friends
of Shoreham Beach list or noted before
on these Nature Notes pages. This most notable
of these were the diminutive four-petalled flower and easily overlooked
maritima, and even easier to miss
oxyspermum. Both straggling prostrate plants were discovered right
down on the shingle beach only a metres above the strandline,
in an area where the prostrate form of Spear-leaved Orache,
hastata, was previously thought by
me to be the only wild plant present in this zone.
NB: Even the Orache may have been identified incorrectly by me and it could be Babington's Orache, Atriplex glabriuscula. This one is on the Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List).
Sticky Groundsel, Senecio viscosus, was present on the shingle.
Atriplex littoralis GRASS LEAVED ORACHE
Atriplex glabriuscula BABINGTON'S ORACHE
Atriplex hastata SPEAR-LEAFED ORACHE
Atriplex patula COMMON ORACHE
Orache on Shoreham Beach
can identify plants by their leaves and non flowering characteristics.
maritimum, was confirmed. For
the most part these web pages reports the flowering plants of which the
familiar Bristly Ox-tongue,
Ox-tongue and Cat's
Ear were yellow flowers seen frequently.
Mayweeds BSBI ID Crib
Ray's Knotgrass, Polygonum oxyspermum, is listed as Very Rare in the Sussex Plant Atlas (page 40) and not recorded on Shoreham Beach, nor is it included in Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)
Sea Rocket, Cakile maritima, is listed as Occasional in the Sussex Plant Atlas (page 62) and has one record on Shoreham Beach, and is not included in Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List).
2 September 2016
Upper Beeding, Cyclepath edge near the river
1 September 2016
Traveller's Joy, Devil's Bit Scabious, Carline Thistle
Old Man's Beard
Greater Knapweed, Autumn Gentian, Autumn Gentian
Yellow Rattle, Traveller's Joy/Old Man's Beard
29 August 2016
Bramble, Yarrow, Yarrow
Common Poppy, Bristly Ox-tongue, Common Mallow, Red Deadnettle
26 August 2016
Yellow Wort, Field Bindweed, Carline Thistle, Fleabane
Carline Thistle, Hemp Agrimony, Devil's Bit Scabious
25 August 2016
Levels, Cyclepath, Old Shoreham
Rosebay Willowherb, Common Centaury, Tufted Vetch *, Water Mint
Sea Spurrey #, Lesser Spearwort *, Sea Aster #
(* Buckingham Cutting S) (* Ladywells Stream) (# River Adur mud)
21 August 2016
Shoreham to Erringham Gap
Sow Thistle, Hogweed, Viper's Bugloss
Verbena, Bird's Foot Trefoil, Red Bartsia, Common Toadflax
17 August 2016
Spear-leaved Orache, Water Mint #, Yellow-horned Poppy
Evening Primrose, Tansy*, Creeping Thistle with Rock Samphire
(* Shoreham Riverbank) (# Lancing garden)
15 August 2016
Horseshoe Vetch leaves, Autumn Gentian,Carline Thistle
Dwarf Thistle, Common Centaury
11 August 2016
Yellow Loosestrife, Meadowsweet, Purple Loosestrife
10 August 2016
Red Bartsia, Yarrow, Tansy*, Purple Loosestrife
Hemp Agrimony, Lucerne, Hardhead, Mugwort
A27 verge near the Airport)
Purple Loosestrife, Yellow Flag Iris seed pods
Rush of some sort? Juncus ?
