Marine Life News Bulletin

September 2011

ISSN  1464-8156

On-line connection to the British Marine Life Study Society web pages
Index for the Torpedo News Bulletins
Link to the forum for marine wildlife of the NE Atlantic Ocean and adjoining seas
Link to the Marine Life News web pages for 2011
GATEWAY:  Further European Links
New EMail address
Link to the British Marine Life Study Society Facebook page
Courses (Marine Life)
Discussion Groups
Link to the Fishbase web pages
Marine Information Service
(Marine Life Information Network)
World Register of Marine Species
National Biodiversity Gateway
National Biodiversity Network
World Oceans Day
Link to Ray Dennis's Cornish Marine Life Reports for 2009
Link to Sealord Photography
Link to the Aphoto pages

Norwegian Marine***

National Marine Aquarium, Plymouth

Scottish Association for Marine Science

Silver Dolphin Centre, Helston, Cornwall

Link to the Porcupine Society web pages

Marine Life Society
South Australia ***

De Strandwerkgemeenschap

Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
Marine Wildlife Reserve
Link to Jim Anderson's Scottish Nudibranch (and other sea slugs) web pages

7-14 years
Oakley Intertidal 
on Facebook
Fish & Sharks of the 
NE Atlantic
New Photographic Gallery 
on flickr



Monthly electronic news bulletin for the marine life of the NE Atlantic Oceans including the seas and seashore around the British Isles.
The bulletin is designed for Microsoft Internet Explorer using medium fonts at a resolution of 1024 x 768.
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Reports of marine wildlife from all around the British Isles, with pollution incidents and conservation initiatives as they affect the flora and fauna of the NE Atlantic Ocean

9 September 2011
A record angling capture of a Couch's Sea-Bream, Pagrus pagrus, weighing 4205 grams (9 lb 4 oz 5 drams) was landed on the west coast of Guernsey. Couch's Sea-Bream turned up in Guernsey waters in 1993 after a very long absence. Dr Jonathan Couch recorded one three miles off Polperro in 1842. It is also known as the Common Sea-Bream. It is principally a southern European fish that has been moving north. They grow to a size approaching 8 kg.

Link to a Photograph by Richard Lord
BMLSS Sparidae
BMLSS Pagrus

8 September 2011
Protection for key nature sites in UK seas has come a step closer with the unveiling of proposals to create over 100 Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs). 
The zones range from tiny stretches of coastline to large tracts of sea floor. The proposals were included in the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 and cover seas abutting the English coast and waters around Wales more than 12 miles from the coast. They will be assessed by an expert panel before the government makes its final decision. 
"The thousands of species of sea life and habitats that live hidden under our waters need just as much protection as those that we can see on land," said Richard Benyon, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
"We will scrutinise the recommendations carefully," vowed Peter Ryder, chairman of the Marine Protected Area Science Advisory Panel

6 September 2011
The latest whale to get stranded on the Humber estuary mud flats at Immingham was an immature 9 metre long 
Fin Whale, Balaenoptera physalis. The stranded whale showed signs of life which prompted a difficult but successful rescue effort to dig a channel in the mud to enable the whale to reach deeper water when the tide came in. The whale quickly disappeared under water on the rising tide and was believed to be swimming out to the North Sea in the afternoon.

Unfortunately the Fin Whale was found dead on the shore two days later and washed up on a sandbank at Cleethorpes.

BMLSS Cetaceans

5 September 2011
A pregnant female Blue Shark, Prionace glauca, was washed up on at Barvas on the west side of the Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Western Isles, Scotland.

BMLSS Sharks & Rays

1 September 2011
This fresh fish was discovered on sale at Plymouth Fish Market. It was probably* captured in the south-western approaches (SW of Cornwall). Its length was estimated at 28 cm. However, it identity is a bit of a puzzle and has provoked discussion amongst the experts. It is definitely species of Drumfish in the family Sciaenidae as evidenced by two dorsal fins with the lateral line reaching all the way to its caudal (tail) fin. However, none of the four European species of Drumfish are normally found in British seas and its appearance does not match any of them exactly. The identity of this fish is still under enquiry. (*The provenance of this fish was not established.)

