Wild Flowers
Addenda 2018
To see a World in a grain of sand,
And Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour

William Blake

from January 2015
Link to Trees 2009 - 2018
Adur Nature 2018
Sussex Wild Flora
Wild Flora on Chalk  on  flickr

Adur Wild Flowers 2019

10 December 2018
On top of a very muddy Mill Hill, a few flowers were hanging on:  Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Bristly Ox-tongue, Common Ragwort and Marjoram on the middle slopes.

2 November 2018

Greater Knapweed, Hardhead, Lesser Hawkbit, Rough Hawkbit, Hemp Agrimony
Small Scabious, Marjoram, Marjoram, Dogwood, Hawkweed Ox-tongue
Mill Hill

There were still frequent flowers on the top and middle of Mill Hill but most species were widespread and occasional. Dogwood leaves were turning the edge of the scrub a dark red maroon colour. This was in addition to the red berries (=haws) of the Hawthorn.

1 November 2018

Sunflower, Yarrow, Melilot
Cornflower, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Bristly Ox-tongue

Cyclepath Verges at Old Shoreham

October 2018

 Bristly Ox-tongue, Hoary Ragwort, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Hemp Agrimony
Common Toadflax, White Campion, Red Campion, Hare's Foot Clover*
Ox-eye Daisy, Cat's Ear*, Thrift*, Mayweed

Shoreham Beach* and Old Shoreham

October Flower Gallery

9 October 2018

Black Horehound

2 October 2018

Black Horehound Ballota nigra, Common Toadflax, Red Campion
Cyclepath Verges at Old Shoreham

Black Medick

17 September 2018

Hemp Agrimony, Dogwood
Autumn Gentian
Mill  Hill

16 September 2018

Hoary Ragwort, Sunflower, Common Ragwort
Nettle-leaved Bellflower ??
Down's Link Cyclepath

There were a few butterflies along the Down's Link Cyclepath from south of the Cement Works, notably a male Common Blue Butterfly in good condition. There  were still a few flowers amongst the mostly dead verges, notably a newly flowering Bellflower. Hoary Ragwort exceeded Common Ragwort in numbers. And there were a few Sunflowers at Old Shoreham.

15 -16 September 2018

Borage, Bellflower

15 September 2018

Bellflower, Campanula portenschlagiana

Bellflower, Campanula portenschlagiana, was seen in St. Nicolas churchyard, Old Shoreham. Borage was an unexpected discovery on the Upper Shoreham Road north grass verge by Buckingham Park, north Shoreham.

10 September 2018

Red Bartsia
Flora of the southern top part of Mill Hill

Mill Hill (September 2018) Gallery

6 & 7 September 2018

Wayside Flora
Burnet Saxifrage*, Tufted Vetch, Common Centaury
Scarlet Pimpernel, Common Groundsel
Old Shoreham by the River Adur
(* Pixie Path)

4 September 2018

Nipplewort, Yellow Wort, Ivy
Pineapple Weed*, Hawkbit
PIxie Path/Mill Hill Cutting near Mill Hill (* Lower Car Park)

Adur Daisies

3 September 2018

Rough Hawkbit, Autumn Lady's Tresses, Devil's Bit Scabious
Small Scabious
Anchor Bottom

Adur Scabious

30 August 2018

Autumn Gentian, Round-headed Rampion, Hoary Plantain, Autumn Lady's Tresses
Top plateau, Mill Hill
 Mill Hill Report

Burnet Saxifrage
Mill Hill

24 August 2018

Autumn Lady's Tresses, Ploughman's Spikenard, Common Toadflax, Hoary Ragwort
Mill Hill

Adur Ragworts

23 August 2018

White Melilot, Clematis
Wild Radish
Southwick Canal Bank

20 August 2018

Hawthorn, Agrimony, Common Toadflax
Water Mint, Hoary Ragwort
Downs Link: Old Shoreham to Erringham Gap

23 July 2018

Harebell, Ploughman's Spikenard, Wayfaring Tree
Greater Willowherb, Carline Thistle, Common Blue Butterfly on Marjoram
Mill Hill

21 July 2018

Rosebay Willowherb, Spear Thistle, Fleabane
Common Centaury
Old Shoreham

17 July 2018

Sea Heath

13 July 2018
A sunny afternoon short cycle ride along the Downs Link Cyclepath from Old Shoreham to the Cement Works was not expected to feature anything noteworthy.

Red Bartsia, Marjoram, Bellflower

Flowers noted for the first time this year were the small Red Bartsia in the undergrowth and the yellow Meadow Vetchling. A blue Bellflower stood out from the Melilot, Wild Carrot and Hardheads. Buddleia and Rosebay Willowherb brought some colour in the sun. Hemp Agrimony and Marjoram were starting to flower and both will attract butterflies later in the month. On the shady verges (west side), Hogweed and Greater Willowherb were prominent. The first Fleabane was flowering.

9 July 2018

Hogweed, Small Scabious, Teasel, Greater Knapweed
Round-headed Rampion, Dwarf Thistle, Vervain, Wild Mignonette
Flora of the lower slopes of Mill Hill

8 July 2018
The first Fleabane and Common Toadflax were seen on the edge of the parched verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath on passage between Erringham Gap and Old Shoreham. It was time for Buddleia to be flowering with stands of Rosebay Willowherb. Common Ragwort and Creeping Thistle were flowering on the lowest part of Anchor Bottom and part of the way up the slopes. Dwarf Thistle and Small Scabious was noted away from the cow pats.  At Old Shoreham, the Mayweed was wilting by the Tollbridge, but Spear Thistle had started flowering and Teasel was not far behind.  Hemp Agrimony was also flowering rear the Tollbridge, but it was already looking very dried out and spindly.