Dewpond Vegetation (August 2016)
8 August 2016
except the Carline Thistle (on Hill Hill)
Click on the image for more pictures
Thistle, Red Bartsia
Hemlock Water Dropwort, Bristly Ox-tongue, Melilot, Goldenrod
Duke of Argyll Tea Plant, Rosebay Willowherb, Fleabane
Melilot, Rosebay Willowherb
5 August 2016
Teasel, Carline Thistle, Common Centaury
Hemp Agrimony, Mugwort
3 August 2016
Hill and nearby
Carline Thistle & Yellow Wort, Wayfaring Tree, Wild Carrot
Carline Thistle (dead plant), Kidney Vetch (Buckingham Cutting S)
Mill Hill Habitat Gallery (Ground Vegetation)
1 August 2016
Wild Basil, Carline Thistle, Dwarf Thistle
Agrimony & Wild Basil,Yellow Wort, Lesser Hawkbit
31 July 2016
30 July 2016
the River Adur
Mugwort and Red Valerian, Hemlock Water Dropwort
29 July 2016
Carline Thistle, Carline Thistle, Round-headed Rampion
Buddleia, Dwarf Thistle, Wild Basil
26 July 2016
Kidney Vetch, Common Centaury, Common Toadflax, Sow Thistle
Red Bartsia, Wild Basil, Yellow Wort, Marjoram
Click on the image for more photographs
21 July 2016
Dropwort, Melilot, Spear Thistle, Dwarf Thistle
Vervain, Wild Mignonette, Agrimony, Hoary Plantain
19 July 2016
Old Shoreham to Annington Sewer, Circular Route
Marjoram, Wild Carrot, Fleabane, Hogweed
Musk Mallow, Tufted Vetch, Ox-tongue,Teasel
18 July 2016
Basil, Perforate St. John's Wort, Autumnal
Hawkbit, Bloody Cranesbill
Brooklime, Yarrow, Dwarf Thistle, Greater Knapweed
17 July 2016
Downs Link Cyclepath: Old Shoreham to Erringham Gap
Red Bartsia, Hardhead (=Lesser Knapweed), Viper's Bugloss, Pyramidal Orchid
Hogweed, Ox-eye Daisy, Chicory,Dark Mullein
On Mill Hill, Dwarf Thistle was spotted in flower occasionally for the first time this year as well as my first plant of Musk Thistle on the steep slopes. Small Scabious was also seen in flower for the first time this year.
Small Scabious, Greater Knapweed (centre), Musk Thistle
Yellow Wort, Dwarf Thistle, Wild Mignonette
A rainy day made photography tricky.
Traveller's Joy, Squinancywort, Dropwort, Pyramidal Orchid
Greater Knapweed, Wild Basil, Wild Carrot
On a breezy cloudy day, it was inimical for even photographing wild flowers as they were constantly blown about in the late morning. In the afternoon the rain in the air arrived in earnest.
Everlasting Pea, Greater Knapweed, Mullein (species unsure), Field Bindweed, Creeping Thistle
Hardhead (=Lesser Knapweed), Yarrow, Hogweed
Common Centaury, Creeping Thistle, Tufted Vetch, Sea Holly, Melilot
More plants appeared in flower on the verges of the Steyning Line Cyclepath (Old Shoreham to the Erringham Gap), notably Dark Mullein, Red Bartsia and the first budding Wild Basil. Yarrow had been seen earlier this year but not noted down. Common Hogweed was now flowering. Fleabane was budding and like Spear Thistle almost all were still green.
are two British species of Centaury,
the Common Centaury
and Lesser Centaury.
Up to now some species on these web pages have been identified as Lesser
of these might be in error.)
Centaurium pulchellum is a species of flowering plant in the gentian family known by the common name Lesser Centaury. It differs from the Common Centaury, Centaurium erythraea by lacking basal rosette of leaves and by having a developed peduncle below the flowers. It is often much smaller, less than ten centimetres high.
Common Centaury usually has a tall erect stem, up to 50 cm, branching into many flowerheads in a terminal cyme, forming a rather flat umbel. Oval leaves form a basal rosette and are then in opposite pairs on the stem.
Flowers are 10-12 mm across with five pointed pink petals joined in a tube at the base with five narrow pointed green sepals.
Lesser Centaury is a much smaller plant than Common Centaury, seldom being more than 10 cm high. Its branching stems are also less crowded, holding only a few loose flowerheads.