A species of Drumfish
Photograph by Nick Eggar

Richard Lord makes a compelling case for this fish to be the Atlantic Croaker, Micropogonias undulatus, from a comparative photograph he took at Fulton Fish Market (New York). This species inhabits the shallow seas of the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic west coast of the United States of America from Florida to Maine. This seems to be only the third record of this alien fish in European seas as a previous record of two juvenile specimens has been discovered in Belgian waters (Southern Bight of the North Sea): one in August 1998 as a by-catch of the commercial shrimp fishery in coastal waters, another in October 2001 on a tidal flat in the brackish part of the Scheldt Estuary

Pharyngeal Teeth of Drumfish

An alternative possible species is the Chi Drumfish, Umbrina cirrosa. This species is found in the Bay of Biscay.  Another candidate is the Corb, Sciaena umbra

  Please Email any ID suggestions.

31 August 2011
At the annual Jersey Open Shore Angling Festival, a British record breaking specimen of the White Sea Bream, or Sargo, Diplodus sargus, excited everyone including the angler Brian Swain. The fish took a Garfish bait and weighed in at  2 lb  6 oz 12 drams or 1.099 kg. This fish is a rare capture in British seas and the only known occurrences are recent appearances of shoals of these fish around the Channel Islands. Mature adults seem to be confined to shallow seas in the sheltered corner of  the Gulf Normano-Breton. Starting life as males, some White Bream become females in later life. The first youngsters found locally were collected in 1991 from the old hot water outlet at La Collette Power Station on the western boundary of the South-east Coast of Jersey Ramsar Site. Since then they have grown on, apparently to establish a viable population: divers report frequent sightings and a small shoal can often be seen in the Queen Elizabeth II Marina, St Helier

BMLSS Sparidae: White Bream

27 August 2011
A Peacock Blenny, Salaria pavo (Risso, 1810), was seen on the Brittany coast, northern France: "It was found on the shore in the Golfe du Morbihan (a large natural harbour) in south Brittany. They were the commonest fish on the shore, under rocks from mid-shore down." 
I also found a male and female Marbled Rock Crab, Pachygrapsus marmoratus, on an offshore reef at Port St Jaques near Morbihan.

Peacock Blenny
Report and Photograph by David Wilson on the Porcupine MNHS Facebook page.

The Peacock Blenny, Salaria pavo has recently has been found in considerable numbers in the Morbihan and near Concarneau, more towards the western tip of Brittany. 

This the most northerly occurrence of this Mediterranean blenny recorded. 
BMLSS Blennies
BMLSS Intertidal Crabs

20 August 2011
Colin Huelin caught an Atlantic Bonito, Sarda sarda, weighting 5 lb 2 oz 5 drams or 2.333 kg, on Mackerel tackle, from the Corbière area, the extreme south-western point of Jersey.

18 August 2011
A Sperm Whale, Physeter macrocephalus, was stranded on a beach in Dungarvan, County Waterford and died the following day. The whale had been sighted swimming close to shore and was tracked for 100 miles along the coast before beaching itself. The 11 metre adult male appeared distressed and in poor health. Experts from the Irish Whale and Dolphin Group (IWDG) speculated that the whale may have suffered from disease or starvation.

15 August 2011
One of the rarer deep water whales found around the British coast, a Sowerby's Beaked Whale, Mesoplodon bidens, washed up near Thornham on the Norfolk coast. Unfortunately, the whale was was both washed up high on the salt marshes and was in such a poor condition out of the water it had to be euthanised. 

11 August 2011
Niall Sayers caught a Spanish Mackerel (or Chub Mackerel), Scomber colias weighing 1 lb6 oz 12 drams or 0.645 kg, had fallen for a live sandeel, this time fished in deep water over a sandbank to the northwest of Jersey.

10 August 2011
We took a 15 minute boat trip round the harbour at Clovelly, north Devon, and saw two fins swimming nearby.  The pilot said they were Sunfish, Mola mola, and turned the boat around to stay with them.  We had never heard of them before but other visitors were very excited about the sitings. 

 Report by Barbara Rundle
BMLSS Sunfish Reports

4 August 2011
A Bluefin Tuna, Thunnus thynnus, was speared by a diver fisherman off Dorset, one of two seen.

BMLSS Tunnies


Marine Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic Ocean Mailing Groups

Marine Wildlife of the North-east Atlantic Ocean 
Yahoo Group
New Group:

British Marine Life Study Society 
Facebook Page:

This Wall is now working properly and members can now post on it. This is designed for quick less important chatty news items. Photographs can be uploaded quickly which is only possible on the Yahoo Group by going to the web page. 

