This is the first
published Electronic Newspaper for
Shoreham-by-Sea and the
Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England
17 June 2001: Volume 3 Issue 21
Adur Festival starts with a procession but ends with a big squelch and
a whimper, although there is a fête on Southwick Green.
aeroplane with a disabled pilot made an emergency and successful landing,
gliding down on to the airfield after the engine cut out. The pilot was
lucky that the engine did fail at what is called "dead reckoning height"
when the aeroplane would then plummet straight into the ground.
Downs National Park : Proposed Area
on the URL for the complete map
footpaths to Lancing
Ring are now open.
Sussex County Council announce most paths are now open, unless they are
inhabited or used by farm livestock, or farm animals are nearby.
path from Old
Shoreham is officially open.
send any comments to: Andy Horton
beach at Shoreham
beach along to the Widewater is a colourful
sight with Red Valerian
(red and white) , Viper's Bugloss
(blue), Sea Thrift (pink),
Kale (white), Tree
Mallow (crimson, not so much as usual),
Ragwort and a few garden flowers particularly
colourful as expected during the best month of June. A party of school
children, pencils and pads in their hand were on a field trip near the
Church of the Good Shepherd.
from Brooklands Boating Lake, Common Terns,
with their distinctive forked tails, swept low over the sea that was showing
the first signs of white horses, and descended to take a feed from just
below the surface in one swift swoop. Black-headed Gulls, in breeding
livery with a completely dark (brown) head, were attempting the same manoeuvre
without the same elegance. A half dozen Cormorants congregated around
the post marking the outlet pipe, occasionally diving under. This is a
regular flocking area for these fish eating birds with frequently up to
29 birds that can be quickly counted.
Plover reveals itself by its swift running
over the shingle. Without moving it is too well camouflaged and difficult
to spot. The summer residents birds and much plumper than the lean winter
visitors. As the tide ebbs and the water recedes, more (a half dozen in
50 metres of sand) of these small birds appear on the emerging sand flats.
the sea, Paul Parsons returned from a brief foray with a handful of very
sea anemones, a small sea hare Elysia
viridis, and some other very small
orange anemones with whitish orange tentacles. After close study I think
these are the often overlooked Diadumene
cincta. The mouth is orange in some specimens, but the most
useful diagnostic difference from the similar Plumose
Anemones is their instant jerky reaction when touched.
Worthing Pier (Page 3)
of Common Spotted Orchids are in flower on the chalk bank of westbound
A27 Shoreham bypass near Slonk Hill (TQ 225 065).
Nature & History - June 2001 Newsletter
to the web site by Ray Hamblett)
of the Week
a group, population, breed, or variety within a species. The term is rarely
used scientifically because of difficulties in its exact definition. Subgroups
within a species are thought to evolve from a series of biological changes
through many generations. These groups reflect local differences in the
distribution of genes, arising from the isolation of breeding populations
and subsequent loss of interbreeding.
term 'race' is sometimes used to divide humanity into different groups
according to real or imagined common descent. Such divisions are usually
based on physical characteristics such as skin and hair colour, and shape
of eyes and nose, which are related to the geographical origins of a particular
group. In the 19th century, it was believed that human beings could be
unambiguously classed as members of particular races, and that social and
cultural differences could be explained on racial grounds. The notion of
race as a rigid classification or genetic system has largely been abandoned,
and it is generally acknowledged that human races are relative sub-divisions
of one species, which have migrated and interbred over time. Many supposed
differences between the races are actually owing to different social customs
and religious and language differences. There is, however, a small minority
of exponents of much-disputed theories that race and attributes such as
intelligence are connected. (See also ethnic group, racism.)
twitchel | twt()l
| n. dial. Also twitchen. [OE twycene, twicen. Cf. TWITTEN.]
1 A fork in a road, a forked way. OE-ME. 2 A narrow lane; a narrow passage
between walls or hedges. LME.
But OE _twicen(e)_ yields ME _twychen_ (which would give a ModE
The attested ME forms of _twitten_ (e.g. 'atte Twyten' in 13th
Sussex surnames) point rather to an OE *_twiten_, related to German
'narrow lane, alley'.
| twt()n | n. dial. E19. [Perh. rel. to LG twiete alley, lane. Cf.