The smaller 5-petalled tubular pink flowers are about 8 mm across and are distinctly stalked, unlike the larger unstalked flowers of Common Centaury. The flower tube extends beyond the five pointed green sepals.
There is no basal rosette of leaves
Two Species of the Centaury Wild Flower
There were more signs of the changing flora (mid-Summer to early Autumn) even within the town boundaries of Shoreham, notably the first Buddleia flowering in Old Shoreham:
Buddleia, Field Bindweed, Musk Mallow
Hemp Agrimony, Pencilled Cranesbill, Spear Thistle, Meadow Vetchling
6 July 2016
Greater Knapweed, Field Scabious, Lesser Centaury, Silverweed
Pyramidal Orchid, Self-heal (white version), Field Scabious
|The remnants of Cowslips were still visible on the middle slopes of Mill Hill.|
5 July 2016
Old Shoreham to Cement Works
Pyramidal Orchid, Tufted Vetch, Dotted Loosestrife, Privet
Bellflower, Greater Willowherb, Lady's Bedstraw, Lesser Burdock
4 July 2016
Greater Knapweed, Meadow Cranesbill, Wild Mignonette, Squinancywort, Wild Thyme
Eyebright, Melilot, Wayfaring Tree (ID unsure)
Yellow Rattle, Dropwort, Marjoram, Agrimony, White Campion, Self-heal
Lady's Bedstraw, Meadow Vetchling
A Moderate Breeze (Force 4) blew the flowers about on the exposed top plateau (and incline) of Mill Hill were the Dropwort and the clumps of long grasses swayed in the wind. Greater Knapweed was beginning to flower and Meadow Cranesbill did not sway so much because their stems were stouter and they grew in the slightly less exposed fertile areas supported by more vegetation. In these conditions, I did not expect to encounter more than occasional butterfly and was only in the meadow (turned to a Bramble and Stinging Nettles neglected pasture) to the north of the upper car park, I disturbed a Meadow Brown, in an area where I noted Melilot was prevalent. On the middle slopes a few Marjoramwere budding under a sky of low grey clouds. Eventually the clouds bumped in to the hill and it became damp and I curtailed my brief (under an hour) visit. The greenery was denser than usual on the upper hill and I put this down to the wet weather. Nipplewort was recorded mostly on the path edges. Bird's Foot Trefoil was abundant on the area of low vegetation both on top of the hill and in the middle section, thinning out in the extremely exposed areas. There did not seem to be so many of the yellow flowers as in a average year.
side of the Bridge to Mill Hill
Feverfew, Purple Toadflax, Agrimony
1 July 2016
cloudy and overcast and too breezy for the
open downs, I made a detour to Buckingham
Cutting (south) where the
Giant Hogweed had grown much higher
than a person towering at least three metres above the path. It
did not seem to be a week since I last visited but that was because of
the intervening thunderstorms and rain. The
and other plants in flower did not seem to have changed all that much in
a week. Restharrow
was now flowering. Self-heal
grew tall in the tall vegetation. A few small Perforate
St. John's Wort were budding. The seed
pods of Common Vetch
had turned black in a few examples and still attached to the plant.
Meadow-like Road Verge
Perforate St. John's Wort, Spotted Orchid, Pyramidal Orchid, Yellow Rattle
Verges/Footpaths near Slonk Hill Farm
Creeping Cinquefoil, Greater Bird's Foot Trefoil, Kidney Vetch
Mayweed, Creeping Thistle, Black Medick
After mid-Summer the new plants in flower changes the whole flora. The Moderate Breeze (Force 4) prevented photography of all the colourful selection, especially on the upper shore where the Yellow-horned Poppies were blown about.
