Reports from the sea, shore and coast, including Widewater Lagoon
Coastal saline lagoons and the Water Framework Directive (NECR039)
A number of coastal saline lagoons in the UK have been identified as ‘water bodies’ under the Water Framework Directive. This means that there is a requirement to develop type-based classification tools to help assess their ecological status. This study was commissioned by Natural England to inform future work of the UK Technical Advisory Group and Marine Task Team in developing a national consistent approach to the assessment of lagoons under the Water Framework Directive.
Adur World Oceans Day
World Oceans Day was first declared as 8th June at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
Events occurred all around the world on and around this day.
was one of the UK leaders in presenting the sixteenth environmental exhibition
Oceans Day on Coronation
British Marine Life Study
Society presented the usual exhibition of
The Friends of Shoreham Beach (FOSB)
took an active role with their display of the wonders of Shoreham
Beach. Wildlife writer Steve
Savage presented the whale
and dolphin exhibition. Nikki Hills
on behalf of the Sussex
Wildlife Trust produced an interactive
display on the sea and seashore for the younger age group.
Exhibitors are available to find the time to answer questions about marine
Other participants will include Southwick Camera Club with an exhibition of seascapes and marine life, and Shoreham Sea Scouts.
Oceans Day on facebook
Adur World Oceans Day on facebook
United Nations: World Oceans Day.
Coastal Reports 2017
15 November 2016
Teals on Widewater
chill under the clear blue sky in the morning
but by midday the sun shone on
the steep embankment of Shoreham Harbour opposite
Shoreham Power Station. With the sun came some late butterflies,
at least three male Common Blues,
at least two of them fresh and intact amongst the longer grass. After
five minutes a Clouded Yellow
flew past and although I only saw one at a time, I thought there could
be at least three of them. Last but not least, a Peacock
Butterfly flew up the steep bank by the
steps as I was about to leave. At least I thought it would be the last
butterfly (possibly the last of the year?)
until another Clouded Yellow
Adur Butterfly List 2016
noted included bushes of Gorse,
Ox-tongue, Bristly Ox-tongue,
albus, one spike of yellow Melilot,
about three Hardheads
(=Lesser Knapweed), two Red
Ragwort, and small amounts of Yarrow
Clover Photo Guide
On the shingle beach at Shoreham by Ferry Road, I noted the following weeds in flower: Oxford Ragwort, Dandelion, Smooth Sow Thistle, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Cat's Ear and Orache.
On the northern bank (upper cliff grassy part east of the Schooner PH) of Shoreham Harbour canal in Southwick, the following plants were noted in flower: Gorse, Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Rough Hawkbit, Teasels, and Everlasting Pea.
2 October 2016
Lizard predating on a Crane-fly
Photograph by Su Reed
Location: Shoreham Fort
29 September 2016
Babington's Orache, Silver Ragwort
Hop Trefoil, Rock Samphire, Sea Beet
28 September 2016
Sea Heath, Frankenia laevis
27 September 2016
Orache, Sea Blite, Sea Heath
Sea Blite, Glasswort
The plants nearest the shore (Shoreham Beach East) were prostrate forms of Orache, some of which had leaves turning crimson, although most of them were green and the outlying leaves were the first to change colour, Slightly further inland as near as ten metres from the Orache were prostrate species Ray's Knotgrass and low lying Sea Rocket. A few metres further inland hosted prostrate Bittersweet, Sea Beet, Rock Samphire and dwarf versions of Sow Thistle.
Orache, Sea Beet
Orache (unidentified), Ray's Knotgrass x 2
18 September 2016
Fringes of Widewater
Sea Beet, Sea Purslane *, Sea Aster, Orache (unidentified)
Sea Spurrey, Sea Blite, Glasswort
(* River Adur)
On the shingle beach near the Church of Good Shepherd
15 September 2016
Childing Pink, Hare's Foot Clover, Childing Pink
Kidney Vetch (late flowering)
It was still sunny for almost all day and the southerly breeze hardly blew the flowers about. Near Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach, occasional Childing Pink were still in flower with the seed heads of Hare's Foot Clover, and the last flowers of Kidney Vetch.
the cracks in the tarmac on a road verge nearby, I recorded the Oxford
squalidus, for the first time; a more
showy immigrant plant than the native Common
Ragwort. A couple of juvenile Wall
over the carnot
wall of Shoreham
Fort. Two grasshopper
species were spotted by Silver Sands
and Shoreham Fort:
Field Grasshoppers, Chorthippus brunneus,
and Lesser Marsh Grasshoppers,
In the autumn sunshine there were frequent butterflies and they were almost all Whites. The white bobbing rear of a Wheatear flew over the shingle seaward of Shoreham Fort, Shoreham Beach, prior to emigration. I spotted a young Wall Lizard, Podarcis muralis, amongst the shingle vegetation by Shoreham Fort, but not on the carnot wall.
An organised walk by Sussex Botanical Recording Society on Shoreham Beach Nature Reserve led to the discovery of plants that were not on the Friends of Shoreham Beach list or noted before on these Nature Notes pages. This most notable of these were the diminutive four-petalled flower and easily overlooked Sea Rocket, Cakile maritima, and even easier to miss Ray's Knotgrass, Polygonum oxyspermum. Both straggling prostrate plants were discovered right down on the shingle beach only a metres above the strandline, in an area where the prostrate form of Spear-leaved Orache, Atriplex hastata, was previously thought by me to be the only wild plant present in this zone.
