This is the first published
Electronic Newspaper for
7 June 2000 : Volume 2 Issue 20
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Words of the Week
logical positivism, a set of doctrines espoused most famously by a group of philosophers calling themselves the Vienna Circle, who met in Vienna during the 1920s and 1930s. In the tradition of analytic philosophy and influenced strongly by empiricism and especially by Hume, logical positivism was an attempt to develop empiricist views with the help of logic and mathematics, in particular, in the work of Russell and the young Wittgenstein. According to logical positivists, sense experience is all we can appeal to in justifying our beliefs or in explaining the meaning of our words. These views give rise to the Verificationist Principle on which the meaning of a sentence is the procedure by which it can be verified. The logical positivists believed that adoption of their ideas would dissolve all the problems of philosophy because any question to which the answer could not be provided by some experience would be meaningless. Logical positivism was spread in the UK by Ayer's work and in the USA by the forced emigration of Carnap.
existentialism, a movement in mid-20th-century continental philosophy. In the post-war years it gripped the imagination of many thinkers, writers, and artists. Its appeal lay partly in its ability to reflect the alienation and experience of atrocity in 20th-century Europe. Existentialist philosophers speculated about the nature of reality, but subordinated traditional metaphysical and epistemological questions to an anthropocentric perspective, in which there takes place a dramatic, often tragic, confrontation between man and the world. Existentialist thought tends to disparage scientific knowledge, particularly psychology, in so far as it claims to be a science, and to insist on the absence of objective values, stressing instead the reality and significance of human freedom. Influenced by Kierkegaard, existentialism gave rise to a tradition of Christian existentialism, but the best-known exponents of existentialism in its atheistic form are Heidegger and Sartre. Existentialism cannot be easily identified with any single set of philosophical ideas. It took contemporary inspiration from Husserl's phenomenology, but derived also from various sources in 19th-century philosophy, including Nietzsche and Kierkegaard, whose conception of the 'individual' may be regarded as a prototype for the existentialist view of the human being as solitary, contingent, and self-creating.
semiotic | simtk, sem- | a. & n. Also semei-. E17. [Gk semeiotikos significance, f. semeioun interpret as a sign, f. semeion (see SEMIOLOGY): see -OTIC, -IC, -ICS.] A adj. 1 Med. Of or pertaining to symptomatology. E17. 2 Symbolic, serving to convey meaning. rare. Only in L18. 3 Of or pertaining to semiotics or the production of meanings by sign-systems. E20. B n. I In pl. (usu. treated as sing.). 1 Med. Symptomatology. L17. 2 The branch of knowledge that deals with the production of meanings by sign-systems in various fields, esp. in language or literature. L19. II sing. 3 = sense B.2 above. L19.semiotical a. = SEMIOTIC a. 1, 3 L16. semiotically adv. E20. semiotician n. a semioticist M20. semioticist n. an expert in or student of semiotics L20.
Sussex Web Sites
The origin of the "shore" component in Shoreham seems obvious to the general public, but it is dismissed outright by the linguists for the simple reason that the word was not known to be used by the Saxons (Old English) with its current meaning.
| | n.1 ME. [MLG, MDu. schore, perh. f. base of SHEAR v.] 1
a The land bordering on the sea or a large lake or river; a coast, a bank;
(sing. & in pl.) a country bounded by a coast. ME. b Law &
Physical Geogr. Land lying between ordinary high and low water marks. E17.
2 Part of a seashore built up as a landing-place; a quay, a wharf.
NB:The American Heritage Dictionary 3rd Edition gives the etymon for the word 'shore' as scora and this would be consistent with the past participle of scoren, shear, shorn.
Exactly when shore was first used in its current meeting is not known, but my guess is that it was before the 14th century.
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Sponsorship is also available for the Adur Torpedo Electronic News Bulletin and the Shoreham-by-Sea web pages (which preceded the Adur Resource Centre web site), which would be more suitable for a local firm(s).
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Adur Torpedo was written, designed and distributed by Andy Horton.
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