Reports edited by Andy Horton

20 November 2009
I found a probable Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, newly dead, washed up on Borth Beach, north Wales, after very high tide and stormy sea.
Report by Susan Strickland

28 December 2007
Whilst out walking my dogs as I do every day on beach at Seascale in West Cumbria., something unusual caught my eye. It looked like a cross between a sea horse and a snake. When I returned home I looked it up on the internet and through a site linked to your own, I identified it as a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus. It was still alive, though stranded on the sand it could still move in a snake like fashion. Not wanting it to become seagull food, I moved it into a rock pool which when left alone swivelled itís body from side to side like a sea snake with just itís head sticking out of the water. The tide was ebbing and was about half way out when I found the 40cm + creature.

Report by Simon Brown

August to September 2007
Snake Pipefishes, Entelurus aequoreus, have been seen in huge numbers at sea and on the shore off the coast of Cornwall.

Report by Rory Goodall (Elemental Tours)

c. 17 August 2007
We have just been diving in Eyemouth (Weasel Loch) and saw a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus.  Our sighting was at approx. 7 metres at the bottom of Weasel Loch in south-east Scotland. He was about 40 cm long.

Report by Gillian & Keith Taylor

11 July 2007
I took my daughter Keira (aged 3) to the north beach at Bridlington, East Yorkshire, and built a sandcastle for her and whilst doing so I dug up a dead/dried up Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus. I still have it in my little girls bucket.

Report by Joanne Mason

27 June 2007
The Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, (immediately below left) was discovered on a raised platform 5 metres above sea level at Dounreay, north Scotland, and the tides have been low recently, and the sea relatively calm, so we don't understand how it got onto the platform. It was still moist and pliable when we discovered it, so perhaps it was dropped there by a bird.

Report by Sue Thompson (Dounreay bullyetin)
c. 23 June 2007
The Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, (immediate left) was discovered on the North Alwyn North Sea oil rig over 60 metres above the water so it was probably dropped by a gull. 
Report by Neil Punshon

15 June 2007
We found a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, at Tayport in Fife, Scotland. I found it in rocks near the edge of the water, it was dead and quite dried up. We didn't know what it was but your website helped us find out. We have kept it in the garden. I called him
Jamie. Everyone thought it was a stick but I knew it was a fish because it has eyes. I like finding things at the beach and I like
finding out what they are.

Report by Finn Macaulay (nearly 7 yo)

Photograph by Mark CrameI found  around 50 to 100 Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, washed up on the coast at Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire, all dead, on the high tide line following storms. They measured approximately 35 cm.

Report by Ben Lever

I caught four Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, in my prawn nets in the harbour at Lowestoft, Suffolk. Some of these (the males) had eggs along the underside.

Report and Photograph by Mark Crame
27 May 2007
Otter (Copyright Photograph by Nic Davies)
Otter (Copyright Photograph by Nic Davies)
Otter (Copyright Photograph by Nic Davies)

In this brilliant sequence of photographs, Nic Davies (Splashdown Direct.com), captures a European Otter, Lutra lutra, in the process of capturing a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, on the Isle of Mull (map), Argyll and Bute, Inner Hebrides, SW Scotland.

Snake Pipefish (Photograph by Nicola Lowe)28 May 2007 & 1 June 2007
I have just returned from our holiday in Filey, Yorkshire,  where we found Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, on the beach. There were about 50 dead ones and a few that were still alive which we returned to the sea.  A few of them (the males) had eggs on their bellies.  On the 1 June 2007 we had a walk to Filey Brigg were the majority of the rockpools had live ones in them.

Report and Photograph by Nicola Lowe

16 May 2007
I found three Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, at Oxwich Bay in lower shore rockpools. One was on own in small open pool and the other two were under some seaweed, Fucus serratus.

Report by Dr Judith Oakley

3 May 2007
A Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, was found on the strandline at Walberswick, Suffolk, just south of Southwold Harbour, around midday. I thought it had only just been washed ashore and hoping it might revive put it back in the sea - where my Labrador immediately retrieved it!  It looked no worse (or better) for wear after that though! The sea state was rough on a high tide with a strong wind from NNE.

