This is the first published
Electronic Newspaper for
Shoreham-by-Sea and the
Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England
19 August 2002 : Volume 4
August 2002 & 1 September 2002
am 5:00 pm
OF BRITAIN AIR SHOW
send any comments to: Andy Horton
Hamblett's Mill Hill web page (with photographs of orchids and other wild
bruennichi, was spotted on Mill Hill.
This a distinctive European continental species that has been spreading
in the south-east. It was probably an ovigerous female. This spider has
been found in southern England since the 1990's.
walk on the bridleway from the north side of Slonk Hill to Southwick
Hill (TQ 225 070 - TQ 225 078) revealed
the first Clouded Yellow Butterflies (8+)
since 2000. They were flying around rapidly and would not settle. Unlike
the Small Tortoiseshells (100+) which
were everywhere settling on Ragwort
and the bridleway. Most were brightly coloured, but there some faded ones
as well. The Painted Ladies (30+) preferred
the Greater Knapweed. Wall
Browns (40+) preferred to settle on bare
areas of chalk but made fleeting visits to Hardheads.
(25+), Small Whites
(15+), Meadow Browns
(15+) and at least one Red Admiral
completed the butterfly list.
a female Sparrowhawk on
a fence post, (near some bushes with many small brown birds), which glided
magnificently at at a low level across the open field.
a hot (25° C) and
humid (82%) day,
I made a quick visit to Mill Hill. On a small
patch of the open meadows (TQ 212 073)
the butterfly count for an area of 20 square
metres was high and the following species were recorded in 15 minutes:
Blue Butterflies were nectaring on Round-headed
Hardheads. The Small
Tortoiseshells were overlooked in passing,
but when I stopped they appeared very colourful and frequent, feeding on
the occasional Ragwort
the scrub and longer grasses (TQ 211 076),
the Gatekeeper Butterfly
was surprisingly few in number and there were a handful, possibly many
more Common Blues,
the females with orange markings on their upper wings, feeding on grasses.
Meadow Browns were everywhere.
the other meadows, there were additional numbers of Chalkhill
Browns and Painted
Blues and Common Blues Identification Tips
were disturbed in the long grasses.
large (8 cm diameter) fungus was growing on a tree stump on the east side
near the bottom of the road leading to Mill Hill. The species has not yet
Lagoon was very full of water for August
could be explained by the heavy rainfall of the last few days which caused
flooding in some places. The high tide of
6.1 metres (WXTide Table)
occurred at 4.27 pm BST and
the air bubbles shooting up through the cracks in the alluvium floor of
the lagoon began one hour before the high tide. They occurred as a steady
stream of small bubbles and sometimes as large less frequent bubbles and
these bubble points occurred more often in the shallow water but also could
be seen at the surface in water that was two metres deep. The conjecture
is that this is seawater being forced into the lagoon through the shingle
bank and the bubbling only occurs on tides of over 6 metres in height.
pm I saw some air bubbles in the area approx
200 metres west of main ridge and spreading a futher 100 metres west. There
must have been at least 100 sets of bubbles! At least six had water rising
at least 25 mm over the level of the Widewater. At this time there were
no other areas showing this effect.
pm I then witnessed the same again this time
some 200 metres east of the bridge and extending another 50 metres east.
The bubble form was less pronounced than the previous lot.
gravity reading in the main channel was about 1.014
at 24° C which gives a salinity
of about 23‰ (ppt)
which is into the medium brackish range that could support cockles and
other marine organisms. This represents a fall of 6‰
(ppt) from the
reading in July 2002.
of thousands of very small (> 15 mm) prawns collected on the lagoon
edges amongst the pebbles. They were too small for positive identification
with the naked eye, but I tend to go for the Common Prawn, Palaemon
the surrounds of the causeway, I suddenly spotted a Ringed
Plover chick. the two parents were conspicuous,
part of their distraction behaviour, and altogether a small flock of
about 15 Ringed Plovers
wheeled noisily. Wheatears
were flying around as well, prior to emigration and the Mute
Swan couple were accompanied by nine
dirty grey cygnets. The Little
Egret seems to have deserted Widewater this
summer after being a regular every day visitor, if not virtually a resident
during he colder months.