5 July 2018

Small Scabious, Bramble, Greater Knapweed
Dwarf Thistle, Greater Knapweed
Mill Hill

Adur Knapweeds

4 July 2018
The grass was brown and parched and some flowers were wilting as the dry period continued.

Adur Recreation Ground

Common Mallow, Marsh Woundwort, Purple Bugloss
Burdock, Yarrow
Adur Recreation Ground

There were more Small Coppers in the Marsh Woundwort and other flowery patch between the semi-circular path and the Flood Arches, and more visiting the multitude of alien flowers on the seeded patch on Adur Recreation Ground.
Adur Levels 2018

29 June 2018

Greater Knapweed & Knapweed Broomrape

Of the flowers newly in bloom since my last visit to Mill Hill, the tall parasitic Knapweed Broomrape was searched for and found south of the covered reservoir near to the top of the steps down to the lower slopes. Musk Thistle and Great Mullein were flowering near the top of the steep slopes, and the prickly leaves and the first flowers of Dwarf Thistle appeared. Of the much smaller plants the first flowers of Vervain and Wild Basil were noted for the first time, with Restharrow where the cattle had been. Deadly Nightshade was flowering on the middle slopes where I had not noticed it before, with the green berries (they turn black later) appearing. The diminutive Wild Thyme, Squinancywort and Eyebright were beginning in flower. Common Centaury was noticeable and in the meadow north of the upper car park, I spotted my first Field Scabious. Hogweed was already in flower with Greater Willowherb and lots of Mugwort on the cattle wrecked land. There were a few Common Ragwort in flower on the top of the hill, but far less than I remember. Lady's Bedstraw and Hedge Bedstraw were now a flowering component of the top part of  Mill Hill. Pyramidal Orchid adorned the middle part where Marjoram was budding.
Adur Knapweeds

28 June 2018
What a difference a few days make: on the small seeded patch the orange poppies were now accompanied by frequent blue and purple flowers. Identifiable blooms recorded on this parched patch on Adur Recreation Ground in order of prominence were California Poppy Eschscholzia californica, Mugwort, Purple Bugloss Echium plantagineum, Borage, Oriental Poppies Papaver pseudoorientale, and fancy-coloured Cornflowers, at least one Purple Tansy Phacelia tanacetifolia, with scattered plants of unknown identity with one scarlet Zinnia flower.

Purple Bugloss, Echium plantagineum

Grasses dominated the wilder more back to nature areas where noted blooms in prominence in order of prevalence were Common Mallow, Field Bindweed, Marsh Woundwort, Burdock, Spear Thistles, Bristly Ox-tongue and no more than occasional occurrences of Viper's Bugloss, Corn Cockle, Corn Marigold, Scented Mayweed, Greater Willowherb, more Oriental Poppies and Sow Thistles. The visit was cursory in the warm sunshine and I did not take notes.

Perennial Sow Thistle was flowering on the shingle beach on the seaward side of the cyclepath by Widewater.

Adur Thistles

26 June 2018

Sea Heath, English Stonecrop

Adur Stonecrops

23 June 2018

Self-heal, Hardhead, Pyramidal Orchid
Dark Mullein, Great Mullein, Perforate St. John's Wort.
Downs Link Cyclepath

In the morning sunshine, there were a few new flowers over the parched verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works site. I noted the first flowers of Great Mullein and Dark Mullein and the first of Perforate St. John's Wort. I did not see any Spotted Orchids.

Corn Cockle, Hedge Bedstraw & Everlasting Pea, Wild Carrot
Spear Thistle, Hawkweed Ox-tongue
Old Shoreham

Some of the Ox-eye Daisies were wilting at Old Shoreham but the seeded beds were very colourful with Mayweed, Corn Marigold, Cornflower and a newly flowering Corn Cockle. Spear Thistle joined Creeping Thistle and Welted Thistle in flower, and the umbels of Wild Carrot were plentiful (some umbels can look like Hogweed) and the first flowers of Hawkweed Ox-tongue were seen amongst the shoulder high verges.
Adur Daisies
Adur Thistles

23 June 2018

California Poppy
Adur Recreation Ground

On the southern edge of a parched  Adur Recreation Ground there was a confirmed Welted Thistle near Little Norfolk Bridge taking the road over the Flood Arches. It looks like the long grass meadows have been seeded with semi-natural plants especially the California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica.

Previous Adur Rec. Report 2018

Viper's Bugloss, Yellow-horned Poppy, Sea Campion
Cyclepath Margins by Widewater

The gravel flood plain of Widewater was now distinguished by clumps of flowering English Stonecrop.

Pre Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2018

Wild Flowers 2018

Wild Flower Reports 2017

Adur Nature Reports 2018

Wild Flowers 2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

British Wild Flowers (photographs of all)

Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin

Wild Flower Society

List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland

Alphabetical LIst of British Wild Plants

Plant Glossary

Flower Terminology

Wild Flower Key


Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk


Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM

SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild BasilLink to the Adur Nature Notes 2009 web pagesLink to the Adur 2010 Nature Notes pagesLink to the Adur 2012 Nature Notes pages