Report by Steve Larner
30 April 2007
Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus,  were discovered in a rockpool at Whitley Bay on the north east coast of England.
Report and Photograph 
by Geoff Dargue
Photograph by Geoff Dargue

21 April 2007
We did a little beachcoming at at Sea Palling, Norfolk, and found about 20 unusual creatures (dead) which we have identified, by looking at your website, as Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus.  We have never noticed them before. They were in amongst the seaweed and debris washed up by the tide, dried out, some straight, some curled, but many of them were complete. Their heads reminded us of seahorses and they had snake-like bodies.  The colours varied slightly, some very pale, some grey-brown, one quite yellowy with a brown line through its face - the latter was the longest, being about 38 cm.

Report by Carolyn Dixon

17 April 2007
I found one Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, in a rockpool in Robin Hood's Bay in North Yorkshire.

   Report by Fiona Banks

8 -9 April 2007
Alexandra (my daughter aged 9) and I found hundreds of live (some only just) Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, washed ashore on south Mapplethorpe beach (midway north of Skegness and south of Grimsby) over two days. My guess is that there were many more further up and down the coast since there were a number of gulls active on the waters edge and evidence of them feasting on the fish, a few tails remained at points where the gulls had been earlier. Not sure if this is a coincidence or not but during high tide we had seen a number of Porpoises close to shore.
There was a wide variation in size and colours of the Snake Pipefish we found most were about 25-35 cm long, but some were much shorter at about 10-15 cm long. The colours varied from golden through greens and yellows, a number of the smaller ones were red/brown (not sure if they were juveniles or a different species). There are probably a number of souvenirs of this day since a number of holiday makers were taking the dried dead ones away with them (or using them to decorate their sand castles).
We spent over much of our bank holiday happily returning them to the sea.

Report by Dr. Phil Spiby

8 April 2007
Myself and my family found a single, live Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, stranded on the beach at Saltburn on the north east coast of England. We returned the poor creature to the shallows where it immediately revived and 'slithered' out to sea. We felt decidedly pleased with ourselves afterwards!

Report by Keith Nichols

Whilst walking along the shoreline at Withernsea, East Riding of Yorkshire, we came across three pipefish which were a bright gold rather than the duller gold of the photos.  Two were stranded but still alive and I returned them to the sea, the third was dead but still very brightly coloured. Today we came across two more which were the duller colour and definitely Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus; again I returned them to the sea but they seemed to be very sluggish although I saw no signs later so assume they returned to sea. The tide was fairly close to low water at both times.

Report by Val Leverett

2 April 2007
At approx 1.15 am my husband came home from fishing on the Thames Estuary at Erith, Kent with a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, about 7 inches in length.  We were so amazed we had to bring it home and photograph it.  We also breed seahorses but unfortunately discovered that our tank waters are far too warm for this particular pipefish so back it went into the Thames.

Report by Caroline Mohan
21 March 2007
Five Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, were seen stranded on the beach by equinoctial high spring tide at Spittal (Northumberland) south of Berwick-upon-Tweed (NU 006 519). They were still just about alive and were returned to the sea. 
Report by Neil Dickson

20 February 2007
I found a 20 cm Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, in barely submerged floating broken seaweed on a sandy ground next to rocks at  Whitburn, just north of Sunderland. This appeared to be a single specimen and it was discovered an hour after the tide turned. It appears to be a male due to pouch and in good condition.
There are local infomal reports of Cod caught locally that had been dsicovered feeding on these more open sea pipefish from their stomach contents.
I am currently studying this animal in a marine aquarium.

Report by Andrew Yates
12 February 2007
I was walking at Cayton Bay near Scarborough,when I came across a lot of pipefish washed up on the beach. I understand this is unusual. I returned as many live ones to the sea as I could.
  Report by Anna Goodman
Snake Pipefish Notes (by Julian Bell)

11 February 2007
I was walking the dog at Tynemouth today and there were hundreds of what I now know to be Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, washing up on the high tide on the Long Sands. Some were alive and I spent a while with other dog-walkers returning them to the sea.

Report by Geoff Needham

Whilst birdwatching on the beach between Marke and Redcar on the North-east coast of England (postcode TS11) I saw literally hundreds of what look like Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, washed up on the shore. Most were dead but some were still alive. I have never seen this fish in our waters before.