Images can be uploaded to flickr.

Wet Thumb (Marine Aquariology) Forum Link


All reports by Andy Horton unless the credits are given 
to other observers or reporters.

Cornish Marine Wildlife (Ray Dennis Records) 2009


Each month, at least one special marine image will be published from images sent to the BMLSS. This can be of the seashore, undersea world or any aspect of the marine natural world, especially the underwater life, but not restricted to life beneath the waves. Topical inclusions may be included instead of the most meritorious, and images will be limited to the NE Atlantic Ocean and adjoining seas, marine and seashore species and land and seascapes.

Featured Species

Crystal Jelly, (Photograph © by Penny Martin, Orkney)

Crystal Jelly, Aequorea species
Photograph © by Penny Martin (Orkney)
12 July 2011, Birsay, Orkney Islands

Aequorea is a bioluminescent hydrozoanjellyfish, or hydromedusa.
True jellyfish are in the class Scyphozoa

Aequorea are widely found around the British Isles with records washed up on the shore from Cornwall and Suffolk as well as the Orkneys. However, the records are not complete at the moment because the genus is often not recognised and any reports are welcome. Aequorea species need experts to distinguish between them. Aequorea forskalea has been positively identified and recorded from around the British Isles. The two reports of Aequorea I have received have both been in July 2011.

19 September 2009
There was a large stranding of Aequorea forskalea on Treyarnon Beach, North Cornwall coast. 

BMLSS Aequorea Notes

BMLSS Jellyfish & related Medusa
BMLSS Cnidaria
Bioluminescence and other factoids about Aequorea, a hydromedusa

Jellyfish Blooms


Shorewatch Biological Recording


Shore Topography Series

The name of the particular coast should be included and any other interesting information including the grid reference, if known. Print photographs can be included in Exhibitions and on the BMLSS Web Sites and electronic publications. Electronic images in *.jpg format can also be considered for the web site. They should not exceed 350K in size.

Sandstone Cliffs to the west of the sandy beach at Coryton Bay, Dawlish south Devon 
Photograph ©  by James Lawrence

When the British Marine Life Study Society was first formed in June 1990, one of the founder members with Andy Horton was Ron Barrett who rockpooled and shrimped off Dawlish where he recorded the South-claw Hermit Crab, Diogenes pugilator, which we were not catching off Sussex at the time (but now plentiful in good years but not 2011) and Tompot Blennies, Parablennius gattorugine, between the tides, which we only discover intertidally during the winter months in Sussex.

The railway that runs along the south Devon shore around Dawlish is not the only main line or full scale railway that was built along the shoreline in the British Isles, but it the best known and most often photographed. The study above was taken from the sandy beach of Coryton Bay. There are rockpools at the west end of the beach sheltered by the red sandstone cliffs. 

In the photograph above, a cross country High Speed Train heads west between Clerks Tunnel and Parsons Tunnel. 
Dawlish Sea Wall Railway Guide
Dawlish Sea Wall Guide
South Devon Railway sea wall (Wikipedia)
The Railway beside the Sea: The Sea Wall between Dawlish & Teignmouth

Early morning sunlight on the cliffs at Coryton Cove, Dawlish
Photograph © by Michael Almond

There is constant erosion of these soft sandstone cliffs causing concern to the railway authorities and property owners. A high speed view of the red Breccia (Permian) sandstone cliffs can be seen from the train between Dawlish and Teignmouth

Isambard Kingdom Brunel's optimistic plan was that breakwaters would cause the accumulation of beach sand, and that the sea wall would not be touched by the sea except under severe gale conditions (Kay, 1991). However, the sea wall has long been under attack, particularly in the winter of 1872/1873, when there were major breaches. There was discussion about building a new line inland.

The sea wall has undergone much repair and rebuilding but it has no wave-reflecting curve. Sea spray and overwash frequently damages the line and lands heavily on trains. With global warming now causing a relatively rapid sea-level rise it is recognised that in within about 50 years this line may be doomed. There is at present (2008) consideration taking place of a scheme for the future of using the former Southern Region railway line from Okehampton to Plymouth (Ian West).