Ray's Knotgrass, Sea Mayweed
Cat's Ear, Curled Dock, Silver Ragwort
Botanists can identify plants by their leaves and non flowering characteristics. Sea Mayweed, Tripleurospermum maritimum, was confirmed. For the most part these web pages reports the flowering plants of which the familiar Bristly Ox-tongue, Hawkweed Ox-tongue and Cat's Ear were yellow flowers seen frequently. A young Slow Worm was discovered under a rock and a Wall Lizard Podarcis muralis, was seen in hole of the carnot wall of Shoreham Fort.
On Widewater Lagoon, the pair of Mute Swans had five nearly fully grown cygnets in attendance. I checked out for 3-spined Sticklebacks by the bridge and saw a few, but there were a dozen or more Common Gobies, Pomatoschistus microps.
12 August 2016
The annual Friend's of Shoreham Beach "rockpooling" event at the Old Fort Beach produced scores of Shore Crabs, Carcinus maenas, and one large Flounder but very little of interest. A small caprellid (= Skeleton Shrimp) and small Brown Shrimps were collected in the youngster's nets amongst the usual tiny prawns and a few Common Gobies. The temporary aquaria housed a few Beadlet Anemones, Actinia equina.
I spotted three Wall Lizards, Podarcis muralis, amongst the shingle vegetation by Shoreham Fort, Shoreham Beach in the sunshine. They were very skittish. One of three was on the carnot wall.
6 June 2016
Shallow seas off Widewater
4 June 2016
On breezy humid afternoon, I spotted my first Painted Lady Butterfly on Shoreham Beach 20 metres west of the carnot wall of Shoreham Fort. This immigrant butterfly was very restless and settled for a second at most. Viper's Bugloss was spotted in flower for the first time this year on the shingle.
3 June 2016
Tree Mallow, Silver Ragwort, Common Poppies, Sea Campion
Yellow-horned Poppy, Rock Samphire, Sea Campion, Sea Kale
A large unidentified dragonfly was seen flying rapidly over Shoreham Beach and the Shoreham Fort end (east). It was the first of the year and flew like a hawker. Wall Lizards, Podarcis muralis, were not seen on the carnot walls of the Fort but they were occasionally seen (5) on the shingle and house garden walls backing on to the beach.
Large swathes of Red Valerian and Sea Kale were in flower with the silver leaves of the yet to flower Silver Ragwort.
25 May 2016
Kidney Vetch, Starry Clover, Silver Ragwort
Sea Kale, Childing Pink
Red Valerian, Sea Campion, Star of Bethlehem, Sea Campion
Childing Pink, Thrift, Tree Mallow, Starry Clover
25 April 2016
Red Valerian, Dove's Foot Cranesbill, Corn Salad
Wavy Bittercress, Mouse-ear
Ragwort on Shoreham
Just after midday a Peacock Butterfly briefly landed in front of me on the larger pebbles by Shoreham Fort, Shoreham Beach. It was my first butterfly of the year. And it was the first rays of sun that prompted at least 25 Wall Lizards, Podarcis muralis, to peek out of their holes in the carnot wall of the old redoubt, and from their shelter in crannies of the earth and rubble embankment. All but one were adults with lizards in pairs and sometimes in three in choice holes. This number seen was approaching to the most numerous seen (38) in one day. One lizard skittered right up to the top of the wall.
Hundreds of the egg cases of the Undulate Ray were scattered over the foreshore above the high tide on the shingle marked by washed up seaweeds and other strandline debris.
Gales blew throughout the day and for a large part of the daylight hours it was Gale Force 9 even reaching a steady 65.6 mph (Violent Storm Force 11) gusting to 67.4 mph with some very alarming sudden gusts. The wind direction was WSW but sudden gusts could blew from other directions. These wind speeds were recorded by the more exposed Shoreham Beach Weather Station but even Shoreham Met Office recorded gusts to 61 mph (Force 10). The lowest was Gale Force 8 during the daylight.
Shoreham Weather Reports
Gale Force 9
Windfinder gave the maximum wave height at 5.6 metres. At the time of the photograph it was at 5.4 metres.
28 January 2016
Photograph by Keith Wilson
Two Turnstones were scavenging around the strandline near Shoreham Fort one poking its beak into the poisonous mineral oil, with scores of Undulate Ray egg cases, and where a small clump of Goose Barnacles, Lepas anatifera, were my first identified arthropods of the year.
There were at least half a dozen Little Grebes on Widewater and one of them surfaced with s 3-spined Stickleback (my second fish of the year) in its beak.
Widewater was still as a mill pond, but hosted no birds of special interest under a clear blue sky. A Redshank waded in the shallows of the lagoon and probed in the mud. The family group of eight Mute Swans were all asleep in a small grassy back garden. A British Rock Pipit, Anthus petrosus petrosus, scrambled amongst the minimal beach vegetation in mid-afternoon above the high tide mark on the shingle. Similarly, there was very little activity on the mudflats at low tide by the Toll Bridge at Old Shoreham. A hundred mixed gulls and a couple of Little Egrets making cursory attempts at fishing was the best on offer.
A drake Goosander arrived on Lancing Widewater Lagoon in the morning and has been observed chasing the Red Breasted Mergansers already there.
6 January 2016
Widewater was like a millpond, still and clear giving reflections despite the rapidly fading light under a cloudy sky in the later afternoon. There were ducks on the lagoon but the darkness set in so early that even through the binoculars I could not discern their markings. From the behaviour I surmised they were Teals, ducking their heads under and rumps upward.
A tired Gannet was down the Widewater brought in by the storms.
From behind a beach hut by Widewater I saw four adult Little Gulls including three together along the shoreline at 09:52 and a Great Skua all flying west.
Coastal Reports 2015
Adur Weather 2014
World Oceans Day 2012
Shoreham Fort Plants
Marine Life Reports 2010