Report by Gordon Douglas

I found this Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, (photographed above) washed up alive on the beach at Saltburn, Cleveland. It was 40 cm long. There were hundreds of them along the shoreline, most were alive and we put quite a few of them back into the sea. The sea was quite rough that day.

Report by Marion Moore

Walking at Seaburn beach, Sunderland, this morning, about 2 hours after high tide, we found approx 20 to 30 of what we now know to be pipefish washed up on the beach, just below the high water mark. They were up to approx 300 mm long, more or less parallel sided for their whole length, similar to a snake. At first they were mistaken for stems of seeaweed, being a similar shape and colour.

Report by Mike Goundry

I have just returned from a walk on my local beach (Tynemouth Longsands, North Tyneside). Whilst strolling along the strandline we noticed many (hundreds, perhaps thousands) dead Pipefish. They appear to have been there for less than 12 hours. The current sea state is very rough with an inshore directional wind.

Report by Richard Eyles

I was on the beach at Cambois in Northumberland when I discovered what looked looked hundreds of eels all along the high tide mark, lots of them still alive, so my partner and I returned  as many as we could to the receding tide and they sure swam off with what appeared to be great joy, took a photo of one of the fish and then found that the eels were in fact Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, when looked up on the Internet.

Report by Dorothy Melvin

I saw thousands of Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, on Longsands, Tynemouth. They appeared to be dead, but when handled, they slowly wriggled.  I tried to return some to the sea but they just kept being swept back to shore.  I hope that the rising tide would have returned them back to sea.

Report by James Muddiman

28 January 2007
I was filling up my bird feeder looked down and saw what I now know is a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, after getting my son to check on the internet and he came up with your website.
We live in Guernsey in the Channel Islands. I live on the coast road on the west coast near Port Grat.  Initially I thought it was a slow worm shedding its tail but when I put my glasses on and picked it up as it was obviously dead and dried out but perfect in one piece. I realised it had gills and the top fin had dried against its body. It has dried in the shape of a question mark its head reminds me of a seahorse and body of a small snake.  I thought you might be interested and I can only guess that it was dropped by a passing seagull.

Report by Jane Prow

A Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, was seen alive on Saltburn Beach, Cleveland.

Report by Mike McGrath

We found many dead Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, along Blyth beach this morning. All were within metres of each other but all dead washed up on the shoreline.

Report by Rachel Elliott

I was walking my dog along the beach at Seaton Sluice, south Northumberland, on Sunday when I noticed him hoovering up what looked to be seaweed. It was the same every day this week. I now have identified these as Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus. There must have been hundreds of them washed up.

Report by Liz Baxter
27-28 January 2007
After the gales even more (at least seven over the weekend) reports of Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, were received from the Scottish borders (east coast), and the east coast of England from Northumberland to Essex. Some were washed up dead and others were returned to the sea alive.
Snake Pipefish washed up at Immingham on the River Humber estuary. 
Report and Photograph by Martin Hopper
NB:  This is a small specimen and I am not absolutely sure of its ID.

27 January 2007
My husband and I found six pipefish in different places along a short area of Hornsea beach (East Yorkshire) in the morning. The tide was going out and they were on the sand, just about alive. We put them in the sea.

Report by Sheila Bartlett (York)
15 January 2007
While fishing in the Humber estuary behind the docks at Grimsby I caught a pipefish it was hanging on the end of my lugworm bait when I reeled in. It was not hooked, just hanging on the end of my bait. I do not know what sort of pipefish it was but it was a sort of mottled brown colour and around 25 cm long. It was returned to the water unharmed but it did not seem to be a very good swimmer and got washed back up on the beach so I threw it out a bit further as carefully as I could.
Report by Dennis Summers

5 January 2007
I found a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, on Great Yarmouth north beach, washed up on last night's high tide.  The fish was roughly 35 cm  long.

