Wild Flowers
Addenda 2018
To see a World in a grain of sand,
And Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour

William Blake

from January 2015
Link to Trees 2009 - 2018
Adur Nature 2018
Sussex Wild Flora
Wild Flora on Chalk  on  flickr

After Solstice Reports 2018

19 June 2018

English Stonecrop

I made an impromptu passage visit to Kingston Beach at high tide as the sea lapped against the concrete by the Lifeboat Station. I noted the following plants in flower on a beach where shingle defences had obliterated patches of plants: Mayweed, Oxford Ragwort, Groundsel, Curled Dock, Common Mallow, Ribwort Plantain, the groung-hugging Scarlet Pimpernel, English Stonecrop, Biting Stonecrop, Black Medick, and non-flowering Great Lettuce, Sea Beet, Orache etc.
Adur Stonecrops

18 June 2018
Pineapple Weed, Matricaria discoidea, was a surprise discovery on a grass verge at the far western end of MIddle Road, Shoreham. It looks like a daisy without petals.

17 June 2018

Common Spotted Orchid, Pyramidal Orchid, Rosebay Willowherb & Ox-eye Daisy, Creeping Thistle
Cowslips, Dotted Loosestrife, Viper's Bugloss
Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works

Overcast with drops of rain in the air, but the breeze had reduced to a few fresh gusts: I disturbed a few Meadow Brown Butterflies in the meadow-like verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works site. On the verges the green vegetation was already waist height dominated by Hardheads with hundreds of flowering heads, hundreds of Ox-eye Daisies, abundant Melilot with a few flowers, and adorned with over a hundred each of Common Spotted Orchids and Pyramidal Orchids, many which were hidden from view because of the dense foliage. The Mayweed at Old Shoreham seemed to have a scent when the flower was crushed.

16 June 2018

  Black Medick, Common Mallow, Oriental Poppy (Papaver pseudoorientale)
White Clover and Smooth Hawk's-beard, Crepis capillaris, Fumitory
Adur Recreation Ground

Blustered about terribly in the breeze (Force 5) it proved too tricky to capture a publishable photograph of my first Large Skipper of the year visiting White Clover amongst the long grasses at the Flood Arches end of Adur Recreation Ground. The grasses were  blowing about much too much and I could not get a clear shot. Fumitory was then spotted hidden amongst the long grasses. Swaying in the wind the crimson of the Oriental Poppies, Papaver pseudoorientale, and a large spike of Viper's Bugloss, a single confirmed Slender Thistle, the purple Common Mallow,  and the yellow of Bristly Ox-tongue were larger and more noticeable.

13 June 2018

Hardhead, Creeping Thistle, Water Dropwort
Wild Carrot
Old Shoreham

Adur Daisies

11 June 2018

The sunshine made it difficult to photograph over a hundred Common Spotted Orchids and about eight Southern Marsh Orchids on the southern bank of Mill Hill Cutting. The Pyramidal Orchids were just emerging on the north edge of Frampton's Field.
Adur Orchids

9 June 2018

Ox-eye Daisy, Dog Rose, Common Spotted Orchid
Pyramidal Orchid, Hardhead
Downs Link Cyclepath meadow-like verges:  Old Shoreham to south of the Cement Works

7 June 2018



Silver Ragwort, Purple Toadflax, Slender Thistle
Seaside Daisy
Shoreham Beach (East & West)

Adur Shingle Plants
Adur Ragworts
Adur Thistles

1 & 6 June 2018

Mill Hill

5 June 2018

Lesser Hawkbit, Bristly Ox-tongue, Spotted Orchid, Cut-leaved Cranesbill
Welted Thistle, Chamomile or (Scented?) Mayweed
Old Shoreham to Erringham Gap

Hedge Woundwort, Hemlock Water Dropwort, Chamomile, Cornflower
Common Poppy, Oriental Poppy (Papaver pseudoorientale)
Old Shoreham to Erringham Gap

Adur Daisies

4 June 2018

Shoreham Beach Central

Red Valerian

Adur Shingle Plants

3 June 2018
At the far eastern end of Shoreham Beach, on a sunny afternoon the most noticeable plants in flower were vast expanses of Red Valerian, plenty of the diminished Sea Kale, patches of Thrift, the upright Tree Mallow, clumps of Oxford Ragwort and Dock, with occasional Common Mallow, the calyx seeding stage of the ground-hugging Starry Clover and occasional spikes of Viper's Bugloss and Yellow-horned Poppy. At the Shoreham Fort end of the beach, there were still stands of Silver Ragwort which were budding with flowering imminent.

