Adur Valley Wildlife

Lower Reaches: Shoreham-by-Sea

Sites of Special Scientific Interest

Cissbury Ring
Beeding Hill to Newtimber Hill (includes Devil's Dyke)
Adur Estuary

Sites of Nature Conservation Importance (Link to)

Link to Adur Valley Nature Notes 2003Link to the Adur Nature Notes 2004 Index page

Chalk Downs

Species: Chalkhill Blue Butterfly (common), Marbled White Butterfly, Meadow Brown ButterflyClouded Yellow Butterfly (some years, e.g.  2000)
Butterfly Page for Adur

Round-headed RampionRound-headed RampionRound-headed RampionRound-headed RampionFlora: Bird's Foot Trefoil, Horseshoe Vetch, Harebell, Field Bindweed, Small Scabious, Violets, Greater Knapweed, Stemless Thistle, Eyebright, Round-headed Rampion, Cowslip, Pyramid Orchid.

ORCHID SLIDE SHOW  (CD-ROM only, photographs by Ray Hamblett)

Fungi:  Field Mushroom, Puff-Ball (in August 1999, Shirley Carden of Southwick found a Puff-Ball weighing 4.4 kg [9 lb 12 oz] )

Scrub Flora: Dogwood, Hawthorn, Wayfaring Tree.

Trees: Elm, Ash, Beech (Lancing Clump), Sycamore (western slopes of Mill Hill).

Flora in cultivated areas: Poppy.

Hedgerows (always absent from many areas): Ash trees are planted amongst the hedges.

Birds:  Skylark, Magpie, Crow,  Kestrel.

Autumn Birds:  Fieldfare, Redwing.

Wild Flower Society

Coastal Fringe

Tree Mallow on Shoreham Beach (Photograph by David Wood)
Plant Species: Starry Clover, Yellow-horned Poppy, Tamarisk, Sea Kale, Italian Catchfly, Viper's Bugloss, Bittersweet, Sea Beet, Silver Ragwort, Sea Plantain, Dock, Tree Mallow, Sea Campion, Rock Samphire, Thrift, Yellow Stonecrop, Field Bindweed, Opium Poppy, Mayweed, Cow Parsely, Bird's Foot Trefoil, Red Valerian, Childing Pink.

Birds: Ringed Plover, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, Wheatear, Chaffinch, Cormorant, Pied Wagtail, Crow, Black-headed Gull.

Reptiles: Common (or Viviparous) Lizard, Zootoca vivipara.

River Adur Estuary

Fish: Grey Mullet, Bass, Sand Smelts, Flounder.

Common Birds: Black-headed Gulls, Cormorants, Dunlin, Mute Swans, Redshank, Greater Black-backed Gulls.

Inverts: Bilge Bugs, Shore Crab, Mussels,Cockles, Periwinkles.

The Bilge Bug, Ligia oceanica, is a large wood louse that lives on the shore above high tide level, crawling out at night to feed on decaying seaweed. It is a largest British species reaching 30 mm in length. It is abundant on all suitable British shores.

Teasel (Photograph by Andy Horton)Others: Viviparous (Common) Lizard, Slow Worm, Common Toad.

Salt Marsh: Glasswort (Marsh Samphire), Sea Purslane, Sea Aster, Sea Spurrey, Sea Arrow Glass, Sea Lavender ?, Sea Blite
Estuary File

Flora: Sea Purslane (abundant), Glasswort.
Algae:  Carrageen.

1960 TO 1992

Adur Levels

Flora: Blackthorn, Willow (both important for insect fauna), Primrose, Bramble, Elder, Thistles, Creeping Cinquefoil, Duckweed, Violets, Orache, Elm, Teasel, Cow Parsley, Dog Rose, Dock, Mallow, Yarrow, Dogwood,

Lower Slopes of the Downs: Sycamore, Field Maple, Ash, Hawthorn, Beech.

Stream near the Waterworks with extensive reedbeds (Photograph by Andy Horton)Town fringes: Stinging Nettle, Dock.

Reptiles & Amphibians: Common Frog, Common Toad, Grass Snake, Common Lizard (also called Viviparous Lizard).

Interesting Insects: Common Blue Butterfly, Buff-tailed Bumblebee, Meadow Brown Butterfly, Small Tortoiseshell.

Mammals: Mink, Stoat, Fox, Rabbits, Roe Deer.

Birds: Starling, Grey Heron, Lapwing, Cuckoo, Wren, Robin, Blackbird.

Fish: Flounders, Eels, Bass, 3-spined Stickleback.

Link to the British Dragonfly Society


Mammals: Grey Seal (one record 1996), Common Seal (rare vagrants), Bottle-nosed Dolphins (present in summer but not seen very often), Long-finned Pilot Whale (one specimen washed ashore dead).

Fish: Black 'Skimmer' Bream, Sole, Bass, Dab, Dragonet, Cod, Lumpsucker, Corkwing Wrasse, Grey Mullet, Dogfish, Mackerel, Garfish, Greater Pipefish, Monkfish, Thornback Ray, Conger, Montagu's Sea Snail, Basking Shark.