The Permian Breccia of Langstone Rock, Dawlish Warren
Photograph © by Will Griffith

The scenic Langstone Rock, Dawlish Warren, was originally a headland connected to the mainland but is now effectively an isolated rock, separated by erosion of the the Breccia sedimentary rock and a cutting made by Brunel for the Great Western Railway route to Cornwall. 

For more geological details click on the link below:

Dawlish Warren Sand Spit and Langstone Rock, Devon;
Geology of the Wessex Coast (by Ian West) Link

How to look at a Rock?

British Coastal Topography

First enquiry by EMail to

New EMail address


Photographers submitting pictures should indicate if they wish them to be considered for inclusion as confirming permission takes work and time and can delay publication of the news bulletins. 

Link to more marine life photographs

Click on the album for more links (On-line link)



In chronological order, the most recent events are at the top of the page. Events open to the public, free or for a nominal charge only are included. Most Seminars need to be booked in advance.

Welcome to WhaleFest 2011
5-6 November 2011

The first and largest event of its kind in Europe, WhaleFest – a celebration of the public’s passion for whales and dolphins – will open for the weekend of 5th and 6th November 2011 in Brighton, UK.

The festival, which launches with a star-studded VIP evening on Friday 4th November, will be opened to the public the following morning at the Hove Centre, where the Mayor of Brighton and Hove will be amongst the attendees. 
Each day, visitors will dive in to a packed programme of unique events. Only here can you go eye to eye with a life-sized Blue Whale, step inside a whale’s stomach, take a ‘virtual’ dolphin watching trip, and be inspired by the world’s whale and dolphin experts and wildlife celebrities.

WhaleFest is organised by Planet Whale, the world’s largest online search engine for whale and dolphin watching trips. WhaleFest represents Planet Whale’s vision; to provide whale and dolphin conservation organisations and sustainable whale watching businesses with a free platform to promote their work to the widest possible audience. 

How to book

Go to Whale Fest web page
(click on this text)

BIOSIS  Conference Calendar for Zoology

(Major Link of all biological conferences around the world)

 Public Aquaria List
?  What to do if you find a stranded whale or dolphin  ?

If you find a LIVE stranded or injured whale or dolphin on the beach you must send for help QUICKLY. A whale or dolphin stranding is an emergency and the speed of response by a professional rescue team is perhaps the most crucial factor in determining whether or not an animal can be returned to the sea alive.

0300 1234 999
0300 1234 999
0131 339 0111
0845 201 2626
01534 724331
00 44 1481 257261

Would you know what to do if you found a whale stranded on a beach?

Each year anywhere between five and 50 whales, dolphins and porpoises are washed up on Britain's beaches.
British Divers Marine Life Rescue, a volunteer charity, was set up in 1998 to rescue them.

BBC News Report

01825  765546






A Field Guide to Marine Fishes of Wales and Adjacent Waters

by Paul Kay & Frances Dipper 
£19.95 incl. p&p
Soft cover

With 256 pages and numerous photographs supported by drawings, this book is the most comprehensive photographic guide to marine fish currently available in the UK. Published for the Marine Conservation Society with support from the Countryside Council for Wales. 

Click on the image to order this book through the Marine Conservation Society


July 2010

PS: A second revised edition of the book has been published. 


Publisher: Graffeg
Publisher's Review (click on this text)
Review by the City and County of Swansea

This is the book I should have written (and I dare say a few others as well) and is a much needed introduction to the world of the seashore and the hobby of rockpooling. It is a photographic guide to most of the common species encountered which is much appreciated as newcomers and even experienced rockpoolers will try and match up what they have seen to a visual image (and photographs work better than line drawings) and this will usually get them the correct species, (unless there are two very alike species and then you will need a specialist identification guide like the Collins Guide to the Seashore).

However, the seashore is a rich and interesting habitat with a myriad of species and 225 pages of this large pocket guide are comprehensively covered to suit the enthusiast.

Extract from the foreword by Keith Hiscock:
"Being able to names to what you see and, better still, to use your observations to add to our knowledge about the natural world is what this book is about."