Hemlock Water Dropwort, Common Spotted Orchid, Cornflower
Ox-eye Daisy, Lesser Stitchwort
Downs Link Cyclepath: Erringham Gap to Old Shoreham

In the late morning, three Common Spotted Orchids and Ox-eye Daisies were seem immediately amongst the meadow-like verges at Erringham Gap on the Downs Link Cyclepath. It was south of the Flyover that a large group of umbellifers grew on the western verge nearer the River Adur.  These were thought to be Hemlock Water Dropwort. Just north of the Tollbridge a solitary Cornflower may be a garden escape on the disturbed land covered in Oil Seed Rape, buttercups and Dock. Lastly, I spotted much smaller colonisers, Lesser Stitchwort, distinguished from the Greater Stitchwort  by narrower petals, and the unmistakable Scarlet Pimpernel.

2 June 2018

Red Valerian, Viper's Bugloss, Painted Lady on Red Valerian
Kidney Vetch, Yellow-horned Poppy
Shoreham Beach West

1 June 2018
Sidelined at home for just over a week with illness (a summer virus) and unsuitable weather (predicted heavy showers and lightning) and I missed one day for bicycle repairs (awkward puncture), so the receding Horseshoe Vetch  and new summer flora was expected on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, after my absence. In the afternoon an advection mist rolled up the Adur valley.

Yellow Rattle, Bladder Campion, Dropwort
Musk Thistle,  Wild Mignonette, Wild Thyme
MiIl Hill

The highlight of a dull afternoon was a dozen bumblebees on a patch of unexpected Musk Thistle on the lower slopes. Other flowers on the lower slopes seen for the first time this year were the first Dropwort, Rough Hawkbit, the ground-hugging Creeping Cinquefoil,  and the first diminutive Wild Thyme, Fairy Flax and Eyebright. Pushing through the short vegetation, the tall spikes of Yellow Wort were not yet flowering. The rolling mist turned to fog and visibility and light was poor on the middle slopes. Bladder Campion was seen flowering in a brief cursory visit. Greater Knapweed, Yellow Rattle and Ribwort Plantain were flowering amongst the long grasses south of the Reservoir. Common Poppies were flowering in mass in the meadow below Mill Hill.

Bladder Campion, Musk Thistle, Poppy, Ribwort Plantain
Dropwort, Greater Knapweed, Creeping Cinquefoil, Silverweed
MiIl Hill

22 May 2018


Melilot and Bladder Campion were just beginning to flower on the middle slopes of Mill Hill.

21 May 2018

Hound's-tongue, Mouse-eared Hawkweed, Milkwort
Wild Mignonette, Common Daisies
Mill Hill and nearby

Milkwort with leaves of other plants
Pixie Path to Mill Hill

17 May 2018

Ox-eye Daisies
Old Shoreham

16 May 2018

Beaked Hawksbeard? (not Sow Thistle), White Campion, Ox-eye Daisy
Bulbous Buttercup, Spear Thistle

Bulbous Buttercups
Old Shoreham

15 May 2018

Yellow Flag Iris

14 May 2018

Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa,
Mill Hill

11 May 2018

Sea Kale, Garlic Mustard, Sea Campion. Hoary Cress
Creeping Thistle, Thrift, Oilseed Rape, Bird's-foot Trefoil


8 May 2018

Crosswort, Bugle, Red Campion
Bulbous Buttercup
Adur Levels

1 May 2018

White Campion
in the new growths on the bare soil created by the tidal defence works west of the Ferry Bridge
Red Deadnettle, Mouse-ear and other weeds were flowering amongst the mixed colonisation

Adur Campions

25 April 2018

Garlic Mustard, Green Alkanet
Cuckoo's Corner on the Coombes Road
Cow Parsley

19 April 2018

Marsh Marigold, Cuckoo Flower
Woods Mill

18 April 2018

Garlic Mustard
Cuckoo's Corner on the Coombes Road

Mid-April 2018

Green Alkanet, Red Deadnettle, Heartease, Common Daisy
Shoreham and Outskirts

13 April 2018
Garlic Mustard was just about flowering by Cuckoo's Corner on the Coombes Road.

Lesser Celandines

11 April 2018


Cowslips were flowering on the verges of the Downs Link Path from Old Shoreham north to the Cement Works. At the northern end I spotted the hybrid False Oxlip, Primula veris x vulgaris for the first time.