Lesser Burdock, Bristly Ox-tongue, Melilot
Yarrow, Bittersweet, Cat's Ear, White Campion
It has been a month since I last visited the lower slopes of Mill Hill and of particular notice were the new flowering plants for this year, notably, the miniature Eyebright, the first Dropwort, Yellow Wort, ground hugging Self-heal and Wild Thyme, the invasive Privet shrub, the common Rough Hawkbit, Perforate St. John's Wort, and a few of Vervain, Squinancywort, Centaury, Mouse-ear,Fairy Flax and others. I spotted a Dog Violet. Bird's Foot Trefoil was abundant. There was another Hawkweed-type (with dandelion-type leaves and smooth stem) which I have not positively identified: I think this was Autumnal Hawkbit flowering early? Scarlet Pimpernel was present in three small clumps seen. Bittersweet was flowering by the southern steps. A white flowering Plantain on the lower slopes has not yet been identified to species.
Slopes of Mill Hill
Self-heal, Perforate St. John's Wort, Eyebright, Dog Violet
Privet, Thyme, Vervain Squinancywort, Dropwort
Wort, Hoary Plantain,
On the upper part of Mill Hill (south of the Reservoir) were Meadow Cranesbill, Agrimony, Creeping Thistle, Yellow Rattle, White Clover, two Common Poppies, one Pyramidal Orchid, a few flowering Greater Knapweed, and by the roadside a few Meadow Vetchling and Cornflower.
Still cloudy and wet from the over night rain, but still worth a detour to the Slonk Hill Cutting (south bank) where the hundreds Spotted Orchids were not so abundant as usual years and were already joined by a few budding Pyramidal Orchids. Spiders had spun at least thirty large webs over the ground vegetation including the Cotoneaster. There were two species of yellow Dandelion/Hawbit-type (Cichorioid Daisies) flower amongst the orchids, grasses, Lady's Mantle and Salad Burnet.
Yellow Rattle, Spotted Orchid, Pyramidal Orchid
Red Clover, Salad Burnet, Self-heal, Common Poppies
The linear copse path to Buckingham Cutting (south) was overgrown and just about passable. There were more orchids on this small patch of roadside verge with Red Clovers, Yellow Rattle, Ox-eye Daisies, Greater Bird's Foot Trefoil, Kidney Vetch, Hedge Bedstraw etc.
Orchid, Spotted Orchid
Kidney Vetch, Bloody Cranesbill
18 - 20 June 2016
Hardhead (=Lesser Knapweed), Bladder Campion, Hedge Woundwort
Lady's Mantle, Rosebay Willowherb, Viper's Bugloss, Musk Mallow
18 June 2016
17 June 2016
Bloody Cranesbill, Meadow Buttercup, Herb Robert
5 June 2016
except the White Campion (top right) from the Widewater Cyclepath margins
Water Dropwort, White Campion
Common Spotted Orchid, Ox-eye Daises, Scentless Mayweed
4 June 2016
Shoreham Beach (Tree Mallow,
White Clover, Red
Brooklime, Common Spotted Orchid, Ivy-leaved Toadflax, Viper's Bugloss
Viper's Bugloss was spotted in flower for the first time this year on the shingle. As an afterthought I looked out the meadow-like road verge at Buckingham Cutting (south) where the first Common Spotted Orchids were budding and showing their first flowers. In Shoreham town the tiny blue flowers of Brooklime appeared as well as those of Wild Strawberry.
