with Jim Hall (Swansea)

On a beautiful sunny and warm August day (a rare event indeed in South Wales, in 1998), with a gentle breeze blowing from the south-west, I decided to visit the Mumbles.

Mumbles Pier in a torrential Welsh downpour

Swansea Bay

This rather picturesque resort is situated at the westerly corner of Swansea Bay, four miles from the city, but visible from any point of this magnificently curving bay, that sweeps some seventeen miles of almost continuous sand, right round to Aberavon, (Port Talbot's beach) at the easterly end of the curve. This bay has provided a safe haven for many a weary sailor and was obviously the reason for Swansea becoming a shipping port, in fact, one of the most important harbours in south Wales throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Low Tide

I arrived about 90 minutes before the turn of the tide, with the intention of investigating some, of the many rockpools at The Mumbles and did, in fact, discover the presence of many tiny fry of 5 mm to 8 mm, too small to identify. I found some young Sand Smelts, Atherina presbyter, of 20 mm and captured six of them for my aquarium. I also found, on pieces of pebble on the bottom of these shallow pools, several small Plumose Anemones, Metridium senile, and upon lifting one of these, I spotted a tiny red growth, that on further examination proved to be a very small Feather Star, Antedon bifida, with arms of 10 mm.

Blenny or Shanny (Photograph  by Andy Horton)

On the whole I would say that apart from the Sand Smelts, the pools did not prove very productive, as the usual assortment of Shanny, Rockling, Sand Eels etc were not in evidence although a few small Hermit Crabs in their shells, scuttled about the sandy bottom.


Scattered all over the exposed rocks at mid to low tide level were the filamentous strands of the seaweed Purple Laver, Porphyra umbilicalis, that turn to black when out of the water, but survive to return to the original brown colour when immersed on the following tide. This weed, when collected and cooked, becomes the highly popular delicacy in South Wales known locally as Laver Bread and is normally served with cockles and bacon!

The seaweed Carragheen, Chondrus crispus was very evident almost everywhere in the pools, with the iridescence of the tips, winking at me in the warm sunlight, almost like fairy lights amongst the red/brown leaves of the parent plant.

Prawns and Rock Pool Fish

 I caught quite a number of large Prawns, Palaemon serratus, of edible size and as the tide was now almost fully out, I made my way to the Sewer Pipe that runs diagonally under the Mumbles Pier and Lifeboat Station and is only uncovered on the big tides of the year. Under this pipe I have found many oddballs over the years and it is also an excellent area for large prawns.
I did quite well, finding many more prawns, also one large Scorpion fish (Long-spined Bullhead), Taurulus bubalis, a small 3-bearded Rockling, several Corkwing and Ballan Wrasse, (all fish returned to the water), then I spotted a quite large Long-legged Spider Crab, Macropodia rostrata, resplendent in seaweeds of many shades, attached all over it's legs, making it quite difficult to recognise at first. The legs were 60 mm/ to 70 mm in length and it is now happily perched on top of a plastic Vallisenaria (seaweed)  in my two-metre long aquarium.

Fouling Organisms

There were ten separate growths of Dead Mens Fingers, Alcyonium digitatum  (all white) at various points along the pipe and around the pier supports, that are also liberally covered with Plumose Anemones of white, brown, salmon and a very pretty salmon-white mixture, amongst many kinds of sponge growth interspersed with Sea Squirts making this quite a colourful area.

I left the pipe at this point and moved under the pier supports, amongst this mixture of rusty ironwork and tangled colour, walking on a bed of mussels that cover the seabed between the supports and range out as far as I can wade in safety and up the beach to the mid water mark, in an unbroken mass.

Friendly Visitors

Pushing my net around and under the supports, searching for more Prawns, I gradually became aware that I was not alone.

The water, was on this day, crystal clear and not three feet from me was a largish fish that I quickly realised was a Triggerfish Balistes capriscus (=Balistes carolinensis).  It seemed to show no fear of me at all and it had now been joined by two more Triggerfish of similar size. They were grey-blue with several slashes of a lighter colour on the sides and back. Due to refraction and rippling of the surface water I can only estimate the size at approximately 20 cm belly to back, and 30 cm nose to tail and weighing about 1.5 kg (3 1b).

I lost all interest in prawning at this point and spent the next fifteen minutes watching these Triggerfish as they moved around me, sometimes about 40 cm from my legs. I did attempt to net one, just for identification purposes and to determine size, but it easily evaded my net by turning on it's side and slipping under a girder, into a space of only 10 cm, only to reappear moments later circling me again. When I moved, they came with me showing no fear at all.

Knowing the set of teeth that these fish 'possess and as I was bare legged, perhaps it was I who showed no fear!

Schools of Triggerfish

A large school of these fish have been resident under the Mumbles Pier for many years now as can be attested by the local anglers who catch them every summer, with weights of 1 kg to 2 kg being the norm. I have never seen a young or baby Triggerfish nor heard of one being seen or caught so we have to assume that they are summer visitors.

Why is it always the Mumbles Pier? Could it be the mussel beds that attract them or maybe the hundreds of Common Starfish, Asterias rubens, that regularly feed on the mussels? The Triggerfish has teeth capable of dealing with either. The area is also alive with young Sand Eels and young fish of all sorts seem to like the end of the pier for reasons unknown to me.

      Starfish feeding on a mussel
Whatever the reason, it made my day to spend a long fifteen minutes in such close company with these quite exotic visitors from sub-tropical seas.
  • Triggerfish off Dorset (BMLSS Scotland)
  • Triggerfish in Rare Fish Records (BMLSS Ireland)
  • Triggerfish (UK Aquarium Database)
  • Triggerfish Database File
  • Mumbles 2001
  • Rockpooling Page
  • Rockpooling at Gelliswick Bay, Milford Haven
  • Rockpooling Venues

    British Marine Life Study Society Home Page
    News 2019
    News 2018
    Main Links
    Membership Form
    Top of the Page