Three Cornered Garlic, Allium triquetrum, Green Alkanet, Dandelion
Dog Violet,  Forget-me-Not
Adur Levels (except the violet on Mill Hill)

Verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath near the disused Cement Works

5 April 2018

Sweet Violets
Mill Hill

3 & 5 April 2018

  Marsh Marigold*, Oxford Ragwort*, Daffodils
Lesser Celandines* and Sweet Violets*, Ground Ivy, Sweet Violets
Shoreham* and Mill Hill

24 March 2018

Muddy Verges on the Outskirts
Red Deadnettle (not the leaves), Green Alkanet
Primroses, Field Speedwell

21 March 2018


A distinct wind chill could still be felt under a blue sky on a short cycle ride along the Downs Link Cyclepath from Old Shoreham to the disused Cement Works at Upper Beeding. The cyclepath verges were shorn from last year but there were occasional yellow flowers: Daffodils, Coltsfoot and Lesser Celandine.

15 March 2018
On the lawn at the top of Chanctonbury Drive, north Shoreham there were a few Sweet Violets and Lesser Celandine in flower. A Drone Fly, Eristalis, visited Cherry Plum tree flowers on a tree on the verge of Mill Hill Road at the southern end of the bridge over the A27, and Lesser Celandine flowers at the northern end of Mill Hill Drive.
Adur Trees 2018

13 March 2018

Lesser Celandines

The weather was pleasant enough to spot my first bumblebee of the year. A few wild flowers were noted: Sweet Violets were seen near Withy Gap in Lancing. Lesser Celandines appeared on the grass verges in north Lancing and on the verges of the Coombes Road near Coombes, where Snowdrops and Daffodils were still flowering. On the Downs Link Cyclepath south of the Cement Works, Coltsfoot and Dandelion flowers were just appearing.

27 February 2018


15 February 2018

Snowdrops at Botolphs and Coombes

A solitary battered Lesser Celandine flower was seen at Coombes.

14 February 2018

Early Daffodils

1 February 2018

Sea Spurge, Euphorbia sp.
by the beach huts at the western end of Widewater, by Lancing Sailing Club, and for this reason it might
be the cultivated species Euphorbia characias rather than Euphorbia paralias

My first Snowdrop of the year was seen in  a Lancing garden.

14 January 2018

 Dog's Mercury, Red Deadnettle, Common Mouse-ear
 "The flower looks like Dog's Mercury. There is also a Dock and a thistle leaf."
Comments by Peter on Flora of the British Isles: A Photographic Guide  flickr

On a cool (air temp > 8.2 °C with wind chill) clear day there was very little wildlife of note. On land disturbed by the tidal works at the southern end of the new Ferry Bridge, a few common "weeds" of  Dog's Mercury  Mercurialis perennis, Common Mouse-ear, Red Deadnettle and Groundsel were noted in the beginnings of flower without looking for them.

3 January 2018
Between the cyclepath and the River Adur at Old Shoreham, I noted Sow Thistle, Mayweed and Ox-eye Daisy in tattered flower as I was blown about by Gale Force 8 gusts of wind.

1 January 2018
As a leftover from last year, a diminutive Oxford Ragwort was just about showing a flower by the railway station, Shoreham-by-Sea.

Wild Flower Reports 2017

Adur Nature Reports 2017

Wild Flowers 2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

British Wild Flowers (photographs of all)

Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin

Wild Flower Society

List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland

Alphabetical LIst of British Wild Plants

Plant Glossary

Flower Terminology

Wild Flower Key


Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk


Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM

SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild BasilLink to the Adur Nature Notes 2009 web pagesLink to the Adur 2010 Nature Notes pagesLink to the Adur 2012 Nature Notes pages