But the book for a popular audience is more than this. It starts from the assumption that the parents and teachers and older children are unfamiliar with the seashore environment, so the

1. Getting started
explains about the tides (very briefly: a detailed explanation can be in chapter 2) and the equipment you may need, where and how to look for the seashore critters (my term).
2. Living between the tides
explains about the dynamic nature of the littoral environment and the variations on different coasts. It also introduces the explorer to a few technical terms which are further explored in
3. Zonation
which is a rather important explanation to on what part of the shore what animals and seaweeds are to be discovered and why
4. Habitats
Even between the zones the geography of the seashore varies and this chapter explains what habitats what type of creatures
5. Beachcombing
This is the scavenger's first introduction to the see what the sea has deposited on the strandline complete with an excellent quick guide to the common shells and other treasures
6. Animal Life
The large animal life section is structured roughly by phyla (major groups of animals) ignoring for the most part the specialist microscopic studies. Each animal group is given a brief description including behavioural characteristics. Each animal is given a common name and the important scientific name (because the common names can vary in different localities and in different books) with a photograph, brief written description, habitat preferences and field notes.
"Did you know?
Male crabs have a narrow 'v' shaped tail with 5 joints and in females the tail is wider with 7 joints."
Fish are the most interesting discoveries for many of the fledgling rockpoolers. Most of the common species are included but a frequently encountered species like the Rock Goby, Gobius paganellus, has been omitted.
7. Seaweeds
In contrast to the fish the common macroalgae are well covered.
8. Conservation
This is a good section encouraging participants to take an active interest, how the public can help and a comprehensive list of where to report their findings.
9. Further Information
With a book list and a list of organisations and their web pages, a comprehensive glossary and an index, this has the hook that could result in a lifetime interest in the seashore.

Now why would anybody want to go to Serengeti when we have so much of interest nearer to home?


by Andy Horton (August 2010)

Oakley Intertidal on Facebook

BMLSS Guide Books

June 2009

My larger shrimp net, the same design that appeared on River Walks

The Edible Seashore (River Cottage Handbook No. 5)
by John Wright was published

Not just a cookery book: you have to go down to the shore and catch or collect the food yourself. The 240 page hardback book (with an index) is exceptionally well produced in quality of the binding, paper as well as the quality of writing, information and clear useful colour photographs. It is well organised into nine chapters:

Starting Out:  Conservation and Equipment, including the first paper published instructions on how to construct a shrimp net (push-net). 

Foraging:  Lots of useful and essential information about the tides, weather, safety and what to wear. 

Rule Book: This is the bravest inclusion. John Wright attempts (better than anyone so far) to explain the rules, law and ethics of seashore collection, what you are allowed and not allowed to do. It is worth buying the book for this chapter alone.

The Flowering Plants
The Seaweeds
The Molluscs
The Crustaceans

All the expected species and some unlikely edible candidates are included and each is given two pages. Very informative and lots of information I did not already know. John Wright conducted his research first hand and we shrimped together on Southwick Beach with Peter Talbot-Elsden (as shown in my photograph, not in the book).

The Recipes:  Well I would omit the chilli in the Potted Shrimp. After collecting the food, I am usually a wee bit tired and this chapter should be for your partner. Let me know how you get on?

The home-made shrimp net on page 17 is an identical design to mine, the one used by John Wright before he made his own on our expeditions at Southwick, and the one used by Charlie Dimmick on River Walks filmed on nearby Lancing beach.

Conclusion: Highly recommended, essential purchase ***** (highest five star rating).

BMLSS Shrimping


Kimmeridge Tidings

Autumn 2009

Up to date with all the latest happenings at our Purbeck Marine Wildlife Reserve in Kimmeridge.

by Peter Stiles
Publisher: Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon

Philip Henry Gosse was a popular naturalist who moved to Victorian Ilfracombe and wrote his natural science book ‘A Naturalist’s Rambles on the Devonshire Coast’. He later designed the first public aquarium, which opened in London. His activities also attracted other naturalists, including Charles Darwin and novelist George Eliot.

This book celebrates the link between Philip Henry Gosse and his rockpool adventures in Devon and contains lots of information about the life of this self-taught Victorian scientist and writer.

in conjunction with an Exhibition that finished on 25 April 2009.

Marine Fisheries Science Yearbook  2008/2009

Publisher:  defra

href="">To obtain a copy from the defra web site, click on this text

Sharks in British Seas

Richard Peirce
138 pages, colour illustrations, line drawings, colour & b/w photos.
Lots of newspaper reports.

