Wild Flowers
Addenda 2019

To see a World in a grain of sand,
And Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour

William Blake

Link to Trees 2009 - 2019
Adur Nature 2019
Sussex Wild Flora
Wild Flora on Chalk  on  flickr

Post-Summer Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2019

19 June 2019

Dropwort, Pyramidal Orchid, Dove's Foot Cranesbill [12], Yellow Rattle
 Meadow Cranesbill, Knapweed Broomrape, Greater Knapweed
Upper Mill Hill

I seriously underestimated the Knapweed Broomrape on my last visit with 200+ spikes amongst the Greater Knapweed south of the Reservoir on MiIl Hill. The tiny yellow flowers were few and far between though. Swathes of Bird's Foot Trefoil grew in the New Erringham pastures to the east of Mill Hill. Small Scabious was seen in flower for the first time this year by the road.

Pyramidal Orchid, Bee Orchid, Hardhead
Mill Hill Drive

17 June 2019

Knapweed Broomrape, Meadow Cranesbill, Greater Knapweed
Upper Mill Hill

Frequent Knapweed Broomrape was seen in greater numbers (40+) on the top of Mill Hill (south of the Reservoir) than ever been recorded before. All were seen south of the Reservoir amongst the Greater Knapweed with only occasional flowers The other well known parasitic plant. Yellow Rattle was abundant in roughly the same area. Other flowers seen for the first time this year included the diminutive Wild Thyme and Eyebright, the small Self-heal, upright Perforate St. John's Wort and Yellow Wort, budding Pyramidal Orchid and patches of Meadow Cranesbill swaying in the breeze. The creamy white flowers of Privet now exceeded the white of Elderflower. I spotted Bulbous Buttercups and a Dog Violet still in flower.
Restharrow was flowering on a grass verge.

16 June 2019

Corn Cockle

15 June 2019

Sainfoin, Onobrychis viciifolia
Old Shoreham

13 June 2019

Corn Cockle, Bloody Cranesbill

My overgrown front garden in Shoreham hosted the flowers of Corn Cockle, White Campion, Pencilled/Bloody Cranesbill, Meadow Buttercup, Nipplewort, Brooklime, Herb Bonnet and Herb Robert, all blown about in the breeze and damaged by the rain.

9 June 2019

Bladder Campion, Common Spotted Orchids, Bee Orchid, Pyramidal Orchid
Dotted Loosestrife, Hardhead
Downs Link Cyclepath near the Cement Works

On the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath near the Cement Works on a cloudy midday, I spotted the following amongst the swathes of Ox-eye Daisies: hidden Common Spotted Orchids, a single spike of Bee Orchid, and budding Pyramidal Orchids. Yellow Rattle and Crosswort were frequently in flower and there was a patch of Dotted Loosestrife. Elsewhere in the verges there were clumps of Bladder Campion, and my first of the year Hardheads (a knapweed) and first Greater Bird's Foot Trefoil.
Adur Orchids

7 June 2019

Buck's-horn Plantain, Silver Ragwort, Kidney Vetch
Silver Ragwort, Rock Samphire, Sea Campion
Southwick Beach

Southwick Beach is submerged on a high spring tide and the sea pounds against the concrete of the Shoreham Harbour private road. Terrestrial flora is mostly settled in cracks in the tarmac and small patches of shingle landward of the harbour wall. On a breezy rainy afternoon, the dominant species was the newly flowering Silver Ragwort in excess in bulk of all other vegetation but with notable amounts of Yellow-horned Poppy, new growths of Tree Mallow, leaves of Rock Samphire and Sea Kale, straggly Sea Beet, the last flowers of Sea Campion, patches of past their best Kidney Vetch, clumps of Buck's-horn Plantain, swathes of Thrift on the shallow soil in front of the beach huts, and a few other common waste ground plants.