Report from Paul
c 2 January 2007
I spotted a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, being washed up onto the beach at Sutton-on-Sea in Lincolnshire amongst some seaweed. It was about 30 cm in length. It was alive and so I put it back into the sea.
Report by Sally.Wilson

29 October 2006
Pipefish are now swarming the sea around Shetland. I have seen them while off fishing, lying dead at the side of the marina (dragged up by an otter) and dropped around by seabirds. The Skeld Marina on the west side of Shetland is alive with pipefish - enough to keep 2 resident Guillemots fed apparently. The oil and general mess of the marina waters does not appear to be putting off these fish or the many birds, seals and otters that appear to be feeding on them, within and outwith the marina.

Until a couple of years ago pipefish were a virtual unknown around here - nobody had heard of them even. Now they appear to have supplanted sand eels as the main small feed fish for other creatures. I say this because sand eel populations are reported to have crashed, while there is no doubt the pipefish are now a very common fish here - and this has happened in the span of a couple of years.

I have also heard fishermen say that the sea around Orkney is thick with pipefish and that is a new phenomenom for them too. Other warm water species are also increasingly prevalent - even tuna seen between Orkney and Shetland.

From my own angling observations, haddock, which was plentiful in 2004/2005 was almost entirely absent on the patches I have fished on this year (all within a mile of the shore). There was some cod around including quite decent sized fish. Ling has been plentiful and there has been so much mackerel in the sea all summer that sometimes it has been difficult to hit the seabed with your gear. That has  been the case with the big commercial mackeral boats also - some have taken their remaining end of the year quota
in 2 weeks (ie several thousand tonnes of big-sized fish)!

Is the appearance of "exotic" species down to global warming? I cannot think of anything else that could have such a rapid and radical effect. This summer had been exceptional in Shetland. We just had our first (very savage it has to be said) winter gale on 25/26 October. Normally, severe gales start around mid-end September. We've had at least a month extra on the norm for the growing season and the summer has been generally warm if not exceptional for temperatiure. We'll maybe see if it develops into a trend?

I don't know what species these pipefish are, having not studied them in detail. I would say they are a pinkish, orange colour, but I'll use your notes for identification.

Report by Peter Johnson
28 October 2006
I found a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, on Scremerston beach (Berwick upon Tweed). Amazing!
Report by Emma Wykes

1 - 8 October 2006
I have seen two pipefish taken by Common Gull and notably one eaten by a female Eider at Hauxley, Northumberland. I have identified these as Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus.

Report by Simon Elliott

16 September 2006
I caught a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, in a rockpool at Westgate in Kent.
Report and Photograph 
by Joe Pickhaver (Age 5)

8 September 2006
I caught a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, about 40 cm long, on the low tide at Caernarfon north Wales. I caught it in a prawn net in a patch of Sargassum muticum. My son found a dead pipefish on the beach last year - it looks like a Snake Pipefish also, now that I have seen one living.

Report by Sion Roberts

3 September 2006
We live at Lowestoft, Suffolk and found a live Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus,  which had been washed up on the beach by a wave. We did not know what is was and used the internet to identify it. It was approx 35 cm long.

Report by Andy Bird
26 August 2006
After a holiday in Robin Hoods Bay, East Yorkshire Coast, we found a what I believe to be aSnake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus,alive and well in a rock pool.
Report by David Masters
August 2006
I accidentally caught a pipefish off the north coast of Sutherland, near Durness.  I was retrieving my bait which got caught in kelp growing out from the rocks on which I was standing.  When I got the line free, a fish was caught between the main line and the weight which had wound round each other. The fish was the colour of a kelp stalk, and I thought that this is what it was until it started wriggling.  The head was just like a seahorse's, with no extended pipe-like feature, and the caudal fin, which was approx 5" long had the same rippling movement as a seahorse. The overall length was 15" -18", and the body round in cross section and smooth (like kelp!).  The water is 30 ft' deep at this mark at low tide, straight down.
  Report by Neil Gordon

11 August 2006
I found a single Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, at the Mumbles, Swansea at approx. 15:00 in weed at low tide.  Other finds included a Worm Pipefish, numerous small Corkwing and Ballan Wrasse, Rock Gobies, and a number of Sea Scorpions.  The pier pilings supported large numbers of Plumose Anemones however the growths of Dead Man's Fingers I have seen before appeared absent.

Report by Julian Wynn
8 August 2006
I was swimming in the sea in the Dunstanburgh Castle North Bay (Northumberland) when I caught a small juvenile Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, in my hand. It was about 15 cm long, After releasing it I noticed that although they were spread out (not in shoals), there was 20-30 of these in the area I was swimming.
Report by Graeme Bell

June/July 2006
I have received numerous (well over a dozen) reports of Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus, from around the northern and eastern coast of Britain from divers seeing live fish and beachcombers discovering dead fish on the strandline. There were too many reports for me to include all of them on this web page.

July 2006
All this July there have been massive breeding aggregations of Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus around Flamborough Head Yorkshire.

Report by Mark Henry
10 April 2006
I spotted a worm like creature in shallow water in Three Cliffs Bay, near Swansea, South Wales. I think it may be a pipefish of some kind. It was identified as a Snake Pipefish, Entelurus aequoreus.
Report by Ceri Miller
7 January 2006

(Identification under enquiry)

The pictures were taken on 07 January 2006. The location was at depth 25 metres on SMS Koln, Scapa Flow Orkney 58 deg 59' 26.6"N 02 deg 58' 24.1"W, water temp 7 deg C, there were three of these fish.

Report and Photographs by Kevin Wilson  (Loganair Ltd)
It looks like a Velvet Swimming Crab, Necora puber, has caught and is eating one of these pipefish. 
Report and Photograph 
by Kevin Wilson  (Loganair Ltd)

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Snake Pipefish
Entelurus aequoreus

The Snake Pipefish can be easily recognised because, as its name suggests, it looks like a snake. Its length is about 40 cm for the male and 45 cm for the female. Its body is round and supple with a thickness of 4 - 6 mm. It is usually coloured in a yellow-gold-brown shade, ringed approximately every 4 mm by bands of blue edged with black, from just behind the gills down to the tail. I hesitate to say tail because the vestige of a caudal fin is not noticeable.

 The fish is said to be uncommon throughout most of its range all around the British Isles, but it is common from Swansea west to Pembrokeshire. Books report it as an open sea species, in contrast to the other British pipefishes which occupy coastal areas. However, it is regularly found at the very low spring tide mark off south Wales. All reports of this fish should be sent in to Glaucus House so we can gauge the frequency of this fish.

Photograph by Andy Horton.Snake Pipefish
In aquaria the Snake Pipefish thrives if fed on live mysids. It should be kept away from the Sea Stickleback, Spinachia spinachia, which is a notorious fin-nipper and bully to smaller fishes. The maximum temperature for this fish is 180C.
An unusual record from Sussex.

Snake Pipefish regularly come inshore along the Dorset coast in May and June, presumably to breed. All the fish I have seen have been amongst the small brown seaweed Halidrys siliquosa. (Jane Lilley)
Jim Hall (Swansea) has bred this fish in aquaria, watching the courtship, eggs hatching from the males pouch etc. 1999.

Fishbase Entry

Snake Pipefish
by Jim Hall

Three male Snake Pipefish and one female have been in my aquarium for at least two years and suddenly, on 28 July 1999, eggs were spotted on the belly of one male! Excited is an understatement. Although I had not witnessed the actual laying of the eggs onto the male's belly there was no question that it had happened in my tank. I removed that male to a quieter tank and within 14 days another male was carrying eggs, so I removed that one as well to see if the third male would receive any eggs. He is a younger male and so far he is not carrying eggs.

Following the birth, after approximately 14 days, of the eggs from the first male pipefish, I replaced this fish back into the larger 2 metre aquarium with the female and the younger male. Two weeks later that same male had eggs on his belly once again but still no eggs on the younger fish. The belly region of the female that has been quite distended since January has now retracted, presumably meaning that spawning is over for this year.

The aquarium was cooled to 15° C with a System 2000 Cooler.