large and distinctive example of a female
Emperor Dragonfly buzzed overhead.
really mixed back of wildlife in the morning from an immigrant Painted
Lady Butterfly settled on a flower amongst
a flutter of various smaller butterflies
on Shoreham beach near the Church of the Good
Shepherd, where further along towards Widewater
at least a dozen Wheatears
were preparing for their flight back to Africa.
beach several hundred Sand
Gobies were present in the pools to
the south of the pier which were covered on bedrock weed of sufficient
variety to interest the phycologist.
on the airport road outside of Ricardo's Engineering Works, a Common
Lizard did not move as I cycled past. I stopped and tickled it under
the chin and then it skittled into the undergrowth.
low spring tide forecasted at 0.2 on WXTides at
beach (Shoreham Harbour) receded past the tide marker for at least
20 minutes and the sand covered almost all the rocks.
Winkle, Ocenebra erinacea, was
recorded and one orange coloured Common
Chiton, Leptochiton asellus. The
chiton was fixed to the underside of rock at mid-tide level, amongst the
loose rocks between the end of the groynes and the water line. This is
the usual place where these small (16 mm) oval rock-hugging molluscs can
be discovered, but they are not prevalent and can be easily overlooked.
of the venerids (bivalve mollusc), probably Venerupis
senegalensis (=pullastra) was
still alive on the surface under a rock.
large (20 mm) specimen of the distinctive small shrimp-like crustacean
Athanas nitescens was blue with a white stripe down its back, looking
formidable like a microscopic lobster, if it was not so tiny.
List for the Trip
a breezy sunny and still humid day, the butterflies
on the old railway track south of the old Shoreham Toll Bridge
included Painted Ladies
(4+) possibly blown in from France, as well as the distinctive silhouettes
of the Red Admirals (4+), a
particularly bright orange of the Small
Tortoiseshell Butterflies (4+), with Small
and Meadow Browns,
all just a few.
pedunculatus, has been discovered by Paul
Parsons off the outfall pipe near Brooklands boating lake. I (Andy
Horton) have discovered this sea anemone (that contains symbiotic
algae) on Worthing beach on one memorable occasion,
but at the moment this seems the most easterly discovery of this sea
anemone on the northern English Channel coast and shallow seas.
is very hot and humid with a temperature of 28.5° C was attained
during the day, and even at midnight it is 21.7 ºC with a humidity
compare the butterflies on Mill
Hill with the ones seen yesterday in the Lancing
Clump meadows, I made a late afternoon visit and notes that the density
in a smaller area was at least twice as high but the variety of butterflies,
with just one pair of eyes, was smaller. Again in order of frequency, the
butterflies are listed:
were hundreds of 6-Spot
Moths in the long grasses.
blue butterflies in the medium length grasses would not settle with their
wings open, on the muggy humid day, and I could not instantly confirm their
identification. It is in a known Chalkhill Blue habitat and the underside
has an absence of any orange so it seems that Chalkhill Blue is probable.
Butterflies (Photographs 2000)
of Lancing Ring have arranged for expert Brianne Reeve of the Butterfly
Conservation group to lead a walk over the reserve.
a hot (25° C) and muggy (humidity 86%) day, the walk produced an exceptional
variety of butterflies. In order of prevalence
last two were rarities in the meadows. Both could have been overlooked
by a single naturalist. Small red mites
were present on some of the Meadow Browns.
Burnet Moths was also common in the meadows.
Walk in August 2001
Discussion Group (for Butterflies and Moths)
Nature News (June 2002)
burials and the social context
practice of inhumation with weapons is widespread, both temporally and
geographically, among those peoples commonly referred to as Germanic. It
seems to have begun in the late Roman empire, and has been seen as an attempt
to reflect the barbarian Roman's status in death as well as in life. The
rite partially supplanted, and in many cases continued alongside, the older
rite of cremation, both finally dying out with the conversion to Christianity.
Common assumptions that are made are that the weapon rite represents both
the burial of a warrior and of a full set of fighting kit (or "Heregewede").