3 June 2016
Common Poppy, Thrift, Sea Kale, Silver Ragwort
Yellow-horned Poppy, Rock Samphire
Bird's Foot Trefoil, Sea Campion, Tree Mallow
29 May 2016
Starry Clover, Sea Campion, Sea Kale, Rough Clover
Seaside Daisy, Sea Kale
Red Valerian, Curly Dock, Thrift, Tree Mallow
Steyning Line Cyclepath
Crosswort, Yellow Flag Iris
Bird's Foot Trefoil, Lesser Stitchwort, Bird's Foot Trefoil
25 May 2016
Kidney Vetch,Starry Clover, Childing Pink
Red Valerian, Tree Mallow, Thrift
Silver Ragwort, Starry Clover
Scarlet Pimpernel, Slender Thistle, Red Valerian (white)
Hawkweed, Silver Ragwort, Tamarisk
Garlic Mustard, Welsh Poppy, Columbine, Cornflower
Welsh Poppy, Green Alkanet
24 May 2016
Shoreham (mostly Slonk Hill Cutting South)
Wood Avens, Black Medick, Ribwort Plantain, Salad Burnet
Marsh Marigold, Forget-me-Not
Sedge, Spotted Orchid, Cow Parsley, Herb Bennet
22 May 2016
Mouse-ear, Horseshoe Vetch, Fairy Flax
Horseshoe Vetch, Dog Violets, Cowslips
19 May 2016
Hill Cutting (SW)
Milkwort, Wayfaring, Milkwort
Marsh Marigold, Milkwort
NB: The Marsh Marigold was from my garden. I looked for the usual Southern Marsh Orchids on the road cutting on the south side of the Mil Hill Gap without success only finding evidence of human vegetation clearance and discarded rubbish.
18 May 2016
Red Clover, Cuckoo Flower, Yellow Flag Iris, Garlic Mustard
Red Campion, Hawthorn, Wood Avens
Cow Parsley (foreground)
14 - 16 May 2016
Cow Parsley, Herb Robert
Common Vetch, Columbine, Marsh Marigold
11 May 2016
of Early Purple Orchids
were in flower under the canopy of Lancing
Clump where the sun would have shined through if it wasn't a misty
10 May 2016
Hill (Upper & Middle)
Bulbous Buttercup, Bird's Foot Trefoil, Ground Ivy, Cowslips, Garlic Mustard
Horseshoe Vetch, Hawthorn, Milkwort
9 May 2016
Dandelion, Blackthorn, Germander Speedwell, Salad Burnet
Hounds-tongue, Horseshoe Vetch, Hawthorn
Most of the Blackthorn blossom had blown away on the top of Mill Hill, where Hawthorn was now flowering. Down on the lower slopes, the yellow of the Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was abundantly in flower, but nowhere near is best showing, and the Dog Violets were still commonly scattered over hillside. Most of the yellow rosettes were Dandelions, but there were a few Hawkbits/Hawkweeds and blue Milkworts were now frequently seen amongst the Horseshoe Vetch leaves. Hounds-tonguewas seen with its first flowers near the steps down to the lower slopes of Mill Hill from the south.
8 May 2016
Levels & Anchor Bottom
Garlic Mustard, Green-winged Orchid
Hawthorn, Common Vetch
6 May 2016
Cowslips, Hawthorn, Herb Robert, Common Vetch
5 May 2016
4 May 2016
Hill and Approaches
Carline Thistle, Germander Speedwell, Horseshoe Vetch x2
Blackthorn, Milkwort, Spring Starflower
3 May 2016
Flower, Blackthorn, Garlic Mustard,
Red Campion, Cuckoo Flower, Common Vetch
Red Campion, Cuckoo Flower
was now on green leaf and Blackthorn
ceased flowering at Cuckoo's Corner, but there were still Primroses,
Cornered Garlic, Green
around the outskirts of Shoreham togther
with newly flowering Red
Mustard, one clump of Cuckoo
Flower (near Ladywells on the Coombes
Road), and the first two Yellow Flag Iris
(stream next to Ladywells) the most eye catching on
a breezy day.
1 May 2016
Daffodil, White Deadnettle, Three Cornered Garlic
Common Vetch was spotted in flower for the first time this year at the southern end of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham. The illustrated Daffodil was a solitary clump of two flowers in the Maple spinney.
Gale Force (Force 7) winds impeded flower photography.