Snake Pipefish

Scientific Name (Frequency) Common Name Location Grid Ref. Date Recorder EMail Comments
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Oxwich Bay Gower   12-Mar-93 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea   5-Jul-93 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Gelliswick Bay Milford Haven   29-Mar-94 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Oxwich Bay, Gower   22/07/94 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Gelliswick Bay Milford Haven   07/09/94 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Port Eynon Gower   31/07/96 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Gelliswick Bay Milford Haven   08-Apr-97 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea   08/07/97 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Oxwich Bay Gower   22/09/98 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (2) Snake Pipefish Oxwich Bay Gower   07/10/98 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea   27/08/99 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea   25/10/99 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Oxwich Bay Gower   30/08/00 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com  
Enterelus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Off Worthing Pier Sussex June 2000 Paul Parsons Diver.Parsons@btinternet.com Rare record
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea 13/12/00 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com Winter
Enterulus aequeorus (1) Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea February 2001 Jim Hall seafish35@ntlworld.com Winter
Enterulus aequeorus (1)  Snake Pipefish Bamburgh
Beach in Northumberland
9 June 2002 Rachael Plews
rplews@blueyonder.co.uk Washed up dead
Enterulus aequeorus (1)  Snake Pipefish Treaddur Bay, Anglesey 15 March 2003 Bill Richardson bill.richardson@knowsley.gov.uk Alive, mid-tidal pool
Enterulus aequeorus (quite a few)  Snake Pipefish Mumbles Swansea 7 August 2003 Julian Wynn julian.wynn@cgey.com Shallows near the shore 
Enterulus aequeorus (1)  Snake Pipefish Ynys Llas nr Borth in west Wales 10 February 2005 Laurence Howells laurence.howells1@ntlworld.com Washed up on the beach alive and returned to the sea



Always good to see this type of information. My experience with these fish in Cornwall is they can be found all year round, but are easier to catch in the Summer months as they hide in strong growths of red seaweed, and therefore can be netted. In the Winter, they are usually found under large (i.e. the largest I can lift, probably 30-35 kilos) stones.

I have never managed to spot a vestigial tail fin either. Other than size, the distinguishing feature of this fish (at least here) is the presence of Kingfisher blue bands around the body, which they all exhibit.

Best regards

As previously reported to you,  Enterulus aequoreus is a not uncommon find in SE Cornwall. I have found to date some 120 specimens over seven years on the exposed reef at Hannafore Point, Looe, and have kept them with some success in
my aquaria, the larger adults being quite spectacular residents, as they swim around happily in mid-water and do not display the habit of other pipefish of constantly hiding. Fish 20-30cm are normally found, males and females, usually in association with the larger red seaweeds, especially Palmaria palmata.

Jon Makeham

I've only seen them close to the seabed among algae, mainly Halidrys siliquosa, the Sea Oak, where they are fairly inconspicuous. But they are also said to swim at the surface in summer, especially among floating algal debris, and often far out to sea. Perhaps the stream of bubbles resembles the turbulence and bubbles at the surface in choppy seas. Could food be more abundant there, so they seek out those conditions? Or perhaps they just like the water movement?

     Jane Lilley

We also have three Snake Pipefish in the Sea Discovery Centre here at Axmouth, now quite used to taking frozen gamma foods, blood worm, chopped cockle or mussel. These were caught back in May 2000 by a local fisherman in his prawn pots close to shore. Two Worm Pipefish were also found rockpooling (one of which was carrying eggs), which are also feeding well on the above.
Jenny Nunn

Entelurus aequoreus (swedish name "större havsnål") is reasonably common on the Swedish west coast. I see some every year, usually in summer while snorkelling over eel grass, but one time I observed one in December, when it was trying to catch overwintering sticklebacks.

(Here's a pic of a Swedish Snake Pipefish, for some inscrutible reason placed under the heading Littorina saxatilis - please check that this is the fish we're talking about)
http://gopher.tmbl.gu.se/Vattenkikaren/fakta/arter/mollusca/prosobra/littsaxa/littsaae.html  (English)

Link to a list of all species of fish found in swedish waters,with notes on occurrence and threat level.

Michael Norén, Doctoral student,
Stockholm University and                      Tel: Int +46 (0)8 5195 5163
Swedish Museum of Natural History,     Fax: Int +46 (0)8 5195 4125
                       "Nihil umquam facile"

A Snake Pipefish curled around my camera.Video grab by Robert Walker

Photograph by Rachael Plews (Halifax)

Snake Pipefish washed up dead on Bamburgh Beach in Northumberland

The new Collin's Pocket Guide to Fish of Britain & Europe have excellent colour illustrations of all the British pipefishes.

Aquarium Study of the Greater Pipefish
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