6 June 2019

Sea Kale, Tree Mallow, Silver Ragwort
Yellow-horned Poppy, Red Valerian, Vipers Bugloss
Shoreham Beach West

The sea pushes the pebbles up to a ridge at west Shoreham Beach, with a gradual reverse slope down to the road and houses. This reverse slope is stable (not battered by the waves) and supports a flora of large colourful shrubby plants: Sea Kale, Tree Mallow, Silver Ragwort, Yellow-horned Poppy, Red Valerian, Vipers Bugloss and Hoary Cress in flower, as well as Slender Thistle and Common Poppies.
Adur Ragworts

5 June 2019
Yellow Water Lily covered the main pond at Woods Mill, with Amphibious Bistort, Persicaria amphibia, added to my local flower list.
Woods Mill Illustrated Report

3 June 2019

Bee Orchid [9], Southern Marsh Orchid [10], Common Spotted Orchids [10]

Bladder Campion [11], Common Spotted Orchids [10], Bee Orchid [9]

Adur Orchids

2 June 2019

Pyramidal Orchid, Common Spotted Orchid, Dotted Loosestrife
Lesser Stitchwort

Summer arrived with the first orchids in flower on the eastern sunnier verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works. Flowers seen in amongst the abundant Ox-eye Daisies for the first time this year included the natives and Yellow Rattle, the alien Dotted Loosestrife. I cursorily looked for Bee Orchids without success, but I did find a budding Pyramidal Orchid.

31 May 2019

Yellow-horned Poppy, Viper's Bugloss, Red Valerian & Tree Mallow
Sea Kale, Childing Pink
Thrift, Tree Mallow
Shoreham Beach

Shoreham Beach is in bloom with swathes of a Sea Kale and Red Valerian in flower on the shingle, with Silver Ragwort plentiful in leaf with the first flowers and others very noticeable in the shorescape were Tree Mallow, Oxford Ragwort, and Thrift, with lesser amounts of  Slender Thistle, Cat's Ear, Vipers Bugloss and Yellow-horned Poppy.

30 May 2019

Pineapple Weed [8], Dropwort [7], Welted Thistle [8]
Scarlet Pimpernel [7]

29 May 2019
Elderflower had now taken over from Hawthorn as the dominant flower in the hedgerows.

Ivy-leaved Toadflax

28 May 2019

White Campion, Slender Thistle, Dog Rose
Scarlet Pimpernel, Black Medick*
Old Shoreham,  Cyclepath verges

(*Distinguished from Least Trefoil and Hop Trefoil by the minute point at the end of the leaves.)

25 May 2019

Ox-eye Daisies

23 May 2019

Red Valerian, Tree Mallow, Thrift & Sea Kale
Hoary Cress, Sea Kale, Tree Mallow
Shoreham Beach East, Lancing Widewater Beach

On Widewater flood plain, the yellow dandelion-like plants were Cats Ear.

21 May 2019
White fluffy Cumulus clouds allowed intermittent sunshine brought frequent butterflies out on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. Wild Mignonette was in flower. The first Dropwort appeared on its tall stalk above the short green vegetation.

Wild Mignonette, Dropwort, Hounds-tongue
Horseshoe Vetch & Milkwort, Bladder Campion
Mill Hill

I noted the meadow north of the upper car park was now covered in Brambles and the vegetation already up to chest height. I did not venture in as it was getting late in the afternoon. The middle slopes immediately south of the Copse had patches of Horseshoe Vetch and the first Bladder Campion was just about flowering. Crosswort was recorded for the first time (it is easily overlooked) on Mill Hill. Hawthorn was beginning to lose its blossom as Elderflower was beginning.

20 May 2019

Rough Hawkbit, Silverweed
Hairy Violet, Bulbous Buttercup
Mill Hill

I noted the following wild flowers for the first time this year: Rough Hawkbit, Mouse-eared Hawkweed, Hairy Violet, Dog Rose and the first flowering on Mill Hill of the large shrubby Hounds-tongue. The smaller than usual amount of flowering Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa, was disappointing, with none around the Tor Grass, which appears to have spread. Dog Violets were still flowering.
Adur Violets

19 May 2019

Ragged Robin [6], Welted Thistle [5], Slender Thistle and Poppies [5], Yellow Flag
Garlic Mustard [6], Yellow Flag [6]

18 May 2019

Slender Thistle, Red Hawthorn, Water Dropwort, Holly
 Star of Bethlehem ?  Bird's Foot Trefoil
Downs Link Cyclepath just north of the Tollbridge

Elderflower was beginning to flower as Wayfaring Tree was losing its flowers on the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath just north of the Tollbridge, where an Holly Tree was seen with its small white flowers. Slender Thistle was flowering by the River Adur by Ropetackle North with the first single flower of Welted Thistle, but no flowers yet of Spear Thistle or Creeping Thistle.

14 May 2019

 Crosswort [1],Green-winged Orchid [2],Hounds-tongue [2]
Ox-eye Daisy [3], Columbine [4]
Adur Levels

13 May 2019

Bird's Foot Trefoil, Milkwort with Horseshoe Vetch
Knapweed Broomrape
Mill Hill

10 May 2019
Blackthorn was in leaf at Cuckoo's Corner and Hawthorn was in flower. Cow Parsley was dominating the verges with Garlic Mustard elongated so it appears that it has lost its top leaves (but it is not so). The biennial plant grows taller and takes on a spiky appearance. Red Campion and  White Campion produced the prettiest colour in the verges, but there were also very large-leaved Dandelions, and both the tall Meadow Buttercups and the ground hugging Creeping Buttercups. Welsh Poppy and Yellow Flag were seen in flower.
Adur Buttercups

7 May 2019

Beaked Hawksbeard, Crepis vesicaria
Seen in the flickr group Flora of the British Isles: A Photographic Guide
Towpath next to Ricardo

Cichorioid Daisies

2 May 2019

Horseshoe Vetch & Milkwort, Holly
Wayfaring Tree
Sedge & Salad Burnet, Carline Thistle
Mill Hill

1  May 2019

Cow Parsley & Alexanders
Green Alkanet, Germander Speedwell
Adur Levels, south of the Flyover

30 April 2019

Field Pansy, White Campion
Pill Box Way Bank

The first flowering colonisers on the exposed Pill Box Way Bank were the predictable Oil Seed Rape, hundreds of White Campion, scores of Hoary Cress, a surprise (probably seeded?) group of the violet Field Pansy, Viola arvensis, at least one Pineapple Weed, and plenty of leaf flora not yet in bloom. It will be interesting to see what flowers emerge? At the side of the exposed towpath from the Tollbridge to Cuckoo's Corner, there were plenty of Stinging Nettles, plus flowering Cow Parsley and White Deadnettle the most noticeable flora. On the shady verges of the Coombes Road there was the common Garlic Mustard. Red Campion and Bluebells were frequent and noted especially underneath the raucous Rook nest canopy.

Slender Thistle, Garlic Mustard, Red Campion, Bugle

The Downs Link Cyclepath from Botolphs back to Shoreham (as the shadows grew longer) was not worthy of copious notes, except the expected Cowslips on the verges, newly flowering Hawthorn and Wayfaring Tree in the green hedge-like boundaries, areas of Three Cornered Garlic, clumps of Bugle, and just the large leaves of Coltsfoot. Adur Recreation Ground was densely covered in Common Daisies near the Railway Viaduct. Slender Thistle was seen for the first time this year on the western pavement side of the road bridge over the Flood Arches.

25 April 2019

Red Campion, Green Alkanet, Cow Parsley, Garlic Mustard
White Deadnettle, Ramsons, Broad Bean, Ground Ivy
Near Cuckoo's Corner, Coombes Road

Adur Campion

24 April 2019

Horseshoe Vetch, Hawthorn, Milkwort, Sweet Violet
Dog Violets, Cowslips, Dandelion
Mill Hill

22 April 2019

Black Medick, Common Vetch, Thrift
Dove's Foot Cranesbill,  Mouse-ear
Widewater Flood Plain

19 April 2019

Cuckoo Flower (= Lady's Smock) at Woods Mill
Wood Anemone, Dog Violet at Tottington Woods

Adur Violets

18 April 2019

Oxford Dandelion, Common Daisy
Widewater Flood Plain (east of the bridge)

Dandelions & their ilk

17 April 2019

Germander Speedwell, Cowslips, Ground Ivy
Common Milkwort, Ploughman's Spikenard (dead)
Mill Hill

15 April 2019

Garlic Mustard, Spanish Bluebells, Primroses
Coombes Road

Blackthorn had lost its flowers and Hawthorn was budding at Cuckoo's Corner, but further up the Coombes Road by Ladywells Stream and the scout's hut (Streamside), Blackthorn was still flowering. Garlic Mustard was beginning to flower on the Coombes Road verges as well as the first of the Spanish Bluebells. Lesser Celandine was still prevalent on the verges, with the first of the Cow Parsley amongstthe taller vegetation.