Garlic Mustard, Green Alkanet, Field Speedwell, Cuckoo's Corner
Bluebells, White Deadnettle, Bulbous Buttercup
More Garlic Mustard had appeared on the verges of the Coombes Road. It appeared that the stands found were flourishing, was there was less of it than I seem to recall from previous years and very little (just one plant seen) between Cuckoo's Corner north to Ladywells Penstock, where it is normally common. Cuckoo Flower (=Lady's Smock) was flowering streamside in the drainage ditch that borders the field and runs due north of Cuckoo's Corner. Blackthorn was still in flower along the Steyning Line Cyclepath at Old Shoreham, with the green leaves and buds of Hawthorn. Nipplewort was in flower in Shoreham.
25 April 2016
Red Valerian, Dove's Foot Cranesbill, Corn Salad
Wavy Bittercress, Mouse-ear
Dog Violets were scattered and abundant all over the lower slopes of Mill Hill. On the Coombes Road (south of Cuckoo's Corner only), Garlic Mustard had started to flower. North of Ladywells on the same country road (on the first incline to the Applesham Farm junction), the Elm hedges were beginning in green leaf on the eastern border to the road.
The first Bulbous Buttercups were seen in flower on the verges of the towpath by the Riverside Industrial Estate (derelict) north of Ropetackle. They were tall flowers over 30 cm high. The last Blackthorn was still flowering at the south-east end of the Tollbridge, Old Shoreham.
14 April 2016
afternoon when the Cowslips and
were still in flower along the Steyning Line
Cyclepath but no Coltsfoot.
Suckered English Elm was coming into leaf on the outskirts on verges
and patches of wasteland. Leaves were not so forthcoming on mature trees.
Willow catkins were still on the trees
although they also littered the ground underneath the branches.
Ramsons (also called Wild Garlic), Allium ursinum, were spotted on the muddy verge of the Coombes Road, south of Cuckoo's Corner. The Sussex Plant Atlas includes the names Ramsons and is not shown as present in the Lower Adur Valley. It is not recorded in Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List). Three Cornered Garlic, Allium triquetrum, has been recorded on Shoreham Beach.
8 April 2016
Blackthorn was in full flower at Cuckoo's Corner where Hawthorn was in substantial leaf and the leaves of Blackthornhad appeared. Blackthorn flowers appear before the leaves and the Hawthorn leaves appear before the flowers.
Alkanet, Lesser Celandine, Daffodils, Bluebells
5 April 2016
Ground Ivy, Sweet Violet
Coltsfoot, Dog Violet, Primroses, Bluebells
was seen in flower for the first time this year at the south end of the
Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham. It looked like it had been flowering for
a few days but nowhere near its peak as the blossom could only be seen
The first two Green Alkanet flowers were also seen.
Daisies in St. Mary
de Haura churchyard were noticed to be particularly large with plenty
of their rounded leaves in the flower beds and less leaf on the grass between
Ivy-leaved Toadflax was flowering on the flint boundary walls of the churchyard.
23 March 2016
13 March 2016
11 March 2016
Alexanders Smyrnium olustratum
Lesser Celandines were in flower but a bit battered on a verge at the top of Oxen Avenue, Shoreham.Daffodils were flowering in widespread places, planted by people to brighten up the gloom.
Field Speedwell was still in flower near Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach.
Gorse was noted in flower by the Norfolk Bridge, and it probably has been since the beginning of the year.
In Botolphs churchyard, Greater Periwinkles (from last year), Primroses, one Lesser Celandine and Snowdrops were flowering.
In Lancing, Mayweed and White Deadnettle were still in flower on the road verge south of the Sussex Pad.
Daffodils were in flower in several clumps on the verge at the bottom (south) verges of Parkside (near Buckingham Park), north Shoreham. As these were likely to be semi-wild, a better claim to the first wild flowers of 2016 could be the closed remnants of Nipplewort from the cracks in the tarmac in the twitten between Adelaide Square and Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham, although these would have late flowers from 2015.
Adur Nature Reports 2016
Parts of a Flower
A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers
Wild Flower Society
List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland
Alphabetical LIst of British Wild Plants
Sussex Wild Flora
& Fauna on Chalk
Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM