Wild Flowers
2nd Addenda 2019
To see a World in a grain of sand,
And Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour

William Blake

Link to Trees 2009 - 2019
Adur Nature 2019

Sussex Wild Flora
Wild Flora on Chalk  on  flickr

Adur Wild Flowers 2020

25 December 2019
Herb Robert was still in flower in my wild Shoreham front garden.

29 October 2019

Yarrow, Ox-eye Daisy, Hogweed
White Campion
Airport Towpath Verges

 A chill breeze blew from the east on both sides of the River Adur estuary. The yellow flowers were all Bristly Ox-tongue.

28 October 2019
There was the first autumn chill in the air. On a dull cloudy day there was nothing noteworthy or colourful. Flowers were limited to patches of Bristly Ox-tongue and a few bedraggled Ox-eye Daisies on the verges of the the Downs Link Cyclepath on the way from the Railway Viaduct to the Erringham Gap (as far as I cycled north).

22/23 October 2019

Hedge Woundwort, Bristly Ox-tongue, Thrift
Rock Samphire, Hardhead

Adur Ragworts

10 October 2019

Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Carline Thistle, Ploughman's Spikenard
Mill Hill

2 October 2019

Downs Link Cyclepath at Old Shoreham

The workers had shorn the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath all the way from the Railway Viaduct to the Erringham Gap (as far as I cycled north), mowing the plants and most of the remaining flowers to lawn height. Hawthorn, Rose Hips, Holly, Privet and Blackberry berries were in the hedgerows.

Yellow Sorrel, Oxalis stricta  (The species name has been queried?) It seems most likely to be Least Yellow Sorrel, Oxalis exilis.
Shoreham town

1 October 2019

Glasswort and Sea Blite
New growths on the western side of the widened River Adur by the Airport
In hot or dry conditions the plants produce red pigments to help protect itself.

After four days of inclement weather, I was pleased to see a fresh Wall Brown Butterfly over the verges just south of the Downs Link Cyclepath crossroads at Old Shoreham. Bristly Ox-tongue attracted two common species of hoverflies. Mayweed was still flowering but this seems to be the later flowering plants of local provenance rather than the earlier flowering seeded crop? A single flowering spike of Hedge Woundwort was seen.

17 September 2019

Yarrow, Privet, Duke of Argyle's Tea Plant
Wild Radish
Shoreham  Harbour, canal section, northern bank

10 September 2019

Hemp Agrimony, Burnet Saxifrage, Dogwood, Tutsan
Hoary Ragwort, Greater Knapweed, Field Scabious
Mill Hill

8 September 2019

Gypsywort, Pickerelweed x2
Marsh Woundwort at Annington Sewer
Waterside Plants at Castle Lane Park, Bramber

Purple Loosestrife

7 September 2019

Prickly Lettuce
Adur Recreation Ground

5 September 2019

Tufted Vetch,  White Deadnettle*, Common Toadflax
Old Shoreham

(* The wilted leaves made it look like White Horehound at first.)

Greater Bird's Foot Trefoil
Erringham Gap

4 September 2019


Greater Knapweed, Applemint
Greater Knapweed & Hoary Ragwort
Mill Hill

3 September 2019

Burnet Saxifrage, Autumn Gentian, Autumn Lady's Tresses, Round-headed Rampion
Small Scabious, Autumn Lady's Tresses
Mill Hill

On the close short vegetation on the plateau of Mill Hill noted the first Autumn Gentian and Autumn Lady's Tresses of the year with frequent Round-headed Rampion and Dwarf Thistle, and notable flowers of Burnet Saxifrage and Small Scabious.

Late August 2019

Fleabane, Devil's Bit Scabious, Spear Thistle
Red Bartsia, Water Mint

20 August 2019

Hoary Ragwort, Common Mallow, Greater Willowherb, Water Mint
Common Ragwort, Wild Carrot, Common Centaury, Upright Hedge Parsley
Downs Link Cyclepath

12 August 2019

Corn Marigold & Mayweed, Rosebay Willowherb, Water Mint
Perennial Sow Thistle
Downs Link Cyclepath, north of the Flyover

9 August 2019

Mill Hill

5 August 2019

Mill Hill

1 August 2019

Wild Basil, Robin's Pin Cushion (gall), Yellow Wort, Teasel, Ploughman's Spikenard
Musk Thistle
Welted Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Wild Carrot, Small Scabious
Mill Hill

28 July 2019

Dwarf Thistle, Ploughman's Spikenard, Musk Thistle
Yarrow, Wild Mignonette
Mill Hill

Water Mint, Great Mullein, Common Toadflax
Downs Link Cyclepath just north of the Flyover

24 July 2019

Upright Hedge Parsley, Haws
Common Centaury
Old Shoreham north of the Flyover

21 July 2019

Red Bartsia, Hemp Agrimony, Viper's Bugloss, Marjoram
Hawkweed Ox-tongue, Bellflower, Fleabane, Hogweed
Tufted Vetch, Tansy*, Cornflower, Dark Mullein
Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and Botolphs (*Airport Road by Ricardo)

17 July 2019

Greater Knapweed, Pyramidal Orchids, Tufted Vetch
Restharrow, Kidney Vetch
Buckingham Cutting South

16 July 2019
It is remarkable that in the middle of July a different set of flowers become dominant on the levels and the downs.

Sticky Smørrebrød of Wild Flora
Field Scabious, Meadow Buttercup, Field Bindweed, Hedge Bedstraw, Greater Knapweed, Common Ragwort, Sycamore, Lady's Bedstraw, Agrimony, Dropwort, Wild Basil, Lesser Hawkbit, Bird's Foot Trefoil, Marjoram, Daisy
Mill Hill

Greater Knapweed & Lady's Bedstraw, Wild Parsnip, Hemp Agrimony
Common Ragwort
Mill Hill

On the upper part of Mill Hill, we witness the omnipresence of Greater Knapweed and Lady's Bedstraw with the umbellifers Hogweed, Wild Carrot with the slightly later emergence of Wild Parsnip with the long spikes of Agrimony and the occasional Yarrow and Common Ragwort. On the middle slopes there are swathes of Marjoram, Wild Basil, Perforate St. John's Wort and the the stands of Hemp Agrimony and the Buddleia shrub. The miniature Eyebright was noted in large white patches on the more open slopes.

Dwarf Thistle, Round-headed Rampion, Musk Thistle
Mill Hill

On the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the Dwarf Thistle was a first arrival for 2019, Round-headed Rampion seen for the first time this summer, and the Musk Thistle was only noted for the first time this year. Green shoots of Carline Thistle appeared. The miniature white swathes were Squinancywort and the yellow dandelion-lookalikes were Lesser Hawkbits.

14 July 2019

Spear Thistle, Teasel
Mixed Flora
Black Horehound, Wild Carrot
Downs Link Cyclepath between Ropetackle North and Old Shoreham

Chicory, Buddleia, Lesser Knapweed
Teasel, Mallow, Tufted Vetch
Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and Old Shoreham

10 July 2019

Common Ragwort, Buddleia
Fleabane, Everlasting Pea, Dark Mullein
Downs Link Cyclepath between Ropetackle North and Dacre Gardens

Buddleia was extensively in flower and probably at its peak on the Downs Link Cyclepath between the new apartments under construction at Ropetackle North and Dacre Gardens, Upper Beeding.
Flowers had changed from the last report: Rosebay Willowherb and Hardheads (=Lesser Knapweed) were profuse, Melilot and Lady's Bedstraw were plentiful and Greater Knapweed was flowering, with Common Ragwort now showing, and the still very noticeable Pyramidal Orchids were past their best. Fleabane was growing on many of the verges and the first flowers of the year appeared. Two umbellifers, the Common Hogweed and the Wild Carrot were frequent with an occasional Fennel in the sun at Old Shoreham.

Tufted Vetch, Centaury
Old Shoreham

9 July 2019

Greater Knapweed, Vervain
Mill Hill

Adur Knapweeds

5 July 2019

Bramble, Kidney Vetch, Perforate St. John's Wort
Buckingham Cutting (south)

4 July 2019

Common Spotted Orchid, Kidney Vetch, Pyramidal Orchid
Buckingham Cutting (south)
Old Shoreham

3 July 2019

Meadow Scabious, Burdock, Marjoram, Pyramidal Orchid
Lady's Bedstraw, Common Hogweed, Meadow Cranesbill, Hemp Agrimony
Common Centaury
Mill Hill Upper

New flowers seen in quantity for the first time this year on the upper part of Mill Hill were the Common Hogweed, a few flowers of Meadow Scabious, the beginnings of Wild Parsnip, a few (much less than normal) Wild Carrot, and on the middle slopes the first of the large patches of Marjoram. There were a few Yellow Wort, frequent Pyramidal Orchids, occasional Lesser Hawkbits, budding Common Ragwort, the tall Agrimony, Melilot, Meadow Cranesbill and Mugwort amongst flowers previously mentioned this year. My first of the year Hawkweed Ox-tongue towered above the rest of the vegetation in the lay-by on the east side of the country road. There were the usual areas of mixed long grasses, Bedstraws and Greater Knapweed south of the Reservoir.
Adur Knapweeds

2 July 2019

Wild Basil, Great Willowherb, Marjoram
Self-heal, Perforate St. John's Wort
Mill Hill

Summer turning towards autumn with the hay meadow on the levels below Mill Hill harvested and the hay baled. New flowers seen for the first time this summer were Common Centaury, Wild Basil, Marjoram, the wayside Vervain, the tall Great Willowherb and the first of the Traveller's Joy. Hedge Bedstraw and Lady's Bedstraw was very common on the middle slopes of Mill Hill. A few Dog Violets were seen in flower on the lower slopes.

30 June 2019

Dark Mullein
Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works
(TQ 20240 08042 unnamed)

27 June 2019

Pyramidal Orchids, Tufted Vetch, Burdock
  Perforate St. John's Wort, Purple Toadflax
Downs Link Cyclepath between Old Shoreham and Dacre Gardens (Upper Beeding)

Several hundred Pyramidal Orchids were the notable feature of the verges of the Downs Link cyclepath between Old Shoreham and Dacre Gardens (Upper Beeding) where there were the first flowers for this year of Purple Toadflax, Perforate St. John's Wort, Burdock, Tufted Vetch and the small Self-heal. Hogweed and Wild Carrot was in flower but not all that much yet.

26 June 2019
Viper's Bugloss had taken over as the dominant plant on the shingle above the high tide ridge on Shoreham Beach West, its blue spikes exceeding all the other vegetation by mass. On a humid breezy afternoon, on the Widewater flood plain, one spike was visited by my first definite Painted Lady Butterfly of the year. A Great Mullein was seen in flower by the road on the west side of the Tollbridge.

Viper's Bugloss, Yellow-horned Poppy, Sea Campion
Ivy-leaved Toadflax, English Stonecrop, Silver Ragwort, Sea Heath
Shoreham Beach West and Widewater Flood Plain

Mugwort, Hedge Woundwort
Old Shoreham

25 June 2019

Kidney Vetch, Biting Stonecrop, Hare's Foot Clover, Childing Pink
Melilot, Black Horehound
Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach

There were well over a hundred Childing Pink flowers amongst the Hare's Foot Clover on Silver Sands, Shoreham Beach. Great Lettuce and Fennel was growing nearby, but had not yet flowered.
Adur Childing Pink

Great Lettuce and Sea Mayweed
Soldier's Point Beach, River Adur, Shoreham

23 June 2019

Pyramidal Orchid, Restharrow, Hedge Woundwort, Red Bartsia
Common Spotted Orchid, Dotted Loosestrife, White Bryony, Meadow Cranesbill
Downs Link Cyclepath between Ropetackle and the disused Cement Works

Flowers seen for the first time this year was Red Bartsia hidden amongst the dominant Ox-eye Daisies over the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath between Erringham Gap and the disused Cement Works. Meadow Cranesbill was unexpected, perhaps seen for the first time on the verge. Field Bindweed was now in flower under the Flyover. The five-petalled White Bryony was seen climbing over the Woundwort at Old Shoreham.

Black Horehound
Hedge Woundwort x 2
Black Horehound
Downs Link Cyclepath at Old Shoreham

22 June 2019

Common Poppy, Spear Thistle, Cow Parsley leaves
Common Ragwort, Mallow
Adur Recreation Ground

In the morning sunshine, new native wild flowers appeared on or near Adur Recreation Ground of Common Ragwort, Yarrow, Spear Thistle and Mugwort, budding Bristly Ox-tongue as well as the alien Purple Bugloss, Echium plantagineum.

21 June 2019

Agrimony, Hedge Woundwort, Rosebay Willowherb, Common Spotted Orchid
Common Broomrape, Pyramidal Orchid
Downs Link Cyclepath: Old Shoreham to the Cement Works

There were scores of Pyramidal Orchids on the verges of the Downs Link Cyclepath near the Cement Works in the late afternoon with a few Common Spotted Orchids. Buddleia was seen in flower for the first time this year as befitting the middle of summer. An exceptional find was a solitary Common Broomrape. Other firsts were Rosebay Willowherb and Creeping Thistle and on the verges of the cyclepath at Old Shoreham the first Hedge Woundwort and early Hemp Agrimony.

Common Broomrape
Downs Link Cyclepath: near the Cement Works

Wild Flower Reports 2019 (1) pre-Summer solstice

Post-Summer Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2018

Pre-Summer Solstice Wild Flower Reports 2018

Wild Flowers 2008
Flora of Shoreham-by-Sea (List)

British Wild Flowers (photographs of all)

Parts of a Flower

Pollination Power

A Layman's Guide to British Wild Flowers

Botanical Latin

Wild Flower Society

List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland

Alphabetical LIst of British Wild Plants

Plant Glossary

Flower Terminology

Wild Flower Key


Sussex Wild Flora

Flora & Fauna on Chalk

Flora of the British Isles: A Photographic Guide


Childing Pink
Cichorioid Daisies
Dandelions & their ilk
Hawkbits & Hawkweeds
Horseshoe Vetch

Prevalence Definitions (does not apply to birds):

TBI: To be identified


ABUNDANT 1000- 10,000
VERY COMMON = 500-1000
COMMON 100-500
FREQUENT 10 - 50
RARE = ONLY 1  or

Scarce 4-10 per year
Very Scarce 1-3 per year
Rare   less one than every year
Very Rare   1-3 records in total since 2000


Comparative Plant Ecology (book)
Interactive Flora of the British Isles: DVD ROM

SquinancywortLady's BedstrawVervainEyebrightWild BasilLink to the Adur Nature Notes 2009 web pagesLink to the Adur 2010 Nature Notes pagesLink to the Adur 2012 Nature Notes pages