From this, the extrapolation of status, wealth and social categories has
often been made. Pader has analysed Anglo-Saxon graves (largely female:
on the whole they contain more gravegoods to analyse) on the basis of artefact
distribution, both in the type and position, and found a complex structure
of factors such as age, sex, position in the cemetery, and posture, which
seem to influence gravegood distribution.
hardware in local Saxon graves seems to be scarce; a shield boss
was found at Highdown
but although plenty of coins and brooches have been discovered, I do not
know of any swords, perhaps a few spearheads
etc. I have not looked into this thoroughly though.
Hammer was discovered at Alfriston.
Valley Book List
Archaeological Society EGroup
of the Week
| pnet | a. E18. [L pinnatus, f. pinna, penna: see PINNA n.2, -ATE2.]
1 Bot. & Zool. Resembling a feather; having lateral parts or branches
on each side of a common axis, like the vanes of a feather; having feather-like
markings; (of a compound leaf) composed of a series of (usu. opposite)
leaflets arranged on each side of a common petiole.
from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc.
shapes are arranged in a standard descriptive convention, see The
Penguin Dictionary of Natural History, and
leaflets arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk
but acute at each end
from the Glossary of
Concise British Flora in Colour by W. Keble Martin
George Rainbird Limited 1965
Glossary contains a larger number of leaf shapes than the dictionary.
Percy Bysshe Shelley
to thee, blithe Spirit!
thou never wert,
from heaven, or near it,
thy full heart
profuse strains of unpremeditated art.
still and higher
the earth thou springest
a cloud of fire;
blue deep thou wingest,
singing still dost soar, and soaring ever singest.
the golden lightning
the sunken sun,
which clouds are bright'ning,
dost float and run,
an unbodied joy whose race is just begun.
pale purple even
around thy flight;
a star of heaven
the broad daylight
art unseen, but yet I hear thy shrill delight -
as are the arrows
that silver sphere
intense lamp narrows
the white dawn clear
we hardly see -we feel that it is there.
the earth and air
thy voice is loud,
when night is bare,
one lonely cloud
moon rains out her beams, and heaven is overflowed.
thou art we know not;
is most like thee?
rainbow clouds there flow not
so bright to see
from thy presence showers a rain of melody.
a poet hidden
the light of thought,
the world is wrought
sympathy with hopes and fears it heeded not:
a high-born maiden
a palace tower,
in secret hour
music sweet as love, which overflows her bower:
a glow-worm golden
a dell of dew,
the flowers and grass, which screen it from the view:
a rose embowered
its own green leaves,
warm winds deflowered,
the scent it gives
faint with too much sweet these heavy-winged thieves:
of vernal showers
the twinkling grass,
that ever was
and clear, and fresh, thy music doth surpass.
us, sprite or bird,
sweet thoughts are thine:
have never heard
of love or wine
panted forth a flood of rapture so divine.
with thine would be all
an empty vaunt -
thing wherein we feel there is some hidden want.
objects are the fountains
thy happy strain?
fields, or waves, or mountains?
shapes of sky or plain?
love of thine own kind? what ignorance of pain?
thy clear keen joyance
came near thee:
lovest, but ne'er knew love's sad satiety.
of death must deem
more true and deep
we mortals dream,
how could thy notes flow in such a crystal stream?
look before and after,
pine for what is not:
some pain is fraught;
sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought.
if we could scorn
and pride, and fear;
we were things born
to shed a tear,
know not how thy joy we ever should come near.
than all measures
than all treasures
in books are found,
skill to poet were, thou scorner of the ground!
me half the gladness
thy brain must know,
my lips would flow
world should listen then, as I am listening now!
and Web Site poems (by the younger poet)
& Poets Smart Group
by Andy Horton
a pleasant sunny day after a generally inclement spring, it was nearly
the solstice before I made my first eventful trip to Mill
noticeable was the field of Common
Poppies grazed by a dozen or so cows between
Mill Hill and Buckingham Barn, and also bright red fields to the north-east
and on the ridges, highest points of the downs.
August 2002 & 1 September 2002
am 5:00 pm
OF BRITAIN AIR SHOW
Saturday every month.
on Netscape Composer 4.6