h initially is much as we
use it: heorte 'heart', habban 'have'. Medially and finally, and when doubled,
its pronunciation resembles the 'ch' in Scottish 'loch': bohte 'bought',
scóh 'shoe', hlehhan 'laugh'; this medial 'h' often survives as
the silent 'gh' of NE, e.g. niht 'night', flyht 'flight', áhte 'ought',
etc.. Initially, before consonants, h is used to indicate a 'softer', breathier
- hn- a soft breathing before the 'n': hnutu 'nut'
- hr- a soft breathing before the 'r': hring 'ring'
- hl- a voiceless 'l' like Welsh 'll': hláf 'loaf'
- hw- a voiceless 'w' like Scots 'wh': hwær 'where?'
Addenda: when was the letter "w" introduced to the alphabet? According to Encyclopaedia Britannica the Normans introduced this letter to use for the English sound w. However, this may be misleading because the OE for write is writan.
Because the initial consonant cluster wl- was lost in English
Middle English period, simplifying to l- (e.g. _lisp_ from OE _wlispian_).
Compare the development of wr- to r- (in e.g. _write_); likewise gn-, hn-
and cn-/kn- to the modern pronunciation n-, however spelt.
>Maybe the name from Wlenca is acceptable ?
Or, better, an OE *_Wlanc_ masculine personal name (from the
>I am better on topography that philology. However, can I suggest læce
>meaning people of the swamp? or of the lake (at high tide)?
OE *_læc(c)_ 'stream, bog' historically contains no [n]
and would not
account for the recorded spellings or the modern form of Lancing.
Thanks for the information on Lancing. 'n' is used in all spellings
Lancing since 1086 (since the Normans transcribed the local names into
their documents?), and the origin from Wlanc is much more appealing.
I only "need" to know in detail the local history (lower Adur valley,
reaches) for my own satisfaction.
OE sumpt = marsh and swamp for Sompting seems to be the accepted
source of the name. However, this does not fit in so well in with the
topography of present day Sompting. (Addenda: This is not that far out as the Cokeham reed beds and marshes are south-east of Sompting.)
Erringham (north of Shoreham) is usually sourced as the home for Erra's
people and it seems to have developed into a separate settlement with a
chapel. However, the possibility did occur to me that the derivation could
have originated from Eringland = arable, ploughed land, or from eriung =
ploughing,tilling. (However, Erra is a name in the historic literature.)
The other locally unclear origin if for the lost harbour/wharfage/possible
settlement of Pende (on the Lancing side of the Adur estuary) where the
origin from pynding = weir occcured to me. The location of Pende is not
Marlipins King Charles II Exhibition at the Marlipins shows an interesting
(well for the locals it is) old, possibly 17th century, map of New Monks
Farm, Lancing, with water channels and sluice gates. I did not know that
this map existed before.
Place names ending with 'ing' means 'the people of'. The first part may derive from Wlanc, meaning proud or 'imperious', of Hlanc, 'lank' or 'lean', [Mawer and Stenton]. It is also suggested that the word has been affected by the common word 'lance' in use well before 1290.
The reason for the large variation is likely to be due to errors in
transcriptions and each writers individual attempt to reproduce his version
of the pronounciation of the word Lancing
|5||R.G. Roberts, M.A., The Place Names of Sussex, 1914|
|6||Place Names of Sussex, English Place Name Society, Vol VI (ed. by Mawer and Stenton), part 1,p.200|
|7||Feet of Fines,Sussex Record Society.(S.R.S.),Vols.2,5 and 23.|
|8||Subsidy Rolls, S.R.S.,Vol.56, p.78|
|10||Subsidy Lists, S.R.S., Vol X, p.61|
|14||Post mortem Inquisitions, S.R.S., Vol.III, No. 49|
|15||S.A.S., Lancing Deeds|
|16||Protestation Returns, S.R.S., Vol. V, p.111.|
|17||Lloyd v Ingram.|
Source: A History of Lancing - R.G.P. Kerridge