11 April 2019

Dog Violets on the lower slopes of Mill Hill

Adur Violets

10 April 2019

Nipplewort, Corn Salad, Annual Wall Rocket
Shoreham Pavement Weeds

8 April 2019
Blackthorn dominated the white blossom plentiful in the hedgerows and amongst the scrub on the downs. Cherry Plum had virtually finished and so had the early Blackthorn, but Hawthorn was yet to flower in the wild. Alexanders were abundant as usual near the River Adur. There were abundant White Deadnettle and smaller clumps of Red Deadnettle.

Green Alkanet, Cowslip, White Deadnettle
Three Cornered Garlic, Lesser Celandine
Downs Link Cyclepath

Cowslips were common on the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between the Erringham Gap and the Cement Works. These verges also hosted Lesser Celandine, Dandelions, Coltsfoot, Ground Ivy, Field Speedwell and Three Cornered Garlic, Allium triquetrum. Cows Parsley was flowering in one plant on the banks of the Adur at Upper Beeding by Dacre Gardens. Green Alkanet was found by the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham, and at Cuckoo's Corner.
Garlic Mustard was just appearing on the Coombes Road verges near Cuckoo's Corner. The small Dove's Foot Cranesbill was scattered over a few grass verges.

Lesser Celandine
Ranunculus ficaria has become Ficaria verna

29 March 2019

Primroses in the Shade
Road to Lancing College

25 March 2019

False Oxlip
(Picture from 8 April 2019)

A Common Bee-fly visited the first few Cowslips on the the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath south of the Cement Works. False Oxlip was also present in one clump.

24 March 2019

Scurvy Grass
Shoreham Beach

Oxford Ragwort
Kingston Buci Beach

19 March 2019

Alexanders, Red Deadnettle
Marsh Marigold, Sweet Violets, Lesser Celandine

14 March 2019

Spurge, Euphorbia

Spurge, Euphorbia, has escaped from the gardens and has begun successfully colonising the beach near Ferry Road, Shoreham. It looks reasonably attractive but it could become dominant.

12 March 2019
Oxford Ragwort was clearly seen in flower by the railway tracks at Eastern Avenue level crossing, Shoreham-by-Sea, as I waited in the rain for three trains to pass.

8 March 2019

Marsh Marigold
(Photograph 30 March 2019)

1 March 2019

At last, the first flowers appeared on the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between Old Shoreham (south) and Shoreham Cement Works with just a couple of clumps of False Oxlip and Spring Snowflake, Leucojum vernum (looking like a larger than life Snowdrop) nearer the southern end. This is possibly a Double-flowered Snowdrop, Galanthus nivalis Flore Pleno, Two yellow Coltsfoot were in their usual place on the first verge south of the Cement Works. Cherry Plum blossom appeared with their bright orange anthers on a solitary tree.

15 February 2019

Snowdrops at Coombes

12 February 2019


2 January 2019
Hawkweed Ox-tongue was my first wild flower of the year by the cyclepath at Old Shoreham, south of the Toll Bridge.

Post-Summer Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2018

Pre-Summer Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2018

Wild Flowers 2018

Wild Flower Reports 2017

Adur Nature Reports 2018

Wild Flowers 2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

British Wild Flowers (photographs of all)

Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin

Wild Flower Society

List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland

Alphabetical LIst of British Wild Plants

Plant Glossary

Flower Terminology

Wild Flower Key


Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk


Childing Pink
Cichorioid Daisies
Dandelions & their ilk
Horseshoe Vetch


[1] Downs Link Cyclepath at Old Shoreham (north of the Tollbridge)
[2] Anchor Bottom
[3] Downs Link Cyclepath between the Flyover and the Cement Works (dis)
[4] Downs Link Cyclepath by Annington Sewer
[5] Downs Link Cyclepath by Ropetackle North
[6] Coombes Road near Cuckoo's Corner
[7] Lower slopes of Mill Hill
[8] Grass downs at Truleigh Hill
[9] Mill Hill Drive
[10] Mill Hill Cutting (south)
[11] Mill Hill (top, south)
[12] Chanctonbury Drive Upper


Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM

SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild BasilLink to the Adur Nature Notes 2009 web pagesLink to the Adur 2010 Nature Notes pagesLink to the Adur 2012 Nature Notes pages