Spider Crab on Shoreham beach (Photograph by Andy Horton)

Photograph:  Actinia fragacea "Strawberry" Beadlet Anemone

Inverts: Spiny Spider Crab, Edible Crab, Oysters, Mussels, Common Starfish, Buntings (Prawns), Brown Shrimp, Plumose Anemone, Moon Jellyfish, various Sea Squirts.

Fish Slide Show
Jellyfish Page
Oyster & the Slipper Limpet
Sussex Dolphins (article)
Unusual Sussex Fish Discoveries

August 1998:  Large Bass continue to be taken from the shore and piers at Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex.
The latest weighed 6.35 kg (14 lb).

Shoreham-by-Sea: Town & Gardens

Reptiles: Slow-worm (common), Common Lizard.

Species: Hedgehog (common), Fox, Weasel, Rabbit.

Unidentified Dragonfly (Photograph by Andy Horton)Birds: Pied Wagtail (Dishwasher)*, Jackdaw, Oystercatcher, Black-headed Gull, Kestrel, Mistle Thrush, Magpie, Collared Dove, Blackbird, Wren, House Sparrow, Crow, Starling.

The Feral Pigeon is only occasionally seen but is found on Shoreham-by-Sea railway station, about the only place in the town where it can be regularly seen.

Flora (worth looking at):  Bittersweet, Field Bindweed, Rosebay Willowherb, Common Mallow, Mayflower, Bramble (Blackberry), Tufted Vetch, Elder.

Holm Oak,  Quercus ilexTrees: Sycamore, Yew, Sweet Chestnut, Holly, Poplar, Oak, Holm Oak, Linden (Lime), Scots Pine.

Hamme Field Allotments:
Song Thrush.

Church Lane, Southwick:
Birds Breeding:   Sparrowhawk, Song Thrush.
Birds visiting:  Green Woodpecker (feeds on the ground), Jay, Greenfinch, Goldfinch.

[* see the note in the Oxford Companion to Animal Behaviour, page 182.]


Species: Shore Crabs, Butterfish, 5-Bearded Rockling, Beadlet Sea Anemones, Hermit Crabs, Mussels, Oysters, Periwinkles, Cockles, Lugworm, Blenny, Bullhead, Corkwing Wrasse, Shrimps,Prawns (Buntings), Rock Goby, Common Goby, Spiny Spider Crab, Short-legged Spider Crab, Long-legged Spider Crab, Hairy Crab, Hairy Porcelain Crab, Long-clawed Porcelain Crab, Sagartia troglodytes Sea Anemone, Edible Crab.

Photograph by Gene Mears

Seaweeds washed up on the beach at Shoreham

Birds: Dunlin, Ringed Plover, Oystercatcher, Black-headed Gull, Cormorant, Avocet (rare), Little Auk (rare), unidentified diving ducks, Brent Goose.

Seashore Slide Show

Widewater Lagoon

Birds: Mallard, Red-breasted Merganser, Mute Swan, Heron, Little Grebe, Black-headed Gull, Crow, Common Gull.

Widewater from the bridge looking east (Photograph by Ray Hamblett)

Species: 3-spined Stickleback (infected with the parasite Cryptocotyle), Lagoon Cockle.
Life style of the trigenetic parasite Cryptocotyle lingua.

Rare Birds

Little Egret (now regular, 1999), Spoonbill, Osprey, Redshank (leucistic specimen), Water Pipit, Grey Phalarope, Little Auk, American Laughing Gull (one record only), Mediterranean Gull, Smew (January 1996), Glaucous Gull, Puffin (oiled birds), Treecreeper (common bird that is uncommon locally),  Ring-necked Parakeet (escapes or naturalised?), Red-breasted Merganser (in bad weather in winter), Purple Heron (one record).

New Adur District Wildlife site
Sussex Ornithological Society

Adur Valley
Adur Nature Notes
Shoreham-by-Sea - 4
Shoreham-by-Sea Home Page


BMLSS Home Page


Adur Valley

Shoreham-by-Sea 2 
Modern map, Bungalow Town, Ancient Times
Link to the Adur Nature Notes 2004 Index page Shoreham-by-Sea 4
Housing, Historical Snippets

Shoreham Lifeboat Station
Shoreham Sailing Club 
Shoreham-by-Sea 5
Cycling Routes
Shoreham-by-Sea 6
History in the Making
Shoreham-by-Sea 7
Marlipins Maritime Museum Adur Political Shoreham Beach
Shoreham-by-Sea 8
Shoreham-by-Sea 9  Events Shoreham-by-Sea 10
Public Houses
Shoreham  Residents Homepages Shoreham  Local Organisations Homepages



Adur Nature Notes 2000
Adur Nature Notes 2001
Adur Nature Notes 2002
Adur Wildlife Gallery
Coastal Fringe
Chalk Downs
Intertidal (Seashore)
River Adur Estuary
River Adur Flood Plain
Sea (off Sussex)
Town & Gardens
Sussex Wildlife Web Sites
Widewater Lagoon
Common SoleDahlia AnemoneCommon StarfishShore CrabScallopPyramid OrchidShore UrchinHermit CrabLittle EgretPrawn  (Palemon serratus)Sea CampionThrift