Publisher:  Shark Cornwall
Softcover | 2008 | £9.99

ISBN: 978-0-955869402 

by Lucy Beckett-Bowman

Consultant: Andy Horton
Usborne Publishing   £3.99

Usborne Beginners Series
Level One (very young children)

ISBN 978-0-7460-8864-7

BMLSS Notes for a Primary School Teacher

Whales & Dolphins
of the European Atlantic
The Bay of Biscay, English Channel, Celtic Sea and coastal SW Ireland
by Dylan Walker and Graeme Cresswell
with the illustrations by Robert Still
WILDGuides  2008
£ 12.00 (includes standard UK P&P)
ISBN:  978-1-903657-31-7

This is the second fully revised and updated edition of this comprehensive guide to the identification of whales, dolphins and porpoises (collectively known as cetaceans) in the European Atlantic. Until very recently, most researchers and whale-watchers were unaware of the great variety of cetaceans that can be seen so close to the shores of western Europe. Indeed, it is only during the last decade, when detailed cetacean surveys have been carried out in earnest, that we have discovered how important this area is for cetacean biodiversity.

This field guide describes all of the 31 species of whale, dolphin and porpoise that have occurred in the European Atlantic.

BMLSS Cetacean Book Reviews

The Gulf Stream
by Bruno Voituriez
Publisher:  UNESCO 
ISBN:  92-3-103995-4 
222 pages, figures, glossary, bibliography

The Gulf Stream
Amid contemporary scenarios of potential climatic catastrophes and global warming that might be imagined to bring a new ice age, the powerful image of the Gulf Stream rising from the Florida Straits and flowing to the north Atlantic inevitably provokes questions about its ecological significance and whether it might ever stop.

Coastal Plankton
Photo Guide for European Seas

by Otto Larink & Wilfried Westheide
reviewed by Wim van Egmond
(Collins New Naturalist) (Paperback)
by Peter Hayward
Collins 2004

ISBN:  0-00-220031-7

Amazon Web Site

Paperback. Pp 288. Colour & b/w photographs, illustrations, charts, maps and bibliography. Fine copy. "New Naturalist" Seashore is a comprehensive, authoritative account of the natural history of the seashore.

BMLSS General Guides
BMLSS Advanced Guides


Working to reduce Marine Pollution and to help the birds caught in it
Quarterly Newsletter
Registered Charity  803473


Decision-making in Marine Mammal
Rescue and Rehabilitation

Eastern English Channel Habitat Atlas for Marine Resource Management
is available for download from

Encyclopaedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland

Marine Fauna of Norway

WET THUMB (Marine Aquariology)

BMLSS: Marine Life Articles in Publications (Link)

The British Marine Life Study Society are responsible for producing the journal GLAUCUS, which is the first publication exploring the marine life of the seas surrounding the British Isles available to the general public. In future, I expect the publication to be in an electronic format. 
    We also publish the SHOREWATCH Newsletter and
    the TORPEDO Electronic News Bulletin.

    The Glaucus 2002 CD-ROM was sent out to Premier BMLSS members in January 2003.

EMail Address

New EMail addressEMail address for messages to the British Marine Life Study Society 


Membership 2011
Plans have not yet been finalised for the publications and subscriptions for year 2011. Back copies of previous issues are still available. 

Bulletin Details

If you receive this Bulletin direct from the British Marine Life Study Society it will contain only hypertext and image (*.htm *.gif & *.jpg) files.
Recipients can only unsubscribe if the Bulletin is received directly from the BMLSS.
Permission is granted to forward the Bulletin on unaltered. However, you will have to include the images separately.
To save download times, only new images are included with each Bulletin.
The Bulletin is designed to be viewed on Internet Explorer using medium fonts at a resolution of 1024 x 768. 
Viewing should be possible on Mozilla and other browsers.

Printing the two column version of Torpedo (from issue 28)

These pages are not designed for the default settings on the Page Set-ups of your browser. I recommend viewing in Microscope Internet Explorer 7 and altering the right and left hand columns in the Page Set-up menu to 9 mm (from 19 mm).
The page set-up can also be amended in Netscape Composer and other web page editors, and this has the advantage of enabling the specified number of pages to be printed and the information about the file (name, path, date) to be deleted.

Some of the images may not display if you have changed your directory for downloaded files. The images may also not display properly if your settings on your EMail software do not allow you do this automatically. When received in Pegasus the format is changed slightly, but the bulletin is still readable

Torpedo compiled by Andy Horton
Background design by Andy Horton and other contributors
     24 September 2011 

Compiled on Netscape Composer 4.6 and other programs