TWITCHEL.] A narrow path or passage between two walls or hedges.
| abslut | a. & n. LME. [L absolutus freed, completed, pa. pple
of absolvere ABSOLVE; partly infl. by OFr. absolu.] A adj. I Detached,
disengaged. 1 Absolved from. LME-M17. 2 Disengaged from accidental or special
circumstances. Only in LME. 3 Absorbed in (an occupation). Only in L15.
In quality or degree. 4 Finished; perfect. arch. LME. 5 Pure, mere;
in the strictest sense. M16. 6 Complete, entire. L16.
G. SANDYS Where mariners be English: who are the absolutest in their profession.
5 P. HAWKER The gale increased to an absolute tornado. absolute alcohol
ethanol containing less than one per cent of water by weight. absolute
music self-dependent instrumental music without literary or other extraneous
suggestions. 6 ARNOLD BENNETT Performed with absolute assurance and perfection.
N. BLAKE If he wasn't such an absolute ass. D. LESSING Your decree [of
divorce] was absolute last week.
In position or relation. 7 Gram. Not in the usual grammatical relation
or construction; (of a form) uninflected. LME. 8 Of ownership or
authority: unrestricted, independent. L15. 9 Having absolute power; arbitrary,
despotic. L16. 10 Viewed without relation to or comparison with other things
of the same kind; real, actual. E17.
ablative absolute: see ABLATIVE n. 1. accusative absolute: see ACCUSATIVE
n. dative absolute: see DATIVE n. genitive absolute: see GENITIVE n. nominative
absolute: see NOMINATIVE n. 8 absolute majority a majority over all rivals
combined, more than half. 10 absolute HUMIDITY. absolute MAGNITUDE. absolute
pitch a fixed standard of pitch defined by the rate of vibration; ability
to recognize or reproduce the exact pitch of a note. absolute temperature
temperature measured from absolute zero. absolute term: see TERM n. absolute
unit a unit which can be defined in terms of mass, length, and time. absolute
value Math. of a real number: its value irrespective of sign; of a complex
number a + ib: the positive square root of a2 + b2. absolute viscosity:
see VISCOSITY 2. absolute zero: see ZERO n. 2b.
Without condition or mental limitation. 11 Of a person or prediction: free
from doubt or uncertainty. arch. E17. 12 Of a statement etc.: free from
conditions or reservations. E17. 13 Philos. Existing or able to be thought
of without relation to other things. L18.
SHAKES. Cymb. I am absolute 'Twas very Cloten.
n. 1 the Absolute, that which is absolute, that which exists or is able
to be thought of without relation to other things. M19. 2 An absolute thing;
an absolute principle or truth. M19.absolutely adv. in an absolute manner
or degree; also (stressed on 3rd syll.) used as an emphatic affirmative:
yes, quite so: LME. absoluteness n. M16.
| kmprhensv | a. & n. E17. [Fr. comprehensif, -ive or late L
comprehensivus, f. comprehens-: see COMPREHENSIBLE, -IVE.] A adj. 1 Comprising
or including much or all; of large content or scope; spec. (of motor vehicle
insurance) providing cover for most risks, including damage to the policyholder's
own vehicle. E17. b Inclusive of. M17. c spec. Designating a secondary
school or a system of education which provides for children of all intellectual
or other abilities. M20. 2 Characterized by mental comprehension; embracing
many mental sympathies etc. E17. 3 Logic. Understood in intension
as opp. to extension. Now rare or obs. E18.
M. FRAYN A comprehensive lexicon of all the multi-purpose monosyllables
used by headline-writers. D. HALBERSTAM He wanted more coverage than any
other paper; he was determinedto be comprehensive.
n. A comprehensive school. M20.comprehensively adv. LME. comprehensiveness
n. M17. comprehensivization n. the action of comprehensivizing M20. comprehensivize
v.t. make (a school, an education system) comprehensive M20.
from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc.
on Netscape Composer 4.7